Presentation on theme: "Case 5-3 in Hillier and Hiller"— Presentation transcript:
1 Case 5-3 in Hillier and Hiller Math 201 Project 1Case 5-3 in Hillier and Hiller
2 Project 1Final report due at start of class Thursday, October 23,Final reports submitted on Thursday after the start of class will accrue a 10% lateness penalty.No final reports will be accepted after Thursday, Oct. 23, for any reason, no matter how good the reason is.Final reports must be submitted in hard copy form; no submissions will be accepted.Team leaders are responsible for collecting team contributions and compiling the final report.Go to for downloadable materials.
3 Farm Management Problem John PloughmanEunice PloughmanGrandpaFrankPhyllisCarl
4 Elements of the Problem DataDecisionsConstraintsMeasure of Performance
5 Project 1 Data Family labor: home farm Wages from work on neighboring farmSeasonHours AvailableWinter/Spring4000Summer/Fall4500SeasonWagesWinter/Spring$5/hrSummer/Fall$5.50/hr
6 Data, cont’d Two types of livestock: Three crops Dairy cows Chickens Soybeans (cash crop)Corn (cash crop and cattle feed)Wheat (cash crop and chicken feed)
7 Data, cont’d Livestock value: 30 cows, total value $35,0002,000 hens, total value $5,000$20,000 investment fund available to buy new livestockEach new cow: $1,500Each new hen: $3Barn can hold maximum of 42 cowsChicken house can hold maximum of 5,000 hensDepreciation:Value of herd of cows depreciates 10%/yearValue of flock of hens depreciates 25%/year
8 Data, cont’d Available acreage for planting: 640 acres Total family living expenses: $40,000 / year
9 Person-hours required each month Data, cont’dCowHenPerson-hours required each month100.05Grazing land required2 acresNet annual cash income$850$4.25
10 Data, cont’d Data per acre planted (estimates for good weather) W&S = Winter and Spring; S&F = Summer and FallSoybeansCornWheatW&S Person-Hours1.00.90.6S&F Person-Hours22.214.171.124Net Value$70$60$40
11 Where do we want to end up? The family wants to decide how many acres to plant for each crop, and how many new livestock (cows and hens) to buy, with the goal of maximizing the family’s total monetary worth at the end of the coming year.As their consultants, we need to provide them with optimal solutions with respect to estimated conditions for good weather and bad weather (drought, flood).
12 Decisions How much acreage should be planted for each crop? How many new cows and hens should the family purchase?
13 ConstraintsThe family needs to plant enough acres of corn to provide feed for the cows:Acres of corn > (1 acre/cow) times (# of cows)The family needs to plant enough acres of wheat to provide chicken feed:Acres of wheat > (0.05 acres/chicken) times (# of chickens)The total spent on new livestock must be no greater than the amount in the investment fund ($20,000)Barn constraint: total # of cows < 42Chicken house constraint: total # of hens < 5,000
14 Constraints, cont’dTotal hours worked by family = planting hours + livestock care hours + hours on neighboring farmPlanting hours and livestock care hours determined by acreage and number of livestockHours on neighboring farm: optional (decision)Total hours worked by family W&S must not exceed the total available (4,000 hrs)Total hours worked by family S&F must not exceed the total available (4,500 hrs)
15 Decisions, revised How much acreage should be planted for each crop? How many new cows and hens should the family purchase?How many hours should the family work on the neighboring farm?
16 Measure of Performance The measure of performance is the family’s total monetary worth at the end of one year.Their total monetary worth is the following sum:Total Net Income+ End of Year Value of Assets+ Leftover Investment Fund- Total Living Expense= Total Monetary Worth
17 Project AssignmentDo parts a) – e) and g) – i) of Case 5-3, pp in the textbook.Use the spreadsheet template provided on your instructor’s website to start your work.Hint for part d): the Sensitivity Report prints “objective coefficients” for functions that are not the final objective function.For example, the total net value of the plantings is a SUMPRODUCT of the acres planted cells and the net value cells. The Sensitivity Report treats the net value cells as “objective coefficients.”Thus, your assignment in part d) is to use the Sensitivity Report “objective coefficient” information to find allowable ranges for the net value per acre planted for each of the three crops.
18 Project AssignmentHint for part d) continued: a portion of the Sensitivity Report for the spreadsheet model:This is NOT the whole Sensitivity Report, just the portion relevant to part d).
19 Project AssignmentYour report should model each scenario in part e) with its own spreadsheet model. These should be tabs in your Excel spreadsheet file.Planning: your study group should have at least parts a) - d) completed by Monday and have a very good start on parts e) – i). We will use lab time on Monday to help you complete the project, but you must come to lab with some work done already, or it will be difficult for me to help you.