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PhD Proposal Presentation Title : Documentation and Grammatical Description of Komo Candidate: Tesfaye Negash Supervisors: Dr. Wondwosen Tesfaye Dr. Anne-Christie.

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Presentation on theme: "PhD Proposal Presentation Title : Documentation and Grammatical Description of Komo Candidate: Tesfaye Negash Supervisors: Dr. Wondwosen Tesfaye Dr. Anne-Christie."— Presentation transcript:

1 PhD Proposal Presentation Title : Documentation and Grammatical Description of Komo Candidate: Tesfaye Negash Supervisors: Dr. Wondwosen Tesfaye Dr. Anne-Christie Hellenthal Date: Feb. 27, 2012 Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 1

2 Documentation and Grammatical Description of Komo Background of the Study Statements of the Problem Review of Related Literature Theoretical Framework Objective of the Study Significance of the study Delimitation of the Study The Research Description Research Methods The Workflow of the Documentation Ethical Consideration Action Plan and Schedule of the Study Cost of the Entitled Project References Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 2

3 Background of the Study  The People  The Komo people live in Moa-Komo Special Woreda (District).  The Mao-Komo Special Woreda is located within Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.  This can be observed from the following map. Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

4 Background of the Study Benishangul-Gumuz Region Benishangul Gumuz Regional State in National Setting. Source: - Facts about Benishangul Gumuz Regional States, April, Retrieved online Dated Dec. 30, Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

5 Cont’d Background of the Study  The region has  three administrative zone  20 Woredas.  two of them are Special Woredas: Pawe and Mao-Komo.  The present research will be conducted in Mao- Komo Special Woreda.  The following map shows Moa-Komo Special Woreda. Tesfaye’s PhD Proposal presentation 6 Continued to the next page

6 Cont’d Background of the Study I Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 5 Continued to the next page

7 Cont’d Background of the Study  The Komo live both  in Ethiopia and Sudan.  In Ethiopia, the Komo people live in  Benishangul-Gumuz Region;Moa-Komo Special Woreda.  Gambella Region.  In Sudan, they live  around the Ahmar,  Tombak and  Yabus (Dabus) rivers in the southern Funji region of the Blue Nile Province (Siebert, 2007). Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

8 Cont’d Background of the Study  The people were estimated around 9096 in May 2007 census.  The main economic activity of the people is agriculture.  They cultivate sorghum, ground nuts, sweet potato, cotton and tobacco.  They rear cattle. They also practice fishing and hunting (Hummel and Meckelburg, 2007). Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

9 Cont’d Background of the Study  The Language  The people of Komo refer to their language by the name Komo.  The Komo language belongs to the Koman language family within the Nilo-Saharan phylum.  This can be observed from the following tree diagram. Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

10 (Cont’d) Background of the Study Tree diagram of the Nilo-Saharan super family (Adopted from Greenberg 1963 and 1970 in Bender 1976:5) Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page Nilo-Saharan Koman Shita Komo Uduk Kwama Chari-Nile East Sudanic Berta Kunama Central Sudanic

11 Statements of the Problem  least described and endangered languages of Ethiopia  According to UNESCO, it is “definitely endangered language”  It might well be extinct in the course of only a few years time. As a result :  not only the language as such faces extinction, but also  the indigenous knowledge and  the cultural heritage tied to the language face extinction.  to preserve the wealth of human language means to preserve the wealth of human knowledge.  The primary motive for the project proposed here is  to contribute to international efforts to safeguard the definitely endangered language Komo, its associated indigenous knowledge, and also  to write a comprehensive grammar of the language. Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3

12 Review of Related Literature  The materials available in Komo language are:  very little if not nil.  Some of these works are sketchy,  some of them are reports written on the sociolinguistic situation of the language and  some of them are simple collection of lexical items. In what follows, I shall give a brief summary of each of these works. Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

13 Cont’d Review of Related Literature  According to Siebert (2007:421), Burn (1947), in his sketchy grammatical description, identified 23 consonants;  five labials “ p, b{voiced implosive}, p, b, m ”  nine alveolar “ t, d{voiced implosive}, t,d,n,s,z,l,r ”  one alveopalatal “ š ”  three velars “q,k,g ”  three glottals “ ṣ, ˀ,h ”  two semivowels “ w, y ” and  ten vowels “ i, e, ε, a, כ, o, u, ã, ĩ, ε ”  The language also has five diphthongs “εi, ai, כi, au, ou ”  He also identified “four significant tone levels; high, mid, norm(?) and low”. However, the question mark shows that the “norm” level is not confirmed but it is more likely to be in the language.  Regarding the word order, he says that the basic word order of the language is Subject-Verb-Object; but, Verb-Subject-Object is also possible. Siebert (2007:421) The grammatical description is sketchy, done for the sake of bible Transcription, and not exhaustive description Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

14 Cont’d Review of Related Literature  Teshome (2008) also gives a brief phonological description of Komo.  He identifies twenty four consonants,  five bilabials “ p, b, p’, m, w ”  one labiodentals “ f ”  eleven alveolar “ t, d, t’, d{implosive}, s, z, s’, n, l, r, j ”  one palatal “ š ”  four velar “ k, g, k’, ŋ ” and  two glottal “ ?, h ”  seven vowels “ i, e, a, ә, u, o, כ “  He also states that “In the distribution of the consonant phonemes only /ň/ did not occur in word medial and final position. No word final occurrences of the consonants /g/ and /h/ were recorded.” (Teshome, 2008:1-12 ) Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

15 Cont’d Review of Related Literature  The other works on the language are the sociolinguistic survey reports which were done by SIL Ethiopia.  For example, Klaus and Wedekind (2002 ) 320-Item Word Lists of Komo and the geographical areas of the language has been given by.  In the same year, Siebert et al. (2002) give an incomplete sketch map of language areas of Komo in South of Asosa.  Jordan et al. (2011) indicate that kwama and Komo are different languages and they determine the best location for the study of Komo and Kwama. Jordan says the works of Teshome (2008) is on Komo not Kwama. Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

16 Theoretical Framework  The theoretical frameworks are language documentation and language description.  Language documentation is  a long-lasting and permanent record of a language used for several different disciplines. It “should strive to include many and varied records of communicative events, covering all aspects of the set of interrelated phenomena of a language.” (Himmelmann 2006:1-2).  Language Description  A descriptive approach involves the nonjudgmental description of language use. Descriptive linguistics aims to describe a language synchronically. It is description of individual languages through generalization from corpus analysis (Crystal 2008). Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continued to the next page

17 Objectives of the Study  The main objectives of the present project are to address the definitely endangered language Komo by:  Collecting and recording linguistic data that enables to make a through description of the grammar of the language.  Collecting and recording corpus of primary data representing different types of texts and give minimal annotation, standard transcription and explanatory comments on the speech situation of the recording and its content.  Collecting data of cultural and social complex.  Creating a range of high quality materials to support description of a variety of language phenomena. Tesfaye's PhD proposal presentation 3 Continues to the next page

18 Significance of the Study  The project has the following significance.  It is an important source for supporting language maintenance. It contributes to international efforts to safeguard the definitely endangered language Komo.  It is an important source for the speech community, preparing educational materials, national and international agencies concerned with education and language planning, as well as researchers in various disciplines(linguistics, anthropology, oral history, etc.).  The project has great significance for the science of linguistics as it is expected to contribute something new to the science of linguistics. Tesfaye’s PhD proposal presentation 18 continues to the next page

19 Delimitation of the Study  The study will focus on  The documentation of the major representative linguistic practices of the language such as greetings, small talks, discussion, interview, narrative, description, explanation, teaching, procedural, talks of a chief, speech, formal address, curing and magic, songs including lexicon of the Komo people and  The grammatical description of the language such as phonology, morphology and syntax. Tesfaye’s PhD proposal presentation 19 Continues to the next page

20 Research Description  The actual research process and activities can be outlined as follows:  Review of previous linguistic surveys and publications.  Undertaking extensive fieldworks for several months.  Recording, organizing and analyzing linguistic data and writing up of the grammar.  Carry out audio and video documentation of linguistic practices.  The linguistic practices will be transferred to a computerized data base  The analysis will be made using different software like VertualDub,Audacity for video and audio editing, Praat for phonetic analysis, Toolbox for lexicon, Arbill for metadata, and ELAN for annotation, transcription, linguistic and ethnographic glossing and commentary.  WAV and MPEG2/MPEG4 format will be used for audio and video archiving respectively.

21 Research Methods  This project aims at documenting linguistic practices of the Komo people and grammatical description of the language based on a documentary corpus.  The data collecting tools are elicitation, interview, focus group discussion and observations.  To make a comprehensive documentation of Komo, a wide range of linguistic corpora will be collected and analyzed.  Linguistic elicitation sessions will be conducted with the native speakers, individually and in groups.  The lexical data will include words of certain semantic fields such as body parts, place names, flora and fauna, kinship terms etc.  The linguistic data will be collected for the purpose of analyzing the phonological, morphological and syntactic structure of Komo and could consist of inflectional paradigms, derived morphological forms and elicited simple and complex sentences. Tesfaye’s PhD proposal presentation 21 Continued to the next page

22 Cont’d Research Methods  About 20 hours of audio and video recordings of texts which cover extensive range of language genres will be collected  About one hour of representatives of each of these recorded and collected linguistic corpora will be annotated and accompanied by transcription, translation and where necessary, comments on the content and linguistic phenomena will be made.  All these audio and video recordings and photographs will be transferred to a computerized data base. phonemic IPA symbols  The texts collected in Komo to be investigated will be transcribed by using phonemic IPA symbols, together with the English translation for each line.  These multilingual transcriptions should consist of a phonemic transcription of the language speech recorded and documented using IPA characters. Tesfaye’s PhD proposal presentation 22 Continued to the next page

23 Cont’d Research Methods  Different softwares will be used to analyze the data. These data analysis devises are described as follows.  VertualDub and Audacity will be used for video and audio editing respectively. The main reason of editing here is to create manageable chunks, file size and for the exact synchronization of the video and Audio files. The format of the audio and video file will be WAV and MPEG2/MPEG4 for archiving.  The edited sound files and the video files will be imported to and synchronized in ELAN for annotation, transcription, linguistic and ethnographic glossing and commentary.  The audio file will also be imported to Praat for phonetic analysis.  Toolbox will also be used for documenting lexical items.  The video and audio data will also be inserted into Arbill for metadata. Tesfay’s PhD proposal presentation 23 Continued to the next page

24 Cont’d Research Methods  Finally, the annotated and transcribed recordings will be sent to  ELAR (Endangered Language Archive) or  DoBeS (DOkumentation BEdrohter Sprachen; Documentation of endangered languages) for archiving.  The copy will be presented to Addis Ababa University and  to the local community. Tesfaye’s PhD proposal presentation 24 Continued to the next page

25 The Workflow of the Documentation The following diagram shows my preference of program, the workflow of the document and the place of archiving. PRAAT ELAN Arbill Import Export AAU Archive ELAR/DOBES Community Toolbox Tesfaye’s PhD proposal presentation 37 Continued to the next page Paper and Audio Recorder/ WESAY

26 Ethical Consideration  Generally, the guidelines for ethical issues of this project will seek to ensure that:  Avoiding harm: information which is provided by an individual is not made public in a way that is harmful either to himself/herself or to others;  Informed consent: Before my work gets under way, I will provide useful information about my project to people from whom I am going to gather data.  Voluntary participation: anybody should be free to agree to participate in the project without any pressure, and he or she will be free to withdraw from participation at any time without having to offer any explanation for his/her decision.  Money and fieldwork: The payment should not be too high and too low as the time, their contribution to the project and the local payments are taken into account. (Crowley 2007:24) Tesfaye’s PhD proposal presentation 26

27 Your advice, please …  My - Thank you !!!


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