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International Aviation and Climate Change: The ICAO Contribution Jane Hupe Chief, Environment Branch ICAO.

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Presentation on theme: "International Aviation and Climate Change: The ICAO Contribution Jane Hupe Chief, Environment Branch ICAO."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Aviation and Climate Change: The ICAO Contribution Jane Hupe Chief, Environment Branch ICAO

2 Setting the Scene Fast, reliable, and safe mode of transport Responsible for 4-8% of global economy No comparative alternatives for long haul pax transport 2.3 billion pax/year carried worldwide Scheduled pax traffic worldwide forecast to grow at 4.6% per year Aircraft produced today are 70% more fuel efficient than 40 years ago First sector with a special IPCC report (1999) Global GHG Emissions by Sector, 2004 Aviation’s Global CO 2 Emissions, 2000 (Int’l Aviation’s Contribution was ~1.2%) Global Transportation CO 2 Emissions, 2000 Source: IPCC Residential and Commercial Buildings Transport Forestry Industry Energy Supply Waste and Wastewater Agriculture Aviation Other RoadGlobal CO 2 Emissions Aviation CO 2 Emissions 2

3 ICAO’s Three Environmental Goals for Civil Aviation Reduce the number of people exposed to significant noise Reduce the impact of aviation emissions on local air quality Reduce the impact of aviation emissions on the global climate (Let’s focus on progress achieved in regard to the third goal.) 3

4 Since ICAO last Assembly: develop, organize, facilitate, set, innovate, assess, approve, publish, investigate, promote, support, lead by consensus, communicate, analyze, establish, disseminate, encourage, design, achieve, etc. ICAO—No progress? 4 CAEP/8 GIACC DGCIC Meetings ICAO Carbon Emissions Calculator Standards, Guidances, Reports, Studies CAEP Working Group COP 15 Alternatives Fuels ICAO Programme of Action on International Aviation and Climate Change Data Collection High Level Meeting

5 ICAO’s Three Years of Achievement 2007 ICAO Assembly mandates formation of Group on International Aviation and Climate Change (GIACC) and High-level Meeting (HLM) to develop concrete proposals in connection with the UNFCCC process 5

6 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2008 GIACC explores three elements of ICAO Programme of Action: 1.Global aspirational fuel-efficiency goals 2.Measures to achieve emissions reductions 3.Measures and metrics to monitor progress 6

7 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2009 HLM develops only globally-harmonized agreement by any sector on CO2 emissions: 1.2% annual fuel efficiency improvement 2.CO2 standard for aircraft 3.Decision to develop framework for market- based measures 4.Measures to assist developing States 7

8 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2009 (Cont’d) 5. Collection by ICAO of international civil aviation emissions data 6. Submission to ICAO of States’ Voluntary Action Plans on Emissions Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels establishes ICAO Global Framework for Aviation Alternative Fuels 8

9 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2010 The Organization, States and industry continue to 1.Explore feasibility of more ambitious goals 2.Develop a framework for market-based measures in international aviation 3.Elaborate on measures to assist States 9

10 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2010 (Cont’d) CAEP 8 ICAO Colloquium on Aviation and Climate Change Further assessments Cooperation with financial institutions Global Framework on Alternative Aviation Fuels 10

11 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2010 (Cont’d) Action plans Proposal for new policy Launch of second ICAO Environmental Report 11

12 Three Underlying Determinants of ICAO’s Actions A sense of responsibility  ICAO’s commitment to environmental protection predates both Rio 92 and UNFCCC A culture of leadership  # of firsts; wide UN use of carbon calculator A commitment to partnership  UNFCCC, States, industry, UN system, NGOs 12

13 What We Can Expect Assembly to decide on the way forward: Medium-term global goal Process for elaboration on a long-term global goal Framework for market-based measures Assistance for States States’ action plans 13

14 Looking Ahead 2010 Challenges: Assembly and UNFCCC, then… Assembly sets a new work programme CAEP work will continue/intensify Facilitate alternative fuels development/deployment Coordinate/cooperate with other UN bodies (New climate agreement) Sustainability of aviation

15 More information on ICAO 'activities NEW ICAO Environmental Report 30 Sept THANK YOU www. icao.int 15


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