Presentation on theme: "International Aviation and Climate Change: The ICAO Contribution"— Presentation transcript:
1 International Aviation and Climate Change: The ICAO Contribution Jane HupeChief, Environment BranchICAO
2 Setting the Scene Fast, reliable, and safe mode of transport Responsible for 4-8% of global economyNo comparative alternatives for long haul pax transport2.3 billion pax/year carried worldwideScheduled pax traffic worldwide forecast to grow at 4.6% per yearAircraft produced today are 70% more fuel efficient than 40 years agoFirst sector with a special IPCC report (1999)Aviation’s Global CO2 Emissions, 2000(Int’l Aviation’s Contribution was ~1.2%)Global GHG Emissions by Sector, 2004Global Transportation CO2 Emissions, 2000Residential and Commercial BuildingsAviation CO2 EmissionsAviationAgricultureWaste and WastewaterTransportOtherForestryRoadGlobal CO2 EmissionsEnergy SupplySource: IPCCIndustry
3 ICAO’s Three Environmental Goals for Civil Aviation Reduce the number of people exposed to significant noiseReduce the impact of aviation emissions on local air qualityReduce the impact of aviation emissions on the global climate(Let’s focus on progress achieved in regard to the third goal.)
4 ICAO—No progress?Since ICAO last Assembly: develop, organize, facilitate, set, innovate, assess, approve, publish, investigate, promote, support, lead by consensus, communicate, analyze, establish, disseminate, encourage, design, achieve, etc.CAEP Working GroupGIACCDGCIC MeetingsCOP 15Standards, Guidances, Reports, StudiesCAEP/8High Level MeetingICAO Carbon Emissions CalculatorICAO’s roleI would put here the text from Mai on the leadership of ICAOSome recent achievements on aviation emissions are noteworthy such asDeveloped a global framework - 3 key elements:Global aspirational goals for international aviation sector;Measures taken by States to reduce aviation emissions; andMonitoring and implementation framework (reporting mechanism)High Level Meeting Declaration:Global 2% annual fuel efficiency improvementExploration of more ambitious goalsCO2 Standard and further operational changesFramework for market-based measuresAlternatives FuelsData CollectionICAO Programme of Action on International Aviation and Climate Change
5 ICAO’s Three Years of Achievement 2007ICAO Assembly mandates formation of Group on International Aviation and Climate Change (GIACC) and High-level Meeting (HLM) to develop concrete proposals in connection with the UNFCCC process
6 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2008GIACC explores three elements of ICAO Programme of Action:Global aspirational fuel-efficiency goalsMeasures to achieve emissions reductionsMeasures and metrics to monitor progress
7 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2009HLM develops only globally-harmonized agreement by any sector on CO2 emissions:2% annual fuel efficiency improvementCO2 standard for aircraftDecision to develop framework for market-based measuresMeasures to assist developing States
8 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 5. Collection by ICAO of international civil aviation emissions data6. Submission to ICAO of States’ Voluntary Action Plans on EmissionsConference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels establishes ICAO Global Framework for Aviation Alternative Fuels
9 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) 2010The Organization, States and industry continue toExplore feasibility of more ambitious goalsDevelop a framework for market-based measures in international aviationElaborate on measures to assist States
10 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) CAEP 8ICAO Colloquium on Aviation and Climate ChangeFurther assessmentsCooperation with financial institutionsGlobal Framework on Alternative Aviation Fuels
11 Three Years of Achievement (Cont’d) Action plansProposal for new policyLaunch of second ICAO Environmental Report
12 Three Underlying Determinants of ICAO’s Actions A sense of responsibilityICAO’s commitment to environmental protection predates both Rio 92 and UNFCCCA culture of leadership# of firsts; wide UN use of carbon calculatorA commitment to partnershipUNFCCC, States, industry, UN system, NGOs
13 What We Can Expect Assembly to decide on the way forward: Medium-term global goalProcess for elaboration on a long-term global goalFramework for market-based measuresAssistance for StatesStates’ action plans
14 Looking Ahead 2010 Challenges: Assembly and UNFCCC, then… Assembly sets a new work programmeCAEP work will continue/intensifyFacilitate alternative fuels development/deploymentCoordinate/cooperate with other UN bodies (New climate agreement)Sustainability of aviation2010 has been and will continue to be a very busy year.The Secretariat is preparing a number of papers aimed at informing on the Assembly on matters related to environmental protection. Those include reporting on environmental trends, alternative fuels, an update on activities in other UN bodies, the Climate Neutral UN initiative, the outcomes of the CAEP/8 meeting, and a separate paper on international aviation and climate change.I don’t have a crystal ball, but it doesn’t take one to know that in 2011 we will have a new work program as established by the Assembly. I’m quite confident that environmental issues will remain among the organization’s priorities.We also can expect that the 3 year CAEP work program that was established in February will continue.As presented earlier, the development of sustainable alternative fuels for aviation is underway. The recent ASTM D-1655 approval was the result of a collaborative effort between fuel producers, aircraft and engine manufacturers, and aircraft operators. With the green light that drop-in alternative fuels can be used, if they were available. ICAO has been in discussions with regional banks to facilitate access to financing the significant start up costs that can be a barrier for making the everyday use of those fuels a reality. We expect those discussions to advance substantially over the next year.And, perhaps we will have a new climate agreement.
15 More information on ICAO 'activities NEW ICAO Environmental Report30 Sept. 2010THANK YOUwww. icao.intSlide 11 More information on ICAO’s activitiesThank you gain for the opportunity to join the panel, at this point I’d be happy to take any questions.