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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 16: Health Care Communication.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 16: Health Care Communication."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 16: Health Care Communication

2 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Process Sender: person who transmits message Message: information sender conveys Receiver: person who gets message Feedback: evaluation to ensure message was understood Channel: medium by which message is sent

3 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Process (cont’d) Flow of communication between a medical assistant and a patient

4 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes Verbal Communication –General recommendations Always use a polite tone Always use proper English Speak respectfully Avoid using overly technical vocabulary

5 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Verbal Communication (cont’d) –Factors Language Manner & tone Verbal encouragement Humor

6 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Verbal Communication (cont’d) –Non-language sounds Sighs Sobs Laughs Grunts

7 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Verbal Communication (cont’d) –Assertive communication Have empathy Describe feelings or the situation Clarify expectations Anticipate consequences

8 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Verbal Communication (cont’d) –Active listening Give your full attention to the person speaking Don’t interrupt Pay attention to the speaker’s body language & nonverbal cues

9 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Nonverbal Communication –Eye contact Shows interest in other person Lends sense of truthfulness to your message In other cultures, may have negative connotation

10 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Nonverbal Communication (cont’d) –Kinesics or body movement Facial expressions Gestures Eye movement

11 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Nonverbal Communication (cont’d) –Proxemics or personal space Larger when talking to a stranger Becomes smaller the better you know someone Typically larger between two men than between two women Differs from culture to culture

12 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Nonverbal Communication (cont’d) –Touch Can create either positive or negative feelings Watch for nonverbal cues that show how the patient feels about being touched Maintain proper personal space, position, & posture Observe patient’s facial expressions & posture

13 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Written Communication –Types Agendas for meetings Letters Messages Patient charts

14 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Written Communication (cont’d) –Guidelines for writing Be concise Use language all parties will understand Use proper grammar Check spelling

15 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Written Communication (cont’d) –Organizational strategies for writing Chronological Problem-oriented Comparison

16 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Modes (cont’d) Written Communication (cont’d) –Medical writing: things to pay attention to Spelling Capitalization Abbreviations & symbols Numbers

17 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication With Patients Patient Interviews –General guidelines Listen actively Ask appropriate questions Record information accurately Protect patient’s privacy Be organized Avoid attending to distractions Let patient know who will see her next & when

18 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication With Patients (cont’d) Patient Interviews (cont’d) –Basic interview techniques Reflecting Paraphrasing Clarification Open-ended questioning Summarizing Silences

19 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication With Patients (cont’d) Patient Interviews (cont’d) –New patient interviews Patient’s medical & family history Brief review of body systems Patient’s social history Patient’s medications

20 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication With Patients (cont’d) Patient Interviews (cont’d) –Established patient interviews Review patient’s chart for health problems Ask questions about current medical problems & changes in health Ask about known allergies Record patient information

21 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication With Patients (cont’d) Patient Education –Assess –Plan –Implement –Evaluate –Document

22 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication With Patients (cont’d) Example of a pictogram that might be given to patients to help them understand medication administration

23 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Recording and Reporting Record patient information completely & precisely Record information only in secure & appropriate locations Record any action you take concerning a patient

24 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Communication Challenges Medical terminology unfamiliar to patient Distractions: pain, hunger, noisy environment Language barriers Hearing impairment Cognitive impairment Anger or upset Grief

25 Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Telephone Manners Answer phone promptly—by second ring, if possible Identify yourself & your office to caller Speak politely Never put a caller on hold immediately after answering


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