Readings pp. 8-10 (harmony) pp. 45; 24, 42, 55, 61, 67, 74, 89 (texture) pp. 56; 33, 45, 56 (form)
Harmony Two or more pitches played at the same time
Harmony Key/Tonality - the idea of building a piece of music around a central or “ home sound ”
Harmony Consonance - stability. Pitch combinations that sound pleasant or stable Dissonance - instability. Pitch combinations that sound unpleasant or unstable
Harmony Scale - a series of pitches played in order from low to high or high to low. Major Scale - do re mi fa sol la ti do.The most common musical "menu" from which to choose pitches. Minor Scale - The scale with a darker quality, often times more emotional.
Harmony Drone - one repeated pitch among other changing pitches - more of a "folksy" quality.
Texture The interweaving of melody and harmony Monophonic - one unaccompanied melody Homophonic - one melody with some type of accompaniment (most common texture) Polyphonic - two or more melodies at the same time.May be with or without accompaniment. This is "the crowning achievement of Western Music".
Form Form can be followed by identifying repetition, variation, and contrast. Repetition - literal repeats of the same material. Contrast - completely new material from the first musical idea Variation - when the original material is slightly changed to create interest The above three methods used in conjunction are the methods used in achieving musical interest.
Form Theme - the tune in classical music.Not just repeated, but expanded and "developed"
Form Thematic development - when a theme is fragmented and used in different ways. Motive - a fragment of a melody.Very little piece that is recognizable, but not as long as a phrase. Sequence - the repetition of a motive at a higher or lower pitch. Ostinato - a short musical pattern that is repeated over and over as the basis of a musical composition.
Classic vs. Romantic Classic - form, symmetry, balance, emotional detachment. Adoration of the Magi by Botticelli Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David