Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Prohibition Era History Time Line Organized OrganizedCrime Review /Quiz Review /Quiz StAIR Info Assignment.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Prohibition Era History Time Line Organized OrganizedCrime Review /Quiz Review /Quiz StAIR Info Assignment."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Prohibition Era History Time Line Organized OrganizedCrime Review /Quiz Review /Quiz StAIR Info Assignment

3 The Road to Prohibition Many people felt that alcohol was the root of many of societies problems. – Problems were beating their wives and children and too much money being spent on alcohol. – So, they felt that if you get rid of alcohol, then many of society’s problems would go away. – Women were part of the big push for prohibition Once you have read the information, please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >>

4 18 th Amendment Early in 1919, Congress 18th Amendment which made the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol illegal. This meant that you could no longer buy, sell or make alcohol legally in the U.S. The question that you must ask yourself is, would making alcohol illegal actually make people stop drinking? Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >> Previous page

5 Fighting illegal alcohol Volstead Act: Created the Prohibition Bureau. Federal agency whose job was to enforce the 18 th amendment. Federal agency whose job was to enforce the 18 th amendment. Primary failed because of high levels of corruption and because it was undermanned and underfunded. Primary failed because of high levels of corruption and because it was undermanned and underfunded. Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >> Previous page

6 Police Corruption Illegal alcohol businesses thrived as a result of all the corruption in police departments. In certain precincts in Chicago, all police from beat cops to the commander were bribed. Police were not paid very well at that time – Bribes were for a simple warning phone call or ignoring the sale of alcohol at a bar or restaurant. Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >> Previous page

7 Speakeasy Society Speakeasy = Underground club or restaurant where illegal alcohol is sold – It could be simple like the back room of a restaurant – Or more elaborate like a full fledge nightclub with live music and dancing including dinner. They were left alone as long as they paid off the police. Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >> Previous page

8 21 st Amendment Canceled the 18 th amendment and ended prohibition. The 1920’s showed that prohibition did not work. – Alcohol was still sold and it brought on a new wave of violence associated with organized crime. As the Great Depression began, support for prohibition was kept going down. – Some people felt that if you legalized it you could tax it and the government would have more money. Please click on the arrow and watch the short video. >> Previous page

9 Prohibition Video Click the video for it to begin to play Watch the video for extra information and then please click on the arrow and go to the next slide and answer the review questions. >>

10 Review Question (Applause means you got it correct – No sound equals incorrect) What agency, law, or amendment created the Prohibition Bureau? 19 th Amendment Volstead Act Capone act 18 th Amendment Once you find the correct answer, please click on the arrow and go to the next question. >> Previous page

11 Review Question (Applause means you got it correct – No sound equals incorrect) What was the name of underground clubs that sold illegal alcohol during prohibition? Backroom Clubs Speakeasies Beer Saloons Saloons Once you find the correct answer, please click the Home button at the top left and then click the timeline tab on the main page to continue the presentation.

12 Prohibition Timeline /16/1919 – 18 th Amendment is passed which made Alcohol consumption is how illegal 1851 – First Prohibition law is passed in Maine 1869 – Prohibition party is founded 1920 – Volstead Act sets up Prohibition Bureau to stop illegal alcohol 1893 = Anti- Saloon league is formed 12/5/19133 – 21st Amendment is passed – Alcohol once again becomes legal 1920’s – Gangsters like Al Capone begin to make large sums of money on illegal alcohol U.S. Senate passes Volstead Act which was the first step in passing the 18 th Amendment Read the information from this timeline and then click on the arrow to go to a few review questions. >>

13 Timeline Question (Applause means you got it correct – No sound equals incorrect) Who passed the Volstead Act? House of Representatives Senate Supreme Court President Find the correct answer to the question and then please click on the arrow and go to the next question. >>

14 Timeline Question (Applause means you got it correct – No sound equals incorrect) The first prohibition law was passed in what state? New York Maine Vermont Massachusetts Click Home button at the top left after you find the answer to this question and move on to Organized Crime tab on the main page. Back to timeline

15 Alphonse Capone Capone began his rise in the Colosimo Crime Family of Chicago. In 1924, he became boss and built a 60 million a year empire through violence and corruption. Prohibition agents tried to convict him but were unsuccessful. Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >>

16 The Downfall of Al Capone Capone was connected to many murders and ran an illegal alcohol empire – He avoided conviction through intimidation, violence and bribery. Capone would go to jail for tax evasion. – Found guilty of five counts of tax evasion and failing to file tax returns He was sentenced to 11 years and served part of it at Alcatraz penitentiary. Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >>

17 The Mafia and Prohibition Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >> Previous page Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >> Watch the first five minutes of the video and then please click on the arrow and go to the next slide. >> Previous page

18 More Gangsters Johnny Torrio – Johnny Torrio – Al Capone’s mentor. He killed James Colosimo and took over his criminal empire in early He led the family to great fortune but retired in Bugs Moran – Bugs Moran – Head of a North Chicago gang and rival of Al Capone. It was Moran’s men who were killed at the famous Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre. His power disappeared with the end of prohibition.Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre Lucky Luciano – Lucky Luciano – Considered the father of modern organized crime for splitting New York City into five different mafia families and set up the first commission of all five families. Please click on the arrow and go to the next slide to answer a few review questions on Organized Crime. >>

19 Review of Organized Crime (Applause means correct answer - no sound on click means answer is incorrect) Al Capone was convicted and sentence to 11 years in prison for which crime. Bribes Tax evasion Murder Selling illegal alcohol Once you find the correct answer to the question, please click on the arrow and go to the next question. >>

20 Review of Organized Crime (Applause means correct answer - no sound on click means answer is incorrect) Who was Al Capone’s Chicago rival? Lucky Luciano Bugs Moran Johnny Torrio Big Bill Thompson After finding the correct answer to this question, click Home button at the top left and move on to the review/quiz tab on the main page.

21 Content Review Which amendment ended prohibition and once again made alcohol legal in the U.S.? 21st 5th 19th 18th Based on what you have learned in class and have read in this presentation, choose the correct answer by clicking on it. Then move on to the next question.

22 Sorry but that was in incorrect, please try again.

23 Correct! During the Great Depression, support for prohibition fell and the 21 st amendment made alcohol legal once again. Click the arrow below to move on to the next question.

24 Content Review The Prohibition Bureau primarily failed because of high levels of corruption and It was undermanned and underfunded It was undermanned and underfunded Because Bugs Moran was in charge Because Bugs Moran was in charge Each state had its own prohibition bureau Each state had its own prohibition bureau As a result of bad leadership As a result of bad leadership Based on what you have learned in class and have read in this presentation, choose the correct answer by clicking on it. Then move on to the next question.

25 Sorry but that was in incorrect, please try again.

26 Correct! Illegal alcohol was sold all over the country and they needed more money and agents to be able to efficiently fight it. Click the arrow below to move on to the next question.

27 Content Review How did Al Capone get his $60 million a year empire? Violence and corruption Bought it from Johnny Torrio Bought it from Johnny Torrio Hard work and perseverance Hard work and perseverance Working with police to put his competitors out of business Working with police to put his competitors out of business Based on what you have learned in class and have read in this presentation, choose the correct answer by clicking on it. Then move on to the next question.

28 Sorry but that was in incorrect, please try again.

29 Correct! Al Capone had a good public image because he donated money to charities and treated people well but he was ruthless in business. He did not have a problem killing any of his competitors if it helped grow his empire. He bribed police, judges, prosecutors, and juries to avoid being convicted. Click the arrow below to move on to the next question.

30 Content Review Who was considered the father of modern Organized Crime? Lucky Luciano Al Capone Johnny Torrio Bugs Moran Based on what you have learned in class and have read in this presentation, choose the correct answer by clicking on it. Then move on to the next question.

31 Sorry but that was in incorrect, please try again.

32 Correct! Lucky Luciano organized a system of five different crime families running New York City. Then he created a commission where the heads of these five families could meet together for business or settle disagreements. You are now done with the practice questions, click the bottom arrow to move on to the quiz.

33 Prohibition Quiz Now that you have gone through several Review questions, lets find out how many of those same questions you can answer. No more looking back at the information. Go to the next slide and answer the following questions and them to me.

34 Prohibition Quiz True/False Questions: Next to each question, type True or False as your answer. 1.__________ - The 18 th amendment officially repealed prohibition and made alcohol legal once again. 2.__________ - Al Capone made his alcohol empire through violence and corruption. 3.__________ - Johnny Torrio was Al Capone’s mentor. 4.__________ - Speakeasies were factories where alcohol was illegal produced for gangsters like Al Capone. 5.__________ - The prohibition movement was rooted on the idea that alcohol was the root of many of societies problems. 6.__________ - The Volstead Act allowed authorities to put Al Capone in jail for not paying his taxes. 7.__________ - The Prohibition Bureau failed because of corruption and because it was undermanned and underfunded. 8.__________ - Lucky Luciano was Al Capone’s rival in Chicago. 9.__________ - During prohibition, alcohol was mostly sold in hidden back rooms where the police could find them. 10.__________ - Police corruption played a very little role in rise of organized crime in illegal alcohol. Copy and paste your questions/answers and them to

35 Good Job!! You are now done with your quiz. Make sure you me the quiz with your name on it and period. Click the arrow at the bottom to go to your assignment on prohibition.

36 StAIR Information Focus of StAIR – This StAIR will focus on the prohibition era in United States during the 1920s. It will focus on how the 18 th amendment led to criminals finding a new source of income, organized crime growing, and a rise in corruption in city/state politics. Unit of study – Postwar WWI America Standards – 11.5 Students analyze the major political, social, economic, technological, and cultural developments of the 1920s. 3. Examine the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution and the Volstead Act (Prohibition). Objectives – SWBAT (Student will be able to) Know what led the U.S. to pass the 18 th amendment (prohibition). Understand what18 th amendment was and how it changed American society in the 1920s. Recite all the new problems that resulted from prohibition. Discuss what led to the end of prohibition with the passing of the 21 st amendment. Citations of images Citations for sources

37 Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre One of the worst examples of violence associated with prohibition happened on 2/14/1929 when Al Capone’s men executed 7 members of Bugs Moran’s North Chicago gang. Two of Capone’s men were dressed as police officers and had Moran’s men line up against the wall. Then Capone’s men opened fire with Tommy machine guns and tore the bodies up leaving some unrecognizable.

38 Prohibition Assignment Create an Outline of Chapter 13, Section one. – Read the section about prohibition (Ch.13, Sect. 1) – Use your outline format to create your outline – Due ________________ – If you do not have your outline format with you or you lost it, just click on the link below and you can get it online. Outline format

39 Citations of Images a_Sign.jpg a_Sign.jpg Remember-Prohibition.jpg Remember-Prohibition.jpg family--large-msg jpg family--large-msg jpg YUSs7DgQJeY/Tm9hr7GMoDI/AAAAAAAABdM/YAqOHJSElgw/s400/English+ Assignment+Help.png YUSs7DgQJeY/Tm9hr7GMoDI/AAAAAAAABdM/YAqOHJSElgw/s400/English+ Assignment+Help.png The rest of the images are linked to their source

40 Instructions for StAIR As you go through this StAIR, you will be learning about the prohibition era in the U.S. Start on the top right with the “History” tab and begin reading some information on prohibition. Follow the directions at the bottom of each slide. Eventually go will go through all of the tabs on the main page. Make sure you go in order.

41 Sources "Prohibition Era Timeline." About.com American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Aug "Al Capone." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 08 June Web. 13 Aug Buchanan, Edna. "LUCKY LUCIANO: Criminal Mastermind." Time Magazine U.S. Time Magazine U.S., 07 Dec Web. 13 Aug "George "Bugs" Moran." George "Bugs" Moran. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Aug Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, Print. The majority of information used for the slides came from memory. I learned some in my University history classes and the rest from reading of the topic over several years. So in order to give some sources, I went online and into my textbook to find some sources that also had the information that I used.


Download ppt "Prohibition Era History Time Line Organized OrganizedCrime Review /Quiz Review /Quiz StAIR Info Assignment."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google