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1 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin www.fu-berlin.de/allgpsy SoSe2009 1 Introduction - outline Lecture: 1) History 2)

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Presentation on theme: "1 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin www.fu-berlin.de/allgpsy SoSe2009 1 Introduction - outline Lecture: 1) History 2)"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe Introduction - outline Lecture: 1) History 2) Neurocognitive Methods 3) Working Memory Framework 4) Vision 5) Hearing, Speech & Language 6) Learning & Memory 7) Emotion & Social Cognition 8) Consciousness Exam: Mo , 120min Uhr, HS 1b

2 2 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe2009 Exam information Exam: Mo , 120min Uhr, HS 1b lecture: 20p (2/3) -10 short questions/ multiple choice á 1p - 2 open questions á 5p seminar: 10p (1/3) - 5 short questions/ multiple choice á 1p - 1 open question á 5p

3 3 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe Introduction 1.invitation to mind-brain sciences 2.the brain from different perspectives 3.brief historical review of mind brain sciences

4 4 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe Methods 1.Single Cell Recordings 2.EEG & ERP 3.MEG 4.MRI & fMRI 5.TMS 6.(Eyetracking)

5 5 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe Methods 1.Single Cell Recordings -the active brain -Hubel & Wiesel -temporal & spatial coding -grandmother cells

6 6 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe Methods 2. EEG & ERP -EEG brain waves -ERP components -time-frequency analysis

7 7 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe Methods 4. MRI & fMRI -MRI basic principles -voxel-based morphometry -fMRI: BOLD & HRF -PET vs fMRI -subtraction logic -beyond cognitive subtraction -bock & event-related designs -future directions of functional imaging

8 8 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe working memory framework 1.modal memory model 2.working memory (Baddeley) 3.WM capacity 4.measuring WM 5.modality specifity of WM 6.WM & episodic buffer 7.Fuster‘s Perception Action Cycle

9 9 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe vision Vision -early visual processing -ventral & dorsal pathway -object recognition -vision & modality specifity -blindsight, agnosia & neglect -visual experience (binocular rivalry) -visual awareness

10 10 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe hearing, speech and language 1. Hearing -auditory what & where pathway 2. Speech -units of speech -speech perception: lack of invariance & motor theory -functional mapping of speech-specific processes -Damage to speech perceptual systems -Poeppel‘s model of speech perception -music perception -auditory awareness -auditory imagery -cohort model -Broca‘s area, language and beyond

11 11 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe hearing, speech and language 2. Speech -meaning of words -meaning of words: categorical specifity -sentences: syntax processing -senteces: ERP compoents 3. Language -word superiority effect -eye movements in reading -visual word recognition -visual word form area -dual route model & dyslexia

12 12 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe2009 -Introduction -Amnesia -Memories are made of this consolidation -Varieties of memory familiarity & recollection forgetting -MTL in explicit learning and memory -Prefrontal cortex, consciousness and working memory -Retrieval and metacognition 6 learning & memory

13 13 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe2009 -definitions the triune brain papez circuit & limbic system -Panksepp’s emotional brain systems -the FEAR system amygdala -LeDoux’s high & low road -Controversy on Amygdala functions -other brain areas involved in emotion processing -cognition-emotion-interactions -self regulation & neurofeedback -the SEEKING system 7 emotion

14 14 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe2009 Social Cognition -Introduction -Theory of Mind theory of mind module -Mirror neurons -Eye detection and gaze direction -Shared attention -Higher-order theory of mind abilities -Face Perception -Autism -Empathy 8 Social cognition

15 15 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe ) What are the basic units of analysis for speech? Name 5 different basic units. -> 1p 2) Briefly describe the lack of invariance in speech processing. -> 1p 3) Fill in the missing EEG brain waves and frequency ranges! -> 1p There are five different brain waves – Beta which we operate in most of the time (??? Hz), ??? which is a much more relaxed state (7.5-13Hz), Theta which is an even slower state that is often a product of REM sleep (???) but can also be entered into through tasks that are so automatic they don’t engage our immediate attention such a driving or taking a bath. ??? brain waves are even slower than Theta (0.5-4Hz) and are found in deep sleep. ??? are very fast brain waves that we know the least about (??? Hz). sample questions - short

16 16 Neurocognitive Psychology Dr. Lars Kuchinke Freie Universität Berlin SoSe2009 1) Broca’s area and the surrounding left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) are the proposed basis of different cognitive functions. a)Name at least three different functions, and describe one in more detail? b) Describe a neurocognitive study that provides evidence for LIFG involvement in language processing c) What is meant by the ‘convergence zone’ metaphor of LIFG? -> 5p 2) Name and describe 5 different components of the ERP. What exactly is the ERP, and how is it computed? Do you know a study that selectively increased one component of the ERP? -> 5p sample questions - open


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