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Early Marriage and Women’s Reproductive Vulnerability Dr. Hind Abou Seoud Khattab ESPSRH - May 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Marriage and Women’s Reproductive Vulnerability Dr. Hind Abou Seoud Khattab ESPSRH - May 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Marriage and Women’s Reproductive Vulnerability Dr. Hind Abou Seoud Khattab ESPSRH - May 2014

2 SOCIO CULTURAL PROFILE

3 Research Cases 300 women in the reproductive age (15-49) years were subjected to an in-depth focused interview. In 3 Rural sites and 3 squatter sites Rural sites: المنيا كفرحميد والعزيزية بالجيزة - تل العمارنة Squatter sites : منشاة ناصر بالقاهرة - شبرا الخيمة بالقليوبية – العامرية بالاسكندرية ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

4 Marital Status Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

5 Age at Marriage Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

6 Education of the Total Interviewed Women Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

7 Education of the Interviewed Women Married below 18 Year ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

8 As the highest level of education in 4 of the 6 research sites was preparatory. Many families in rural sites were afraid of sending their daughters to schools outside the village for higher grades of education fearing from lack of security or of being subjected to harassing. ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

9 Premarital Screening Although the majority of women assured that the premarital screening is important, only 14% confirmed they had done it. ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

10 Age at First Pregnancy As 132 women had married below the age of 18 years, it was not surprising that many women had their first pregnancy below 18 years. 75 per cent of those women had their first pregnancy in the age range of years. Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

11 Duration of Time between Marriage and First Pregnancy Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

12 Age at Marriage and Number of Pregnancies ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

13 Women Working before Marriage One third of the women were working before marriage They worked in factories or in kindergartens, or as teachers, employees at the government, and some women were selling vegetables or groceries, or were farmers. ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

14 Working after Marriage The reasons for discontinuing Her husband did not want her to work To take care of her children The work place was too for The reasons for continuing To help her husband Life is difficult Did not earn enough money To save money for her children To assist her family Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

15 Knowledge before Marriage about Reproductive Health Concept Information Pregnancy Breast feeding Labor Sexual relations Contraceptive methods Sources of information Family members (60%) The media (21%) The school (19%) General knowledge (4%) ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

16 Knowledge before Marriage about Problems Related to Early Pregnancy Information Weak health and malnutrition for mother and child Bleeding, miscarriage Cesarean section Fetal death ESPSRH-May 2014 Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites

17 Currently Performing Household Duties Why not performing household duties as before? I always feel tired and dizzy I have many responsibilities No one helps me Because of many pregnancies and many children I am depressed Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

18 Satisfaction with Current Life Why not happy? Cannot deal with my husband, there is no love, a traditional marriage, did not know him before marriage. He hurts me, he takes his own decisions and does not consult me. I live with his family, do not have a separate place. I have many responsibilities. There is not enough money, everything is expensive. Early Marriage and Women's Reproductive Vulnerability Socio-Cultural Profile of Interviewed Women in Rural and Squatter Sites ESPSRH-May 2014

19 CONCLUSION

20 Early married women were less educated and had more children. Knowledge before marriage about reproductive health concept was limited among interviewed women, and the main source of information was the mother or other family members. The impact of early marriage extends to affect women’s choices, education, social and psychological health. Early marriage represents an obstacle to the development goal, as preventing women from integrating in education and work and can pause many burdens on the country’s economy.

21 Thank you


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