7Hypnosis—OfficeSpace Complete Handout 5-12Hypnosis DemonstrationHypnosis=power of suggestion
8Research backed ideas: Ability to be hypnotized does not indicate gullibilityParticipants retain ability to control behaviorPosthypnotic amnesia is rareNot dangerous when practiced by a clinicianCan’t re-experience childhood eventsIs considered effective treatment for some disorders
9Meditation/Imagery Psychology Today: Science and Meditation Mental Rehearsal & Performance
12Take Sleep IQ Test (in sleep packet) Adult average score=5.5
13Naps When do you get the most drowsy? Socio-cultural perspective? Research?Those is isolation for weeks slept at night and napped in the afternoon3, 30 minute naps/week were associated with 37% reduction in deaths from heart disease (23,000 participants)Stress and sleep?
14Sleep—another 1/3 of our lives Adenosine—chemical that triggers sleepinessMelatonin—hormone regulates circadian rhythms.Disturbed circadian rhythms=hormone adjustments
18Duration of Stages Stage 1: lasts only a few moments Stage 2: 45-50% Stage 3 & 4: dominate first half of night…REM and 2 dominate the restREM: 20-25% of night…paralysis, heightened brain activity…1st dream = appox. 10 minSleep cycle occurs approx 4-5 times per night and lasts 90 minutes.
19Dream Theories Daniel Tosh track “The royal road to the unconscious” –FreudManifest and latent contentDreams simply reflect life events1st dream of the night connects with events of the day—then REM works like the telephone gameREM helps us rememberActivation-Synthesis theorySource of creative insight
20Dreams Kids dream substantially more than adults Explain dreaming from each of the psychological perspectives…Handout 5-9: What do we dream about?5-10: Remembering your dreams…try to track your dreams for one week.Problem Solving Experiment—volunteers?
21Dream studies American men dreamed of men twice as often as of women 64% of interactions in dreams were hostile as opposed to friendlyGhanaians often dream of attack by cowsAmericans are more likely to find themselves embarrassed by public nakednessChildren are more likely to dream of animalsCollege students are more likely to dream of small petsWomen dream of childrenMen dream of aggression and weaponsAmerican women dreamt about both men and women
22Sleep DeprivationStudy: 24 hours of sleep loss = equivalent test scores of intoxicated subjectsExxon-Valdez—crew member steering the ship had only six hours of sleep in the past two nights.
23Sleep Disorders 1) Narcolepsy– the narcoleptic dog 2) Sleep Apnea—cessation of respiration3) Insomnia—common causes are anxiety and substance use4) Sleep Walking & Night TerrorsMore common in childhoodOccurs in 1st stage 4Occurs often due to sleep deprivation
24Complete Handout 5-5: Morningness—Eveningness Questionnaire Complete Handout 5-6: Am I Sleep Deprived?Complete Handout 5-8: Sleep Strategies