Presentation on theme: "Conducting the Interview/Survey"— Presentation transcript:
1 Conducting the Interview/Survey Adapted from Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) Regional Training Workshop – Survey Techniques, Unicef & Introduction to Interviewing Techniques, USAID; The IRIS Center at the University of Maryland
3 Building Rapport Consider the context you are in Be one of them rather than an alienMake a good first impressionDo not be apologeticAlways have a positive approachStress confidentiality of responsesAnswer any questions franklyInterview the respondent alone – particularly important for Woman’s Interview
4 Tips for Conducting an Interview Be neutralNever suggest answersDo not change the wording or sequence of questionsHandle hesitant respondents tactfullyDo not form expectationsDo not hurry the interview
5 Introduction Identify yourself, survey sponsor Explain purpose, what info is sought and how it will be usedVerify it is the right personStress confidentiality, voluntary participation, and that respondent may ask questionsAsk permission to proceed
7 Locating sampled households We should have, for each sample cluster:Up-to-date maps to indicate the location of structures,Address information for each structure,A list of the names of the heads of all the households living in the structures
8 DefinitionsA structure is a free-standing building that can have one or more rooms in which people live,Within a structure, there may be one or more dwelling (or housing) units.A dwelling unit is a room or group of rooms occupied by one or more households.A household is a person or group of persons that usually lives and eats together
9 Problems in contacting households The selected household has moved away and the dwelling is vacant,The household has moved away and a new one is now living in the same dwelling,The structure number and name of household head do not match with what you find in the field,The household selected does not live in the structure that was listed,
10 Problems in contacting household The listing shows only one household in the dwelling but two households are living there now,The head of the household has changed,The house is all closed up and the neighbours say the people are on vacation for an extended period,The house is all closed up and the neighbours say that no one lives there,
11 Problems in contacting households A household is supposed to live in a structure that when visited is found to be a shop,A selected structure is not found in the cluster, it was destroyed in a recent fire,No one is home and neighbours tell you the family has gone to the market
13 Identifying Eligible Respondents HH Questionnaire is used to identify who is eligible to be interviewed with the Woman’s and Under-5 Questionnaires.All women age years and children under 5 years of age who are members of the household are considered eligible for individual interviewsPrimary caretakers are interviewed only if mother is not in the household list (Deceased? Living elsewhere?)
15 General procedures Understand how to ask each question, Know what information the question is attempting to collectKnow how to handle problems which might arise during the interviewKnow how to correctly record the answers the respondent givesKnow how to follow special instructions in the questionnaire
16 Asking the questionsAsk each question exactly as it is written in the questionnaire (customized/translated previously)Speak slowly and clearly.When in need to repeat the question, do not paraphrase the question but repeat it exactly as it is written.If, after we have repeated a question, the respondent still does not understand it, we may have to restate the question.Be very careful when we change the wording, that we do not alter the meaning of the question.
17 ProbingIn some cases, we may have to ask additional questions or probe, to obtain a complete answer from a respondent.Be careful that probes are "neutral" and do not suggest an answer,Probing requires both tact and skill and it is one of the most challenging aspects for interviewers.
18 Checking completed questionnaires Review each questionnaire after completing the interview, before leaving the householdHow to correct errors? Minor and serious onesDo not recopy questionnaires.Record ALL information on the questionnairesCalculations and anything out of the ordinary should be explained in the questionnaire.
20 DO NOTGet involved in long explanations of the study such as trying to explain samplingDeviate from the study introduction, sequence of questions, or question wordingTry to justify or defend what you are doing.Suggest an answer or agree or disagree withan answer
21 DO NOT Rush the respondent Patronize respondents Dominate the interviewPrompt the respondent for specific answersLet another person answer for the sampled respondentInterview someone you knowFalsify interviewsImprovise
23 Ending the InterviewThank client. Tell that it is important/helpful info to programAnswer any of client’s questions - about interview or content of survey
24 Checking completed questionnaires Review each questionnaire after completing the interview, before leaving the householdHow to correct errors? Minor and serious onesDo not recopy questionnaires.Record ALL information on the questionnairesCalculations and anything out of the ordinary should be explained in the questionnaire.
25 Returning work assignments At the end of fieldwork each day, the interviewers should:Check that the cover sheet of a Household Questionnaire for each household assigned is filled, whether or not the interview was completed.Report to supervisor about any problemsReturn to the supervisor the completed Household Questionnaires and accompanying Woman’s and Children’s Questionnaires placed inside.