Are these Masked Men Powerful? Assertive? Controlling?
“I don’t know. You just put it on…It’s like it brings your innermost desires to life…” – Stanley Ipkiss The Mask, 1994
Mask Law is passed in 1845…to forbid protesters from hiding their identities.
240.35 LOITERING A person is guilty of loitering when he: [...] 4. Being masked or in any manner disguised by unusual or unnatural attire or facial alteration, loiters, remains or congregates in a public place with other persons so masked or disguised or knowingly permits or aids persons so masked or disguised to congregate in a public place…[...] —New York Penal Code, Offenses Against Public Order
“Of the few people who have heard of the Mask Law, many believe that it was passed to prevent the Klan from marching in New York wearing their hoods.” — Bogad, 2003 “While the Klan have used their masks to commit murder and other atrocities with impunity, they now also claim they need their masks to protect themselves from popular reprisal as a despised, weak group.” —Bogad, 2003 (Based on CNN.com article, 1999)
“protesters and performers in New York are often ringed by walls of police…and otherwise restricted in their access to audiences…the use of colorful masks and puppets is a tactic to overcome these restrictions…” —Bogad, 2003
“O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and not molested. And Allah is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful” - Qur’an 33:59
Are these Veiled Women Weak? Passive? Oppressed?
“Perhaps for the majority of the newly veiled women, Islam becomes a counter-culture to both the immoral, decadent, destructive West…To wear the veil can thus be a statement of commitment to a different kind of society” - Rozario, 2006
Images: http://www.fbi.gov/wanted/unkn/chicagobank1.jpg - robber and robber2 http://delivery.gettyimages.com/xc/71154810.jpg?v=1&c=CFW&k=2&d=750D1C2B84DB 20E525699FF0B0C39D1Chttp://delivery.gettyimages.com/xc/71154810.jpg?v=1&c=CFW&k=2&d=750D1C2B84DB 20E525699FF0B0C39D1C – Theif http://www1.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/1708766/2/istockphoto_1708766_l one_ranger.jpghttp://www1.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/1708766/2/istockphoto_1708766_l one_ranger.jpg - Cowboy http://www.crmvet.org/crmpics/staug5a.jpghttp://www.crmvet.org/crmpics/staug5a.jpg - KKK 2 http://www.homevideos.com/freezeframes/Mask21.jpghttp://www.homevideos.com/freezeframes/Mask21.jpg - The Mask1, The mask2, The Mask3 http://scoop.diamondgalleries.com/news_images/5328_13982_1.jpghttp://scoop.diamondgalleries.com/news_images/5328_13982_1.jpg - The Mask4(actual mask) http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/question/kkk.jpghttp://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/question/kkk.jpg - KKK http://gfx.download-by.net/screen/167/167056-bikini-screen-saver.jpg - bikini2 http://www.911buycostume.com/Pages/mask-darkside/Batman%20Mask%202.jpghttp://www.911buycostume.com/Pages/mask-darkside/Batman%20Mask%202.jpg – Batman http://www.boxoffice.com/jpg/apr02/spider-man2.jpghttp://www.boxoffice.com/jpg/apr02/spider-man2.jpg - Spiderman http://battlestarfanclub.com/battlestar/dave/dgcapam.jpghttp://battlestarfanclub.com/battlestar/dave/dgcapam.jpg - Captain America http://guide.supereva.com/wrestling/myimg/165930_1.jpghttp://guide.supereva.com/wrestling/myimg/165930_1.jpg - Rey Mysterio http://www.photofile.com/Photos/Photos_Of_The_Day/06_06_22/HC19506.jpg - rey3 http://www.starstore.com/acatalog/darth-vader-sideshow-e.jpghttp://www.starstore.com/acatalog/darth-vader-sideshow-e.jpg - Darth Vader http://18.104.22.168/~ivnet05/IMG/jpg/marcos46.jpghttp://22.214.171.124/~ivnet05/IMG/jpg/marcos46.jpg - Subcommandante Marcos Bogad, L.M. “Facial Insufficiency: Political Street Performance in New York City and the Selective Enforcement of the 1845 Mask Law.” TDR: The Drama Review. Vol. 47, no. 4. (November 2003) pp. 75-84. Online. World Wide Web. 4 November, 2006 - Protester
Texts: “Court rules KKK must unmask to rally in New York”. CNN.com. 22 October, 1999. http://www.cnn.com/US/9910/22/klan.03/. Online. 8 November, 2006.http://www.cnn.com/US/9910/22/klan.03 “USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts”. University of Southern California. http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/033.qmt.html. Online. 4 November, 2006. http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/033.qmt.html “Memorable Quotes from The Mask (1994)”. IMDB.com. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0110475/quotes. Online. 8 November, 2006 http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0110475/quotes Bogad, L.M. “Facial Insufficiency: Political Street Performance in New York City and the Selective Enforcement of the 1845 Mask Law.” TDR: The Drama Review. Vol. 47, no. 4. (November 2003) pp. 75-84. Online. World Wide Web. 4 November, 2006. Rozario, Santi. “The New Burqa in Bangladesh: Empowerment or Violation of Women’s Rights?” Women’s Studies International Forum.. Vol. 29, no. 4. (Jul-Aug 2006) pp. 368- 380. Online. World Wide Web. 3 November, 2006. Tonkin, E. “Masks and Power” Man (N.S).. Vol. 14. (Jul-Aug 2006) pp. 237-248. Online. World Wide Web. 4 November, 2006. Young, Robert J. C. (2003). Postcolonialism: A very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.
Music: Incubus. “Megalomaniac.” A Crow Left of the Murder… Epic, 2005. Eve. “Who’s That Girl.” Scorpion. Interscope, 2001. R.E.M. “Losing my Religion.” Out of Time. Warner Bros., 1991. Audioslave. “I am The Highway.” Audioslave. Sony Music, 2002.
Composed by Bryan Ploen - University of Toronto at Mississauga