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Patient delay and associated factors in women with breast cancer Edita Bronė Juodžbalienė Edita Bronė JuodžbalienėKaunas EUROCHIP II actions and interventions.

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Presentation on theme: "Patient delay and associated factors in women with breast cancer Edita Bronė Juodžbalienė Edita Bronė JuodžbalienėKaunas EUROCHIP II actions and interventions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Patient delay and associated factors in women with breast cancer Edita Bronė Juodžbalienė Edita Bronė JuodžbalienėKaunas EUROCHIP II actions and interventions

2 Breast cancer in Lithuania  new cases of breast cancer (16,8% of all malignant tumors).  Incidence rate - 71,4 new cases per per year Advanced breast cancer – stage III-IV: 33,9% of cases 33,9% of cases At age before 35: 43 % of cases.

3 IS the P atient delay is one of the reasons why breast cancer in Lithuania is diagnosed in avanced stages? EUROCHIP actions and interventions:

4 Characteristics of breast cancer patients Data on 266 women diagnosed with breast cancer from year 2000 to 2004 treated at university hospital was analysed. Data on 266 women diagnosed with breast cancer from year 2000 to 2004 treated at university hospital was analysed. Patient characteristics: Age Before 35 yr- 10 (3,8%), yr- 109 (41,0%), yr- 94 (35,3%), yr- 40 (15,0%), 75 yr (4,9%) Stage of the disease Stage I - 53 (19,9%), stage II- 155 (58,3%), stage III- 37 (13,9%), stage IV- 21 (7,89%) Stage I - 53 (19,9%), stage II- 155 (58,3%), stage III- 37 (13,9%), stage IV- 21 (7,89%)

5 FINDINGS

6 Time of patient delay in pesentation of breast cancer Up to 1 month - 26% of patients Up to 1 month - 26% of patients 2-5 months – 37% of patients 2-5 months – 37% of patients 6 or more months - 32% of patients 6 or more months - 32% of patients 5 % of women indicated that were not aware of the tumor in the breast (Breast cancer was diagnosed on sceening) 5 % of women indicated that were not aware of the tumor in the breast (Breast cancer was diagnosed on sceening)

7 Characteristics of time periods of patient delay in presentation of breast cancer Women up to 50 years old presented later to the physcian than older women. Women up to 50 years old presented later to the physcian than older women. Women who did not presented for 1 – 2 months, were more likely to delay their presentation to the physician. Women who did not presented for 1 – 2 months, were more likely to delay their presentation to the physician.

8 Distribution of women up to 50 years of age with delay to presentation by age groups Delay median test Age and number of cases Up to 35 years years.40 – 49 years. Less than median More than median Median test p = 0,031

9 Distribution of patient delay in women up to 50 years of age Many patients upon detection of the lump in the breast presented for tests in 1 – 2 months. Many patients upon detection of the lump in the breast presented for tests in 1 – 2 months. Young patients, up to 35 years of age, delayed their presentation to GP. Young patients, up to 35 years of age, delayed their presentation to GP.

10 Factors affecting delay of the diagnosis QuestionIRR [95% CI ]p Residence (ural or urban areas) 1.48 [ ]<0.01 Symptoms (local o avanced disease) 1.35 [ ]0.035 Stage of the disease (I/IV) 1.13 [ ]0.049 Contraception (used or not used) 1.63 [ ]<0.01 Endocrine disease (diagnosed/ not diagnosed) 0.75 [ ]<0.01 Social status (self rated: good/ fare) 1.13 [ ]<0.01 Income per months (>1000/500 Litas) 0.56 [ ]<0.01 Smoking (yeas/no) 1.13 [ ]0.728 Alcohol (yeas/no) 1,15 [1,08-1,21]<0.01 Physical activity (yeas/no) 0.89 [ ]<0.01

11 Summary Compared to developed countries, breast cancer in Lithuania is more often diagnosed in advanced stages. 1/3 of patients delay in the presentation of breast cancer for six or more months. In this group of patients lymph node metastases are also more frequently diagnosed upon the diagnosis than in other groups of patients (64% to 27-30%) and these patients have a worse prognosis. Univariate analysis indicated that more often women delayed for presentation for a lump in the breast if they were from rural areas, had local symptoms, used contraception, had no or short history of breast feeding; women who were smoke and used alcohol. Patient delay was also moe often observed in women who rarely visited a physcian or a gynecologist. Multivariate analysis indicated that rare visits to the physcian and gynecologist had impact on patient delay for presentation of breast.

12 Summary Time of delay in diagnosis of breast cancer in young women, up to 50 years of age, was 24,5 percent higher than in older women (50 years or more). In a goup of women up to 50 years of age, more often delayed to present for diagnosis women of higher eucation, women who smoke, have higher stress at work, rarely visit the physician, have no comorbidity, and women with a family history of breast cancer In a group of patients up to 50 years of age median time to delay is 3 months (95 proc. PI 2 – 4), but for women up to 35 years of age median time to delay was 9 months. In a group of patients up to 50 years of age median time to delay is 3 months (95 proc. PI 2 – 4), but for women up to 35 years of age median time to delay was 9 months. Time to delay was statistically significantly different in women up to 35 years of age than in goups of women of older ages: 35 – 39 years and years of age (p=0,017) Time to delay was statistically significantly longer in young women with no comorbidity than in groups of women with no comorbidity of older ages: 35 – 39 years and years of age (p=0.036).

13 Thank You Thank You


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