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Women’s Political Representation in CALRE Lenita Freidenvall Stockholm University.

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Presentation on theme: "Women’s Political Representation in CALRE Lenita Freidenvall Stockholm University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women’s Political Representation in CALRE Lenita Freidenvall Stockholm University

2 Project aim To investigate the proportion of women and men in CALRE parliaments To assess the extent to which the regional parliaments are gender sensitive To suggest strategies the could be implemented in order to improve representation and gender sensitivity – A gender sensitive parliament can be defined as a parliament that responds to the needs and interests of both women and men in its structures, operation, methods, and work.

3 Data The report is based on – Official statistics produced by the European Union, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, and EIGE. – A questionnaire submitted to CALRE members in the summer of 2013 31.2 response rate

4 Questions, examples What is the proportion of women in CALRE parliaments, proportion of women presidents (speakers), women committee chairs? To what extent are various kinds of gender quotas in place? To what extent have parliaments introduced gender sensitive measures?

5 Gender Balance in CALRE Parliaments and EU-28

6 Proportion of Women in CALRE Parliaments

7 Adoption of gender quotas Legal quotas – Belgium, Italy, Portugal, and Spain Party quotas – Austria, Germany, UK Additional measures – Finland

8 Proportion of Women Presidents

9 RegionCountryNo. of womenNo. of menWomen.%Men. % Brussels-Capital RegionBelgium5550.0% Wallonia-Brussels FederationBelgium1712.5%87.5% FlandersBelgium31715.0%85.0% WalloniaBelgium2625.0%75.0% BrandenburgGermany5935.7%64.3% Rhineland-PalatinateGermany4833.3%66.7% SaxonyGermany21214.3%85.7% AndalusiaSpain10855.6%44.4% Basque CountrySpain10471.4%28.6% CataloniaSpain111837.9%62.1% GaliciaSpain61037.5%62.5% La RiojaSpain6554.5%45.5% AbruzzoItaly1910.0%90.0% Bolzano (Province)Italy3537.5%62.5% Friuli-Venezia GiuliaItaly070.0%100.0% Trentino-Alto AdigeItaly020.0%100.0% Aosta ValleyItaly1516.7%83.3% VenetoItaly070.0%100.0% Styria-LandtagAustria31318.8%81.3% AzoresPortugal040.0%100.0% Åland (province)Finland2340.0%60.0% ScotlandUnited Kingdom71236.8%63.2% WalesUnited Kingdom4833.3%66.7% Total8618431.9%68.1% Proportion of committee chairs

10 Introduction of gender sensitive measures Examples – Policy against harassment – Code of conduct – Media strategies, use of language – Gender equality policies – Family-friendly policies and infrastructure Parliamentary sitting times Child care facilities

11 Suggested strategies To achieve equal representation – Adopt special measures to ensure that higher number of women are selected by parties to run in winnable seats – Conduct awareness raising campaigns on the importance of gender balance in decision- making – Support mentorship programmes

12 Suggested strategies To improve the leadership status of women, parliaments could – Rotate positions of leadership between women and men over a period of time – Introduce dual leadership for parliamentary structures – Encourage an equal distribution of women and men across all committees

13 Suggested strategies To improve gender sensitivity, parliaments could – Introduce a gender equality policy with concrete actions that will be taken to address gender equality issues – Ensure a gender sensitive language in all official documents – Ensure that workplace policies and infrastructure reflect the contemporary work and family realities facing parliamentarians, by arranging the sitting hours, avoiding late voting and aligning sitting times with the school calendar.

14 Example from the Scottish Parliament ”Equal opportunity is one of Parliament’s founding principles, and we are expected to mainstream equality into everything we do. The parliament provides a crèche facility for MSPs and other users of the building. Parliamentary business is based around the school calendar and business in the chamber will tend not to go on any later than 7 p.m. We monitor the diversity of speakers who attend Time for Reflection to ensure that we have a diverse mix of speakers who are invited into the Chamber. We undertake equality impact assessments for any major project/events in the Parliament.”

15 Thank you!

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