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Women in the late 19 th Century. Working Conditions 1890s: More than a million women joined work force Single Jobs depended on race/class/ethnicity Long.

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Presentation on theme: "Women in the late 19 th Century. Working Conditions 1890s: More than a million women joined work force Single Jobs depended on race/class/ethnicity Long."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women in the late 19 th Century

2 Working Conditions 1890s: More than a million women joined work force Single Jobs depended on race/class/ethnicity Long hours, low pay, advancement limited Black women- domestic services Immigrant women- clustered in particular industries

3 Memorable Women Jane Addams & Lillian Wald: settlement houses  became centers of women’s activism and social reform Florence Kelly: led lobby for Illinois  anti-sweatshop law- protected women workers/ prohibited child labor Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Women and Economics- classic in feminist literature (Called on women to abandon their dependent status an contribute more to society through productive involvement in the economy.) Mary Baker Eddy: 1879 she founded Church of Christ, Scientist

4 Feminists demand the right to vote National American Women Suffrage Association – Elizabeth Cady Stanton – Susan B. Anthony new generation of woman suffragists – Carrie Chapman Catt

5 Suffrage continued… Wyoming territory: first unrestricted suffrage to women in 1869 General Federation of Women’s clubs Suffrage movement and other women’s organizations excluded black women – Ida B. Wells inspired black women to launch a nationwide anti-lynching crusade – Also helped establish the National Association of Colored Women in 1896

6 Women and Prohibition 1874: Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) Women joined the fight against alcohol and helped bring about Prohibition

7 Other Important Facts Clara Barton helped establish the American Red Cross in 1881 By 1700 every 4th college graduate was a woman Kate Chopin and Emily Dickinson were literary figures Soaring divorce rates, the spreading practice of birth control, increasingly frank discussion of sexual topics


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