2Being a bystanderHave you been a ‘passive bystander’? Most likely, even without thinking about it e.g. walked past an accident, heard an alarm go off?Why don’t we intervene?
3‘The Bystander Effect’ “Someone else will do something about it”“It’s not my problem”Safety (paramount)Social/peer pressure (esp. amongst men)What do we do or say? Where do we go to ask?…similar to gender based violence
4What is gender based violence? Gender Based Violence is used by the GET SAVI reference group as an umbrella term to describe acts, behaviour and attitudes that undermine, threaten or hurt others due to their (real or perceived) gender or sexual orientation
5Statistics 81% of LGBT people experience verbal abuse 1 in 5 women will experience gender based violence1 in 4 women students has been subjected to an unwanted sexual experience while at university or collegeIt is highly likely that we know someone who has been a victim of perpetrator of gender based violence.Forsyth 2000, LGBT Youth and Social Inclusion; Scottish Government;2011, NUS; 2010; Hidden Marks
6Gender Based Violence Bystander Programmes Traditionally focus is on victims or perpetratorsBystander programmes an innovative approach to challenging attitudesAll bystanders potential allies in preventing gender based violence
8Gender Based Violence Bystander Programmes Bystander does not commit or condone violence…however inaction may contribute to the violence
9‘Get Savi’Successful programmes in American Universities (Jackson Katz, Kentucky Green Dot)12 hour course, online resources and a short taster session developed by LGBT Youth, White Ribbon Scotland, Rape Crisis Scotland, Scottish Women’s Aid and Zero ToleranceUniversity groups undertook pilot of Bystander Programme
11Constellation of influences All of this influences our attitudes and behaviour
12The goods we buyGender violence is everywhere- toys, chocolate bars, clothes. It’s made ok.
13The music we listen toAnd I love your lack of self respect. While you're passed out on the deck.I love my hands around your neck NicklebackHa-ha, that bitch though I was gonna feed her Turnt out I feed the fuckin' crew know what I'm sayin' My wolves gotta eat know what I'm sayin', fuck itOdd Future Wolf Gang Kill Them All
14The jokes we tell:What's the odd thing out: meat, eggs, wife, blowjob? Blowjob - because you can beat your meat, eggs or wife, but you can't beat a blowjob. Life with a woman is like a pack of cards - you need a heart to love one, you need a diamond to marry one, you need club to beat her and a spade to bury the bitchBoth jokes from Zoo same week
15Symbolic annihilation Or…not at allSymbolic annihilationWhen do we see trans people in the media?Or gay people?Or women?What does this do to how these communities are perceived/treated? Once you dehumanise someone you can do what you want to them.
16Types of GBVLesbian, Gay, Bisexual peopleTrans peopleWomen
17Allport’s scale of prejudice Why does this matter? Allport’s scale tells us that small acts can lead to large scale acts of violence. Because; 1, Antilocution: Antilocution means a majority group freely make jokes about a minority group. Speech is in terms of negative stereotypes and negative images. 2 This is also called hate speech 3. It is commonly seen as harmless by the majority. Antilocution itself may not be harmful, but it sets the stage for more severe outlets for prejudice. (e.g.Ethnic jokes)2. Avoidance: Members of the majority group actively avoid people in a minority group.2 No direct harm may be intended, but harm is done through isolation. (e.g. Social exclusion).3 Discrimination: Minority group is discriminated against by denying them opportunities and services and so putting prejudice into action.2 Behaviors have the specific goal of harming the minority group by preventing them from achieving goals, getting education or jobs, etc. The majority group is actively trying to harm the minority. (e.g. Jim Crow laws, Apartheid)4 Physical Attack: The majority group vandalize, burn or destroy minority group property and carry out violent attacks on individuals or groups.2 Physical harm is done to members of the minority group. Examples are lynchings of blacks, pogroms against Jews in Europe and British Loyalists in the 1700s.5 Extermination: The majority group seeks extermination or removal of the minority group.2 They attempt to eliminate either the entire or a large fraction of a group of people (e.g., Indian Wars to remove Native Americans, American lynchings, Final Solution to the "Jewish Question" in Germany, the Rwandan Genocide, and ethnic cleansing in Bosnia). (from )
20Intervention is more than do or don’t If a friend is unhappy we might ask what’s wrongIf someone has taken their turn out of line we might stop themIf we see someone struggling with a push chair, we might ask if they need helpIf someone’s being unfair, we might tell them they’re out of orderWe intervene all the time, but we might not see it as intervention
21RECOGNISEAcknowledge the situation is making you uncomfortableASSESSWhat is happening?Is it safe for those involved?Is it safe for you? Emotionally and physically?RESPONDWhat can you do? Anything? Nothing? Something in between?
22Intervention can mean: Directly challengingDistractingDelegatingDelayingYour safety is paramount.
23Directly challengeApproach someone directly and challenge their behaviourDistractTry to distract the person from the situationDelegateContact an authority figureDelayLook for a time when it’s more appropriate to challengeDirectly challengeApproach someone directly and challenge their behaviourDistractTry to distract the person from the situationDelegateContact an authority figureDelayLook for a time when it’s more appropriate to challenge
25A friend of yours has just started seeing someone new A friend of yours has just started seeing someone new. You meet them for the first time and notice that they make quite a lot of jokes about your friends weight. What could you do?
26You’re at a football match with your family and your team are losing-badly. When the star player falls over, you hear a close relative shouting “Get up you fairy!”. Their homophobic abuse gets worse and worse and you’re feeling pretty upset by all this. You know this relative is a kind person normally.
27You’re walking home and a young woman is walking in front of you, you stop at the traffic lights. A car pulls up and three men lean out and start shouting at her. She is clearly upset. What do you do?
28You’re having dinner with your grandparents and your Grandmother starts talking about the clothes that young women wear. She says that “they look like they’re asking for it” what do could you say?
29What people told us“it has made me think a lot more on how best to handle potentially volatile situations and how to be more safe without having to compromise on how I socialise”“I would definitely recommend the course to other people as I think it's really important and significant to discuss the ways in which negative attitudes and jokes really have a larger impact on society's values and opinions”