Presentation on theme: "Maternity Nursing Lisa Heelan, MSN, FNP-BC Family Health Promotion 1."— Presentation transcript:
Maternity Nursing Lisa Heelan, MSN, FNP-BC Family Health Promotion 1
Learning Objectives Evaluate contemporary issues and trends in maternity nursing Examine the Healthy People 2010 goals related to maternal and newborn care & outcomes Describe the main characteristics of contemporary family forms Be knowledgeable in the main components of what is needed in obtaining a family assessment
Relate the role of culture in caring for childbearing families Discuss cultural competence in relation to one’s own nursing practice List the components of prenatal care Interpret the role & benefits of a doula
Birth in America 1900: 95% of all births took place at home 1939: 50% of all births at home 1955: 95% of all births in the hospital Wolf, 2009
Childbirth is the #1 reason for all hospitalizations
100 babies born in Pennsylvania * 12 will be born preterm * 3 will die before reaching their first birthday * 4 will be born with a birth defects * 8 will be born low birth weight March of Dimes
Report Card asphttp://marchofdimes.com/aboutus/49267_ asp
What to expect during a prenatal visit…. DfdE
Listening to Mother’s Survey p?ck=10396
Prenatal Care Each component can contribute to reductions in perinatal illness, disability and death by identifying and mitigating potential complications Risk Assessment Treatment for medical conditions or risk reduction Education
Frequency of Prenatal Visits Every 4 weeks until 28 weeks gestation Every 2 weeks until 36 weeks gestation Weekly until delivery Every 4 weeks until 28 weeks gestation Every 2 weeks until 36 weeks gestation Weekly until delivery
Antepartal Nursing Interventions Being knowledgeable in the normal changes of pregnancy Instructing in signs & symptoms that indicate a problem may be developing Providing appropriate information for self care measures Referring when necessary
Nursing in a Home Care Setting Can be used for women who have difficulty in accessing the healthcare system Most often used for women with prenatal complications that can be managed without hospitalization.
Attitude about pregnancy Attitude about pregnancy Exercise Rest Exercise Rest Smoking Danger signs of spontaneous abortion Danger signs of spontaneous abortion Early pregnancy classes Early pregnancy classes Employment Traveling Fetal growth development Fetal growth development First Trimester Topics
Infants tend to have lower birth weights Infants have a higher incidence of preterm birth
The Faces of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Growth Retardation Facial Anomalies Major Cause of mental retardation
Increased incidence of lowered birth weight Some neurologic effects such as Attention Deficit Disorder No Safe level of drinking during pregnancy has been identified Even moderate alcohol intake is contraindicated
Live Viruses (like rubella) should not be given to pregnant women Vaccines using killed viruses may be used
Exercise during pregnancy 30 minutes daily and stop when fatigued No balance activities No exercising in supine position Pulse rates < 140/min
Nursing Pearls of Wisdom At each prenatal visit, focus your teaching on changes or possible discomforts the woman might encounter during the coming month and the next trimester.
The importance of support during labor---having a doula Yb4 g94Y
We Are Family We Are Family
Types of Families Types of Families Nuclear Cohabiting parent Married-parent Single-Parent Childless Married blended Extended Gay & Lesbian The primary institution in society that preserves & transmits culture.
What basic information should be included in a Family Assessment? What basic information should be included in a Family Assessment?
Family Assessment Family Assessment Name, age, sex and family relationship of all people residing in the householdName, age, sex and family relationship of all people residing in the household Family type, structure roles and valuesFamily type, structure roles and values Cultural associationsCultural associations Religious affiliationsReligious affiliations LanguageLanguage Support networkSupport network
Friedman Family Assessment Model Identifying data History of family Environmental data Family structure Family functions Family stress & coping
Culture is not just something the client possesses; it is something that all humans possess. It is learned….
Ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism Conviction that the values and beliefs of one’s own cultural group are the best ones or the only acceptable ones Conviction that the values and beliefs of one’s own cultural group are the best ones or the only acceptable ones
Are there cultural influences on childbearing and rearing? Are there cultural influences on childbearing and rearing?
Beliefs regarding pregnancy Beliefs regarding pregnancy Amish Arab Appalachian African- Amercan Chinese Mexican
Refers to behaviors or things that are avoided What is avoided in your family? What is avoided in your family?
“Ask not what disease the person has, but rather, what person the disease has.”
Develop cultural competence by becoming knowledgeable about the cultural practices of local groups where you work and live. Develop cultural competence by becoming knowledgeable about the cultural practices of local groups where you work and live.
Cultural Humility: Lifelong process of self reflection and awareness with a respectful attitude toward diverse points of view.
It’s all about relationships…..
And Respect…which comes full circle
Questions to ask…. What healing methods have you tried? What healing methods have you tried? What do you think will help? What do you think will help? What do you think you should do to remain healthy during pregnancy?
Who do you want with you during your labor? Who do you want with you during your labor? How will family members participate in your pregnancy, childbirth & parenting? How will family members participate in your pregnancy, childbirth & parenting? What do you and your family expect from the nurses caring for you? What do you and your family expect from the nurses caring for you?
L = Listen E=Explain A=Acknowledge R=Recommend N=Negotiate
References Center for Disease Control, US Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Healthy People 2010, 2 nd edition Retrieved from 2/16MICH.htm#Toc Declercq, E., Sakala, C., Corry, M., & Applebaum, S. (2006). Listening to mothers 11: Report of the second national US Survey of women’s childbearing experiences. Retrieved from =LTM11_reportttp://www.childbirth
Epstein, R. (2010). Get me out: A history of childbirth. New York: W.W. Norton & Company Fadiman, A. (1997). The spirit catches you and you fall down: A Hmong child, her American doctors & the collision of the cultures. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux Lowdermilk, D. & Perry, S. (2007). Maternity & women’s health care. (9 th edition). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier Wolf, J. (2009). Deliver me from pain. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press