Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Women and HIV Roundtable Discussion on the Occasion of International Women’s Day 2010 “ Equal Rights, Equal Opportunities: Progress for All” Annami Löfving,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Women and HIV Roundtable Discussion on the Occasion of International Women’s Day 2010 “ Equal Rights, Equal Opportunities: Progress for All” Annami Löfving,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Women and HIV Roundtable Discussion on the Occasion of International Women’s Day 2010 “ Equal Rights, Equal Opportunities: Progress for All” Annami Löfving, UNAIDS

2 Women and HIV Global and Regional Situation  International Women’s Day 2004 dedicated to Women, Girls, HIV and AIDS;  HIV is still the leading cause of death and disease among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) worldwide;  Today women account for 50% of People living with HIV worldwide;  In Asia, steep increase in proportion of People Living with HIV who are women from 19% in 2000 to 35% in 2008

3 Women’s vulnerabilities to HIV Mostly female partners of MARPs

4 This includes children. From Spectrum

5 5

6 Responding to Gender and HIV in Myanmar o Desk review on Gender and HIV (Sept/Oct 09) o Multi-stakeholder Gender Review of NSP (Oct/Nov 09) o Operational research and pilot on prevention of HIV in intimate partner relationships (planned for 2010) o Formation and capacity building of Positive Women’s Network

7  Many men get tested late and go for treatment late  Women often decide to get tested after their partner/husband has fallen ill or passed away  Men less likely than women to disclose their status to their partner  Study among PLHIV shows 63% of respondents find disclosure empowering Recommendations from gender review of NSP:  strengthen capacity among health care workers to help men and women personalise and evaluate risk, to promote benefits of knowing one’s status;  Offer VCCT as part of routine reproductive health care and STI care  Develop interventions which support men to disclose and access treatment earlier  Reduce stigma and discrimination to promote voluntary HIV testing and disclosure among couples. Knowing one’s HIV status and disclosing to others:

8 Accessing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Prevention Services  Women often fall into category ‘men and women of reproductive age’ where HIV risk is thought to be low and targeted prevention strategies are lacking A recent study among PLHIV found (female respondents):  40% reporting being denied family planning services in the last 12 months.  75% decided not to have more children after learning of their HIV status Recommendations from Gender Review of NSP Develop and strengthen targeted services for: o female partners of MSM and clients of SW and IDU and; o female drug users  Conduct operational research on reproductive health needs, family planning and pregnancy decision making among PLHIV on treatment  Develop SOPs for reproductive health and HIV services to promote positive prevention, encourage partner testing, support disclosure.

9  43% of ART patients in Myanmar are women  Some reports of wives sacrificing their treatment opportunity in favour of their husband  Coverage of PMCT is improving but still not full coverage of pregnant women who need ART Recommendations from Gender Review of NSP  Increase treatment literacy and preparedness to support scale up o Create stronger links between PMTCT sites and treatment centres o Ensure women meeting eligibility criteria begin ART during pregnancy Accessing Treatment

10 Promoting a protective socio-economic environment for People Living with HIV Findings from MPG Stigma Index Study (female respondents): o Over 35 % fear physical assault and harassment; As a result of their HIV positive status: o 50% decided not to get married; o 45% decided to isolate themselves from family and friends ( female sex worker respondents): 85% report low self esteem 36% currently feel suicidal; Recommendations from Gender Review of NSP  Conduct further research on the relation between GBV and HIV transmission  Explore approaches for livelihood support to mitigate impact


Download ppt "Women and HIV Roundtable Discussion on the Occasion of International Women’s Day 2010 “ Equal Rights, Equal Opportunities: Progress for All” Annami Löfving,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google