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11 Women & Crime Perpetrators & Victims. 22 Outline I. Arrest rates for Women Vs. Men II. Labor Force Trends For Women III. Violence Amongst Intimates.

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Presentation on theme: "11 Women & Crime Perpetrators & Victims. 22 Outline I. Arrest rates for Women Vs. Men II. Labor Force Trends For Women III. Violence Amongst Intimates."— Presentation transcript:

1 11 Women & Crime Perpetrators & Victims

2 22 Outline I. Arrest rates for Women Vs. Men II. Labor Force Trends For Women III. Violence Amongst Intimates IV. Labor Market Analysis for Women V. Demographic Trends VI. Forcible Rape VII. International Traffic in Women

3 33 Trends in Arrest Rates All Offenses

4 44 Arrest Rates for Violent Index Offenses

5 55 Arrest Rates for Property Index Offenses

6 66 Arrest rates For Murder

7 77 Arrest Rates For Robbery

8 88 Arrest Rates For Burglary

9 99 Arrest Rates For Motor Vehicle Theft

10 10 Arrest Rates For Larceny-Theft

11 11 Arrest rates For Prostitution and Commercialized Vice

12 12 Trends In Arrest Rates For Embezzlement

13 13 Conclusions Women are becoming more involved in crime Women do not like confrontational types of crime Not so much into violent crime or robbery As women work, opportunities change Embezzlement by women increasing Prostitution decreasing

14 14 Labor Force Trends For Women Rosie the Riveter During WWII Meg Whitman: E-Bay/ Candidate for Governor/ CEO of Hewlett-Packard

15 15 Labor Force Trends For Women In 1948, nearly one third of women participated in the labor force. By 2008, nearly sixty percent of women participated in the labor force In 1973, women accounted for 38.5% of national employment. By 2010, this number was over 47 %.

16 16

17 17 Household Survey Civilian Non-institutional Population, CNIP Labor Force, LF Not In The Labor Force, NLF Employed, E Unemployed, U Labor Force Participation Rate, ρ = LF/CNIP

18 18 Labor Force Trends For Women As more women left the role of house wife for the labor force, the nature of the home changed As women became a larger presence in the workplace, the nature of the workplace changed

19 19 In Contrast: Labor Force Partipation Rate Trends For Young Men, 16-24

20 20 Trends In Property Offense Rates

21 21 A statistical analysis of the US property crime rate from 1960 through 2010 was conducted, and the crime rate was positively correlated with the labor force participation rate for men ages , lagged two years, and negatively correlated with the labor force participation rate for women, lagged three years.

22 22 Property Crime Rate : Observed & Regression Estimate

23 23 III. Violence Amongst intimatesI e/ipv.cfm

24 24 Role of Intimates In Homicides

25 25

26 26 Victims of Homicide by Intimates

27 27 Intimate Partner Victims

28 28 Intimate Homicides By Relationship

29 29 Homicide By Intimates Rates

30 30 Non-fatal Rates Per 1000

31 31 IV. Labor Force Analysis for Women Using Illustrative Muliplicative Preferences U =(Y –Y 0 ) 0.5 (L - L 0 ) 0.5 y 0 = committed income, credit card payments and mortgage payments etc. L 0 = committed leisure, things you have to do around the house such as take care of the kids (soccer mom)

32 32 Fifties and Sixties Male was the bread-winner, female did the chores around the house

33 33 8 hours work, $25/hr U =(Y –Y 0 ) 0.5 (L - L 0 ) 0.5,y 0 =0 = L 0

34 34

35 35 Housewife with $150/day of Husband’s $200/day for Household Treat $150/day as her non-labor income so less likely to work Possibly the story in the fifties and sixties

36 36 Housewife with $150 of Husband’s $200 Non- labor Income At most wants to work ~ 4 hours

37 37 Single woman with Kids & Alimony Ten hours of committed leisure U =(Y – 0) 0.5 (L – 10) 0.5

38 38 Single Woman with Kids & Alimony 0 Alimony Wants to work at most six 0 5

39 39 Single Woman with Kids, No Alimony, & $150/day of Committed Income Wants to work ~ 8 hours origin

40 40 Modern Woman, Husband Earns $200/day, expenses plus mortgage amounts to $250/day: works 8 hours origin Wants to work ~ 8 hours/day

41 41 Currently; Home Ownership is Going Down

42 42 Age At First Marriage SP/UserNicheMainPage.asp?ID=23 SP/UserNicheMainPage.asp?ID=23

43 43 V. Relationship Trends Marriage Rates Divorce Rates Birth Rates

44 44 US Statistical Abstract 1953

45 45 Baby Boom. US Stat. Abst. 1974

46 46 The Long View: Greenwood & Gruner

47 47

48 48 Where Did All the Married Women Go? How Long Will You Be Married?

49 49

50 50 OECD Marriage & Divorce Rates

51 51 Marriage Market

52 52 Greenwood-Gruner Model

53 53 Living Arrangements For Young Women,

54 54 If You Have a Microwave Who Needs a Significant Other?

55 55 Rape 55

56 56 US Forcible Rape Offenses Per 100,000

57 57

58 58 Uniform Crime Report 2010

59 59 FBI Uniform Crime Reports

60 60 International Traffic in Women


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