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Prepared by Geryavenko Sofia and Markina Julia A-301.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepared by Geryavenko Sofia and Markina Julia A-301."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepared by Geryavenko Sofia and Markina Julia A-301

2 Definitions Discrimination is treating one particular group of people less favorably than others because of their race, age, nationality, ethnic or national origin, religion or gender identity. Gender discrimination is discrimination against a person or group on the grounds of sex or gender identity.

3 Private Life Employment Education Political sphere

4 1848 First women’s Rights convention 1960 Birth control pills approved 1973 Right to safe and legal abortion 1986 Sexual Harassment Act

5 Employment 1963 Equal Pay Act 1964 Civil Rights Act 1978 Discrimination against pregnant women banned

6 Employment Source: United States Department of Labor

7 The Equal Pay Act of 1963 It requires the employer to pay equal wages within the establishment to men and women doing equal work on jobs requiring equal skill, effort, and responsibility, which are performed under similar working conditions.

8 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 It prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

9 Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 Prohibits discrimination because of pregnancy: 1.Employers cannot refuse to employ a woman because of pregnancy or terminate her 2.They cannot force her to go on leave at an arbitrary point during pregnancy or penalize of pregnancy in reinstatement rights

10 Education 1880The Women's Educational Equity Act (WEAA) Goals: promotion educational equality for women authorized federal grants to develop and evaluate curricula and textbooks and to promote educational equity for disabled women and girls

11 Political sphere Amendment Act (the right to vote) 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first female justice

12 Political sphere 1997 Madeleine Albright becomes the first female United States Secretary of State 2005 Condoleezza Rice becomes the first female African American Secretary of State

13 Women’s Organizations NOW membership of 500,000 contributing members. 3.consists of 550 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the D.C.

14 Women’s Organizations membership of 300,000 contributing members. 3.consists of 250 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the D.C. League of Women Voters (Before 1920-The National American Woman Suffrage Association)

15 Cases 1.Roe v. Wade1.Roe v. Wade (1973) 2.Cleveland Bd. of Ed. V. LaFleur2.Cleveland Bd. of Ed. V. LaFleur (1974) 3.Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson3.Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson (1986) 4.Johnson v. Transportation Agency (1987)Johnson v. Transportation Agency 5.Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Serv., Inc.5.Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Serv., Inc. (1987) 6.Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools (1992) 7.Faragher v. City of Boca Raton (1998) 8.Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education (1999)Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public SchoolsFaragher v. City of Boca RatonDavis v. Monroe County Board of Education

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