2Physical health Lower class = lower life expectancy Public clinics vs. expensive treatmentsLifestyle differences
3Physical Health, continued If you want to get a full sense of how social class affects health, take a ride on Washington’s Metro system. Staring in the blighted Southeast section of downtown D.C. For every mile you travel to where the wealthy live in Montgomery County, life expectancy rises about a year and a half. By the time you get off, you will find a twenty year gap between the poor blacks where you started your trip and the rich whites where you ended it. – (Cohen 2004)The lower someone’s class, the earlier they are likely to die before the expected age.social class opens and closes doors to health careneed to use public clinics, cannot afford treatments or hospital visitslifestyle differences—more likely to smoke, eat fat, abuse drugs/alcohol, little exercise, practice unsafe sexWith such big problems, its hard to get worked up about little things. Plus, small joys in life, since can’t have the larger joys of success, good living.
4Mental Health Poor: more stress = worse mental health Higher stress in the lower classes, harder to deal with – more likely to be laid off, lower wages, more likely a victim of a crime, have more physical illnessesWhat can the rich do to relieve stress?higher classes can take vacations, afford psychiatrists. Class position gives them greater control over their lives, a key to good mental (and physical)health
7Family LifePoor: higher stress, less money, more marital friction = More divorce and “broken homes”
8Show: “Social Classes in the Professional World” Choice of husband or wife – capitalists and higher classes may limit “eligible partners” to keep the “family line”Divorce – much higher rates in the lower classes – higher stress, less money, more marital frictionMore children in broken homesLooking at middle class familieshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yR_O309A1BI
9child rearing practices Working classclear authority with children; physical punishmentMiddle classreasoning, concerted cultivation with children; verbal punishment
10Education: Richest: elite private schools (bypass public education) Rich: better public schools or movePoor: local public schoolDelbarton –good enough for the Christie kids
11Show “Trading Schools” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MXBUdwKk4Fw(4:57) Trading Schools (NEW) – Oprahgroups of students trade schools - see mental detectors; gym stuffdifferent/harder curriculum2 dozen AP classes vs. 2
12Socialization: Different curriculum in school Higher order/creative thinking vs. following orders/prep for regimented tasksOften less “financial life skills” taughtKeeping checkbook, paying bills, cashing checks, costs of credit cards, etc.
13College: Loans vs. Help with tuition Borrowing for college: Public/community vs. expensive/privateBorrowing for college:assume $30,000 a year that’s $120,000 for 4 years.Rates are low: 3.25% a year interest rate (usually much higher)Upon graduating: pay $857 a month for 15 years. (~10284 a year)Borrowed: $120,000 – total interest payments: $34,243
14The Statistics Don’t Lie: Having a college education earns you more money over your lifetime Information from the U.S. Census Bureau 2008 report reinforces the value of a college education: workers 25 and over with a bachelor’s degree earn an average of $60,954 a year, while those with a high school diploma earn $33,618. Workers with a master's degree make an average of $71,236, and those with a doctoral degree earn an average of $99,995, and a professional degree earns an average of $125,622. Looking at it from a different view, over an adult's working life (45 years), high school graduates can expect, on average, to earn $1.5 million; those with a bachelor's degree, $2.7 million; and people with a master's degree, $3.2 million. Persons with doctoral degrees earn an average of $4.5 million during their working life, while those with professional degrees do best at $5.6 million (http://militaryfinance.umuc.edu/education/index.html)
15Politics In general: Upper Lower higher the social class, more likely Republican. Lower, the more likely Democrats.Upperliberal on social issues, conservative on fiscal issues.Lowerliberal on fiscal issues, conservative on social issues.
16Crime More lower class people in prison Less opportunity Cannot afford good lawyers
17Review: (Without notes) In groups make T-chart – benefits of being rich and costs of being poor
18Being Rich vs. Being Poor Benefits of being richHave an education (and access to better ones – better schools)Have connections/friends(all of the above)Costs of being poorCouldn’t afford college or better education – stuck with what they’ve gotNeed to borrow money (when buying cars, etc.); reliant upon credit, get deeper in debtCan’t move easily (don’t have a vehicle or money to pay a moving truck)Don’t have extra money (car breaks down or get a ticket, they are in trouble)Don’t have a car (can’t easily get to work or to better malls or to Sam’s club or Walmart and cheaper food)Can’t afford vacations (and no car – means no cheap ones)Lousy Christmas – difficulty with buying gifts, going out (things you don’t think about – “oh everyone is throwing in $10 to get Betty a wedding shower gift)Time: Wait at the Laundromat, wait to take bus, etc.Payday services, check cashing, – or penalties on bank overdrafts or credit card billsPay high rent in bad neighborhood (can’t afford to move or to buy a house)Low education – lower skills, lower wages