Presentation on theme: "The Alps: everyone’s heritage. Welcome to Country Before we start, we acknowledge and pay our respects to the traditional owners of this country, in particular."— Presentation transcript:
The Alps: everyone’s heritage
Welcome to Country Before we start, we acknowledge and pay our respects to the traditional owners of this country, in particular the elders and all those traditional owners that may be present today.
Jaitmathang Aboriginal Tribe “So little is known about them, so few are the relics that they left behind, and so difficult is the country they inhabited that they must remain as the least known of the Aborigines of Victoria”. – Massola 1969: 152 Bogong Moth
1830’s – Mining. Cassilis Mine – near Swifts Creek
1850’s Cattle grazing And with grazing came infrastructure. Blairs Hut
Later the stock routes became roads which increased the access to the Alps In early times there were no roads in the Alps - original access to the area was on horseback.
1890’s – Recreational activities began – small numbers only Mount Feathertop
1920’s Kiewa Hydro Scheme Before the scheme… …Today
Hydro infrastructure A queduct being built on the Bogong High Plains 45km of aqueducts were constructed to divert water from adjoining catchments
Human interactions with the Alps 6000 years ago Today Cook landed Grazing started 1830-Gold rush 1890’s Recreation 1920’s-Hydro Scheme 1940’s-Ski Resorts 1940’s-Logging Confirmed Indigenous Use
The Alps are only a very small part of Australia
Alpine National Park ,000 hectares Bogong National Park ,000 ha
1989: the Australian Alps National Parks Program was proclaimed This includes * Namadgi National Park Kosciuszko National Park Alpine National Park Baw Baw National Park Snowy River National Park Mt Buffalo National Park
Mt Everest 8848m Mt Aconcagua 6959m Mt Matterhorn 4478m Mt Bogong 1986m Compared to other mountains around the world Australia’s are small. They are also relatively flat.
Why is it a National Park? place of outstanding scenic value rare and threatened plants rare and threatened communities research projects
Mountain pygmy possum Burramys parvus rare and threatened animals Alpine Funnel Web Spotted Tree Frog Alpine She-oak skink Alpine Water Skink
preservation of cultural sites Cope Hut – built in 1929, specifically for recreation Red Robin gold mine – still operational today
So, how do we ‘manage’ this… (and what exactly does management mean anyway?)
Recreation (and other users of the Park) – what types are there? Bushwalking / hiking – over 300km’s of walking tracks Mt. Bogong Summit
So what’s the problem? Lots of different types of uses – why can’t we have them all?
Protection of environmental values Erosion, catchment stability, sedimentation, water quality, water quantity
Dangers of land clearing … Mt Hotham, approx 1985
Frost heave Created when bare ground exists
Vegetation depletion and degradation
Protection of rare and threatened plants
Protection of rare and threatened animals
So now we see the potential problems… How do we fix (manage) this?
Management Plan –Public consultation –Signed off by the Minister for Environment –Includes all activities allowed in the park –Directs management activities Sets out clearly what can and can’t happen in the park and in what areas –According to what the majority of the public want
Tracks that look like this……. …..should look like this. Well maintained tracks – direct people
Signage – letting people know what you can and can’t do
Toilets – stops people using the bush
Focus recreation in certain areas – protects other areas of significance
Pretty Valley Camping Area – focus for visitors - with toilet, picnic table and fire place.
Maintain vehicle tracks, so people don’t create a bigger road by driving around Harden off surfaces
Seasonal and management gate closures – protects park values
Yellow Hawkweed Recreation (people) can also bring in weeds - weed control protects park values
Monitoring to ensure park values are maintained
Supply huts for safety and recreational use….. …..especially in winter
Supply other areas for intensive recreation – such as Falls Creek. These areas still have an impact on the park such as weeds, seed dispersal and runoff.
Remote areas mean we use helicopters a lot – adds to complexity of management
What else do Rangers do….
Fire Management Fire Recovery programs
Climate Change – what are we doing about it…… Effects of Climate Change: Warmer planet = less snow = less Mountain Pygmy Possums (more predation, no hibernation, change in plants = no food) Warmer planet = less snow = less water will be released at the end of winter or stored in the mossbeds = less water for the rivers increasing the drought Other animals will move up into the Alps more, such as the reptile eating bird the Kookaburra = less rare and threatened skinks. Changes in plants that grow in Alps = may mean more fire
Research into the effect of increase In temperature on plants Increased effort in Mountain Pygmy Possum protection