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HTML5: Risky Business or Hidden Security Tool Chest Johannes B. Ullrich, Ph.D.

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Presentation on theme: "HTML5: Risky Business or Hidden Security Tool Chest Johannes B. Ullrich, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 HTML5: Risky Business or Hidden Security Tool Chest Johannes B. Ullrich, Ph.D.

2 About Me Hosted by OWASP & the NYC Chapter Dean of Research, SANS Technology Institute Living in Jacksonville FL (aka Southern GA) SANS Internet Storm Center https://isc.sans.edu Created DShield.org Instructor for SANS Past: Physicist, Web Developer

3 What is HTML5 Collection of JavaScript APIs supported by some modern browsers in some ways and sometimes they even work. Features to enable modern desktop like applications and support mobile devices 5 th Revision of the HTML Standard

4 What is this talk about? Ideas to improve security by using HTML5 responsibly What are some of the security challenges that HTML5 addresses well (or doesn’t) What are some of the limitations we have to consider

5 Authentication Exclusive vs. Inclusive Authentication Methods: – Inclusive: Proof the identity of the user – Exclusive: Disproof the identity of the user

6 What the Factor? Segway: Multi Factor Authentication Single Factor: Password Two Factor: Password AND (Token|Biometric) 1 ½ Factor: Password and Cookie ½ Factor: Password OR (Token|Biometric)

7 HTML5 Components Local Storage / Session Storage Canvas Geolocation Media Capture Notifications Accelerometer Encryption

8 Local and Session Storage New JavaScript API to store data on client Protected by “same origin” Local Storage: – No defined expiration – Accessible by all browser windows Session Storage: – Expired when window is closed – Scope limited to current window

9 Local Storage: Persistent Cookie Alternative to Flash cookie for “1 ½ Factor” login Part of an “Evercookie” Can be used for good (additional authentication) or evil (more user tracking) Exposed to XSS attacks Similar to cookies in scope and security

10 Session Storage: Identifying users Can be used to store session token Breaks CSRF (good!) User is logged out when they close the browser window (not entire browser) Multiple users can use the same browser (is this a good thing?) Easier log out, more secure session tracking, can be used alongside cookies.

11 Risks Risks: Storing too much data on the client! Can’t enforce “secure” transmission over SSL Can’t protect from JavaScript/XSS (no httponly) Examples: – storing confidential data on mobile devices – Pushing data to the client the client is not authorized to see.

12 Can I use it?

13 Canvas Allows drawing in the browser Interactive image applications Can be used for graphical login schemes – CAPTCHAs – Pattern based login

14 Image Login Display image, user identifies features Done in Windows 8/RT for mobile login (“Pattern Login”, “Picture Password”) Image: Microsoft

15 “Connect the Dots” Implemented in Android Good user acceptance for mobile login No good studies yet as to how users select patterns Image: Extremetech.com

16 Demo Demo: “Connect the Dots” for the web See Github for code repository

17 Can I use it?

18 Geolocation JavaScript API provides access to devices built in sensors like GPS Can be very accurate Can also be spoofed easily Image: Mozilla.org

19 Geolocation for Authentication Only useful on mobile devices Can be used to exclude users, but not to replace traditional authentication Observe sudden changes in location Combine with careful browser fingerprinting techniques

20 Can I use it?

21 Media Capture aka getUserMedia/Stream API Limited support (Chrome, Firefox, Blackberry) Some potential for biometrics: – Face recognition – Hand signals / gestures – Fingerprint?

22 Implementations Face recognition libraries: –

23 Difficulties Hard to acquire sufficient detail So far, in particular on mobile devices, more of a gimmick then a serious authentication feature Possibility to use “finger print”, but current cameras not sufficient to acquire image

24 Can I use it?

25 Accelerometer Only useful for mobile devices Move the phone in a pattern to authenticate Detect step/walking pattern Detect if user/phone is at rest or on the move Can be spoofed (but not readily) Not easy to reproduce Adding sensors like compass may help.

26 Can I use it?

27 Notifications Popup Notifications sent by the server to notify the user Initiated by server – Local Notifications: Require browser to be open, widely supported – Push Notifications: Safari Only

28 Bad stuff happened! Notify the user of security relevant events: – “Someone is trying to log in as you” User needs to accept notifications Notifications no 100% reliable Not “out of band” (can be faked, intercepted) Safari Notifications may be useful for one time passwords (OTP)

29 Can I use it?

30 Encryption Client side encryption Allows encryption of specific sensitive fields (e.g. payment data, passwords) Intermediate services (proxies, web services) don’t need to know the information Upcoming: CryptoAPI (June 2013) Until then: https://www.pidder.de/pidcrypt/

31 Client side password hashing Server sends random “nonce” as part of login form. Client calculates hash from password/nonce Passes hash to server Server verifies hash Advantage: Server never gets to know the “real” password.

32 Signup Use enters password Client hashes password Password hash transmitted to server Salt: Username? Provided by server? Changing password: Same procedure, salt may change.

33 Summary Lots of cool and useful tools in HTML5 Use them as appropriate “HTML5” itself isn’t the risk. Bad coding is the risk Understand privacy issues Understand user behavior Share your code an experiences (OWASP!!)

34 Thanks! ! Thanks ! Questions? Daily Updates * Daily Podcast * Live Data Feeds


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