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Animals Lesson 5: Activity 2 Cow Cellular Respiration 1 Environmental Literacy Project Michigan State University.

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Presentation on theme: "Animals Lesson 5: Activity 2 Cow Cellular Respiration 1 Environmental Literacy Project Michigan State University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Animals Lesson 5: Activity 2 Cow Cellular Respiration 1 Environmental Literacy Project Michigan State University

2 Animals use food in two ways 2 FoodDigestion Materials for growth: Biosynthesis Energy: Cellular respiration

3 How do oxygen and food help a cow use energy to move?

4 Where are atoms moving from? Where are atoms moving to? The Movement Question

5 Which atoms and molecules move during cellular respiration? water carbon dioxideoxygen glucose

6 water carbon dioxideoxygen glucose How do glucose, oxygen, water, and carbon dioxide move through the cow?

7 What happens inside a muscle cell during cellular respiration? Chemical change

8 How Atoms Bond Together in Molecules Atoms in stable molecules always have a certain number of bonds to other atoms: – Carbon: 4 bonds – Oxygen: 2 bonds – Hydrogen: 1 bond Oxygen atoms do NOT bond to other oxygen atoms if they can bond to carbon or hydrogen instead. Chemical energy is stored in bonds between atoms – Some bonds (C-C and C-H) have high chemical energy – Other bonds (C-O and O-H) have low chemical energy

9 Making the Reactant Molecules: Sugar and Oxygen Cellular respiration occurs when sugar (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) reacts with oxygen (O 2 ). Make a molecule of sugar and oxygen on the reactant side of your Molecular Models poster: 1.Get the atoms you will need to make your molecules. Can you figure out from the formula for sugar how many C, H, and O atoms you will need? 2.Use the bonds to make models of a sugar molecule (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) and at least 6 oxygen molecules (O 2, with a double bond) 3.Identify the high-energy bonds (C-C and C-H) by putting twist ties on them. How many high energy bonds does a molecule of sugar have? 4.Compare your molecules to the pictures on the next slide. Are they the same?

10 10 Photo of reactant molecules: H 6 C 12 O 6 (sugar) and O 2 (oxygen) Start by making the molecules and energy units of the reactants and putting them on the reactants side, then rearrange the atoms and energy units to show the products. Remember: Atoms last forever (so you can rearrange atoms into new molecules, but can’t add or subtract atoms). Energy lasts forever (so you can change forms of energy, but energy units can’t appear or go away). Chemical change Reactants Products Glucose Oxygen

11 Rearranging the Atoms to Make Product Molecules: Carbon Dioxide and Water Cellular respiration occurs when sugar (C 6 H 12 O 6 ) reacts with oxygen (O 2 ) to produce carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water (H 2 O). Show how this can happen: 1.The reaction breaks the bonds in the molecules, so their bonds can break. Now they can recombine into carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water vapor (H 2 O). Make as many of these molecules as you can from one sugar molecule. 2.Figure out numbers of molecules: a)How many O 2 molecules do you need to combine with one sugar molecule? b)How many CO 2 and H 2 O molecules are produced by respiring one molecule? 3.Remember, atoms last forever. So you can make and break bonds, but you still need the same atoms. 4.Remember, energy lasts forever. What forms of energy do the twist ties represent now? 5.Compare your molecules to the pictures on the next slide. Are they the same?

12 12 Photo of product molecules: CO 2 (carbon dioxide) and H 2 O (water) Start by making the molecules and energy units of the reactants and putting them on the reactants side, then rearrange the atoms and energy units to show the products. Remember: Atoms last forever (so you can rearrange atoms into new molecules, but can’t add or subtract atoms). Energy lasts forever (so you can change forms of energy, but energy units can’t appear or go away). Chemical change Reactants Products Water Carbon dioxide

13 13 Comparing photos of reactant and product molecules Start by making the molecules and energy units of the reactants and putting them on the reactants side, then rearrange the atoms and energy units to show the products. Remember: Atoms last forever (so you can rearrange atoms into new molecules, but can’t add or subtract atoms). Energy lasts forever (so you can change forms of energy, but energy units can’t appear or go away). Chemical change Reactants Products Water Carbon dioxide Glucose Oxygen

14 Reactants Products Chemical change Glucose Oxygen Water Motion and heat energy Carbon Dioxide 14 What happens to atoms and energy in cellular respiration?

15 Reactants Products Chemical change Glucose Oxygen Water Motion and heat energy Carbon Dioxide What happens to carbon atoms and chemical energy in cellular respiration? 15 Carbon atoms become part of carbon dioxide molecules and Chemical energy is transformed into energy for cell work and heat energy.

16 Tracing every atom through cellular respiration Optional Slides 16

17 Reactants Products Chemical change Glucose Oxygen Water Carbon Dioxide 17 What happens to atoms and energy during cellular respiration? Motion and heat energy

18 Reactants Products Chemical change Glucose Oxygen Water Carbon Dioxide Carbon atoms become part of carbon dioxide molecules. 18 What happens to carbon atoms during cellular respiration? Motion and heat energy

19 Reactants Products Chemical change Glucose Oxygen Water Carbon Dioxide Oxygen and hydrogen atoms become part of carbon dioxide and water molecules. 19 What happens to oxygen and hydrogen atoms during cellular respiration? Motion and heat energy

20 Reactants Products Chemical change Glucose Oxygen Water Carbon Dioxide 20 What happens to chemical energy during cellular respiration? Motion and heat energy Chemical energy is transformed into energy for cell work and heat energy.

21 Reactants Products Chemical change Glucose Oxygen Water Carbon Dioxide 21 What happens to atoms and energy during cellular respiration? Motion and heat energy Atoms last forever! Energy lasts forever!

22 Writing a Chemical Equation Chemists use chemical equations to show how atoms of reactant molecules are rearranged to make product molecules Writing the equation in symbols: Chemists use an arrow to show how reactants change into products: [reactant molecule formulas]  product molecule formulas] Saying it in words: Chemists read the arrow as “yield” or “yields:” [reactant molecule names] yield [product molecule names] Equations must be balanced: Atoms last forever, so reactant and product molecules must have the same number of each kind of atom Try it: can you write a balanced chemical equation to show the chemical change when animals move (use energy)?

23 23 Chemical equation for cellular respiration C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2  6 CO H 2 O (in words: sugar reacts with oxygen to yield carbon dioxide and water)

24 Three Questions Poster QuestionRules to FollowEvidence to Look For The Movement Question: Where are atoms moving? Where are atoms moving from? Where are atoms going to? Atoms last forever in combustion and living systems All materials (solids, liquids, and gases) are made of atoms When materials change mass, atoms are moving When materials move, atoms are moving The Carbon Question: What is happening to carbon atoms? What molecules are carbon atoms in before the process? How are the atoms rearranged into new molecules? Carbon atoms are bound to other atoms in molecules Atoms can be rearranged to make new molecules The air has carbon atoms in CO 2 Organic materials are made of molecules with carbon atoms Foods Fuels Living and dead plants and animals The Energy Question: What is happening to chemical energy? What forms of energy are involved? How is energy changing from one form to another? Energy lasts forever in combustion and living systems C-C and C-H bonds have more stored chemical energy than C-O and H-O bonds We can observe indicators of different forms of energy Organic materials with chemical energy Light Heat energy Motion

25 Can you answer the Three Questions for cellular respiration now? What are your ideas? The Movement Question: Where atoms moving? (Where are atoms moving from? Where are atoms going to?) The Carbon Question: What is happening to carbon atoms? (What molecules are carbon atoms in before the process? How are the atoms rearranged into new molecules?) The Energy Question: What is happening to chemical energy? (What forms of energy are involved? How is energy changing from one form to another?)

26 26 What happens when animals move (use energy)? Remember: Atoms last forever and Energy lasts forever What forms of energy are in the reactants? What molecules are carbon atoms in before the change? What other molecules are involved? Where are atoms moving from? What forms of energy are in the products? What molecules are carbon atoms in after the change? What other molecules are produced? Where are atoms moving to? Chemical change

27 Oxygen comes in and carbon dioxide comes out of nose and mouth In lungs, O 2 and CO 2 are exchanged in blood In all cells, glucose is broken down to release energy in bonds


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