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F# and its 11 features Guanru Li 2011 ACM class. F# is …... a programming language.

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Presentation on theme: "F# and its 11 features Guanru Li 2011 ACM class. F# is …... a programming language."— Presentation transcript:

1 F# and its 11 features Guanru Li 2011 ACM class

2 F# is …... a programming language.

3 F# is …... a functional programming language

4 F# is …... a functional programming language for.NET

5 F# is …... a functional and object oriented programming language for.NET

6 F# is …... a functional, object oriented and imperative programming language for.NET

7 F# is …... a multi-paradigm programming language for.NET

8 F# is …...a multi-paradigm programming language for.NET, ideally suited for technical, symbolic and algorithmic applications

9 F#

10 Why named F#? ► C# ► Functional programming

11 Hello F#, Hello n factorial printfn "Hello F#!“ let rec factorial n = match n with | 0 -> 1 | _ -> n * factorial(n - 1)

12 Feature 1 of 11 ► Functional programming let f (g: int -> int) y = g y let increment x = x + 1 let a = f increment 100 ► Lambda expression let f (g: int -> int) y = g y let a = f (fun x -> x + 1) 100

13 Feature 2 of 11 ► Compose the functions! let function1 x = x + 1 let function2 x = x * 2 let h = function1 >> function2 let a = h 100

14 Feature 3 of 11 ► Collection types for immutable data ► Usage: ??

15 Feature 4 of 11 ► Pattern matching (x is a list) let length x = match x with | [] -> “0” | [ _ ] -> “1” | [ _; _ ] -> “2” | _ -> “Too Long!”

16 Feature 5 of 11 ► Discriminated unions type Shape = | Circle of float | Square of double let area myShape = match myShape with | Circle r -> 3.14*r*r | Square r -> s*s

17 Feature 6 of 11 ► Interactive programming

18 Feature 7 of 11 ► Lazy computations & lazy evaluation let x = 10 let result = lazy (x + 10) do something printfn "%d" (result.Force())

19 Feature 8 of 11 ► Object oriented ► Class & inherit ► Single inheritance

20 Feature 9 of 11 ► Imperative programming ► Like C, C++, Java

21 Feature 10 of 11 ► Generics and type inference let makeList a b = [a; b] makeList 1 2 let function1 a = a + 1

22 Feature 11 of 11 ► Asynchronous workflows ► ??

23

24 Reference ► amming_language) ---- wikipedia F sharp amming_language) amming_language) ► dd MSDN F# reference dd dd ► 870.htm CTO.com F# new features 870.htm 870.htm

25 Q&A


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