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Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales Meeting of the Working Group 1 of the XV IACML Panel 2 - "The responses.

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Presentation on theme: "Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales Meeting of the Working Group 1 of the XV IACML Panel 2 - "The responses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales Meeting of the Working Group 1 of the XV IACML Panel 2 - "The responses of Ministries of Labor and the perspective of social Actors to the current economic crisis Washington May 20, 2009

2 2 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Responses to the Argentinean crisis (2001 – 2002)

3 3 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. In the year 2003 the State recovers its role as state, installing decent work in the center of public policies. A model of central growth centered in the production to generate quality employment was defined as a pillar to promote social inclusion and strengthen democratic governance. The promotion of decent work as State policy

4 4 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. INSTITUTIONAL RECOVERY Re-installation of labor inspection Simplification of registration. Impulse to social dialogue and collective negociatión Reform of the labor norms.

5 5 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. INCOME POLICY Fixed Salary increments Implementation of the transference programs of income throught families. Extension of the welfare coverage Applied increases on the minimun salary.

6 6 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. EMPLOYMENT POLICY Employment Offices Network (Municipalities). Policies of training and prefessional formation. RSE Program for Decent Work Insurance for unemployment with a non contributive origin

7 7 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Strong coordination or articulation of policies (Ministries of Economy, Foreign Affairs, Social Development, Health, etc.) New institutional conditions Technical Assistance (ILO / UNPRE – IDB / ECLAC / UNPD). Re-activation of Institutional Federal Spaces (CFT). Regional Iniciatives (CREM-Mercosur Strategy of Growth andEmployment). Establishing conditions for the new political agenda and the new context

8 8 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Obtained Results Annual Growth average of the GNP 2,9%8,6% Employment Elasticity - Product 0,45%0,62% Annual Occupation Growth (in thousands pf persons) Unemployment (accumulated in millions) +1,6-1,8 Registered Employment (annual in thousands of persons) Industrial Employment (in thousands of persons) -17,6+98 Collective Negotiation (annual average of agreements and conventions) Net change in the number of enterprises -17 mil+90 mil

9 9 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Fuente: MTEySS – Social Security Secretary The welfare coverage of senior adults passes from a 47% to a 92.8% Obtained Results

10 10 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Specific Responses against the international crisis

11 11 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Although the crisis striked the labor market, the registered employment continues to show growth in inter-annual terms. The rate of unemployment didnt rise, still this is due to the unregistered employment growth. The adjustment of employment is verified more by a contraction of the incorporations than by a arise of the dismissals. Around half of the announced dismissals by the enterprises in the last months are in a negotiation processes. Employment in the Argentina of the crisis

12 12 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Fuente: MTEySS – SSPTyEL, en base a EIL. Evolution of the incorporations and laid-offs

13 13 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Articulation of the policies to face the crisis (institucional and economic policies) Industrial Policy : Support to the SMEs. Conditioned credit to employment manteinance Credit Lines to re-activate consumption Macro-economic Policy : Public investments Program in infraestructure. Nationalization of the Social Security system : Allows to direct the investment of the savings to long term projects with high social impact. Institucional Policy : Creation of the Ministry of Production. Policies for Sectorial Support with clauses for the defense of employment. Creation of the Table of Production and Employment. Anti-crisis Policies (defense of employment and social welfare) BOARD OF PRODUCTION AND EMPLOYMENT

14 14 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Articulation of the policies to face the crisis II (social and labor policies) Labor Policy : Application of the Preventive Crisis Procedure (PPC) to avoid downsizing. Budgetary expansion of the Programa de Recuperación Productiva (REPRO). Intensification of Training Programs. Reduction of employers contribution in case of employment formalization. Extension of Training and Employment Insurance. Social protection Policy : Raise in the allocationd for families. Increase of programs of direct transfers. Statization and extension of the Welfare System. Increase of the retired and pensioned by application of the Law of Movility Anti-crisis Policies (defense of employment and social welfare) BOARD OF PRODUCTION AND EMPLOYMENT

15 15 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON OF THE EVOLUTION OF THE RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT VARIACION 1° Trim 08 / 1° Trim 09 Pa í s1° Trim 081° Trim 09Variaci ó n Argentina8,4 0,0% Alemania7,9 0,0% Brasil8,48,61,6% Portugal7,78,49,1% Francia7,89,015,4% Chile7,69,221,1% M é xico3,95,028,5% Suecia5,57,943,6% Estados Unidos5,38,866,0% Espa ñ a9,617,480,3% Irlanda4,89,9106,3% Fuente: SSPTyEL, en base a Institutos de Estad í sticas Nacionales y Eurostat. Rate of unemployment at international level

16 16 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. The characteristics of the current economic and finantial global crisis make difficult to predict its evolution and its impact in different countries. Due to this, the importance of the public policies accentuates, in order to mitigate the negative effects on the population and on the internal transmission mechanisms There isnt a unique form of orchestrate the relation between globalization and its social impact : is important to recognize the levels of freedom of the national policies. 16 Subsecretaria de Programación Técnica y Estudios Laborales As conclusion

17 17 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. Coordination of the policies as leading framework before the crisis Role of the ML: the compliance of the labor rights and the defense of employment Encourage social dialogue and collective negociation Assurance of social protection 17 Subsecretaria de Programación Técnica y Estudios Laborales PROPOSALS

18 18 Dirección de Asuntos Internacionales, Ministerio de Trabajo, Empleo y Seguridad Social. ¡Thank you!


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