Presentation on theme: "The Abecedarian Project: Implications for Programs in the First 3 Years of Life May 14-18, 2007, Washington DC, USA Thank you for inviting me to Norfolk."— Presentation transcript:
1The Abecedarian Project: Implications for Programs in the First 3 Years of Life May 14-18, 2007, Washington DC, USAThank you for inviting me to Norfolk. It’s always a pleasure to talk about the Abecedarian Program.
2Abecedarian Investigators Craig T. Ramey, Ph.D.Joseph J. Sparling, Ph.D.Barbara H. Wasik, Ph.D.Donna M. Bryant, Ph.D.I want to acknowledge my colleagues. Especially Dr. Craig Ramey who was the principal investigator on all of the Abecedarian studies.
3Research evidence comes from 3 longitudinal research projects Abecedarian Project,Project CARE,Infant Health and Development Program,1985 –All are “Gold Standard” researchThese are the projects that Dr. Ramey directed. I’ve had the pleasure of being an investigator and the curriculum developer on all 3. All of these are Abecedarian studies.
4What does it mean? a·be·ce·dar·i·an (a´bē·cē·dâr´ē·ən) noun, adjectiveone learning the rudiments of something (as the alphabet) Etymology: Middle English abecedary, from Medieval Latin abecedarium alphabet, from Late Latin, neuter of abecedarius of the alphabet, from the letters a + b + c + dPeople sometimes ask me if Abecedarian (or Abecedarian) is a real word. Indeed it is. It comes from Latin and means one who is learning the rudiments – such as one who learns the alphabet. You’ll notice that it has the letters a, b, c, d
5What does it mean? a·be·ce·dar·i·an (a´bē·cē·dâr´ē·ən) noun, adjective s.(learner) persona que aprende el abecedario(novice) novicio, novatoadj.(of the alphabet) alfabético(elementary) rudimentario, elementalPeople sometimes ask me if Abecedarian (or Abecedarian) is a real word. Indeed it is. It comes from Latin and means one who is learning the rudiments – such as one who learns the alphabet. You’ll notice that it has the letters a, b, c, d
6Key Findings from the Abecedarian Project 18 Months to 21 Years of AgeIntelligence (IQ, including language)Reading and math skillsAcademic locus-of-controlSocial CompetenceYears in school,including collegeFull-time employmentGrade RepetitionSpecial EducationplacementTeen PregnanciesSmoking and druguseSo let’s get right to the research findings. On the left are features that have been increased and on the right are features that have been decreased through our intervention. I think you would probably agree that these are desirable outcomes that almost any program would like to produce.Plus benefits to mothers of these children (education, employment)Ramey et al., 2000
7Why aren’t results like these commonplace? So why aren’t these results commonplace? I believe it’s because programs typically don’t do the things that are necessary to produce these results. The NCEDL recently looked into preschool classrooms in 6 representative states…
8FPG CDI, 2005, Early Developments Cómo pasan su tiempo la mayoría de niños de pre-kindergarten How most pre-k children spend their time…and found that children were using 21% of their time in routine activities and only 6% in more productive small group instruction. If you follow a single child looking at the teacher-child interaction, the…FPG CDI, 2005, Early Developments
9FPG CDI, 2005, Early Developments Interacción típica entre el maestro y el niño Typical teacher-child interaction…picture is even more bleak. For 73% of that child’s day there is no teacher-child interaction. And in only 8% of the time is there the kind of rich, elaborated interaction that results in rapid learning.FPG CDI, 2005, Early Developments
10What do the teachers do in a birth to age 3 Abecedarian Child Development Center? So that’s what we have tried to do in the Abecedarian Program from 4 months to 4 years. We expect the teachers to be having frequent, rich, productive interactions with the children using a systematic but playful curriculum.
11Atención y cuidado integral LessonsLearnedCurrículo CreativoAtención y cuidado integralAprendamosJugandoLectura con conversaciónCreative CurriculumEnriched CaregivingLearningGamesConversational Reading
12Atención y cuidado integral Enriched Caregiving LessonsLearnedAtención y cuidado integral Enriched CaregivingBonjour! I’m glad to be in Montreal this morning where things of significance are being discussed.
13Atención y cuidado integral Enriched Caregiving Alimentación / Lunch or snack timeVestirse y desvestirse / Dressing and undressingLavado de la cara y las manos / Washing hands and face
14Atención y cuidado integral Enriched Caregiving Paseos / Going for a walkCantar una canción / Singing a songConversación / Conversation
17NoticeI can tell that you’d like to zip your own coat today.NudgeZip with one hand and hold your coat with the other.NarrateYou’re making that zipper go up, up. Nice work!
18Disclaimer: Joseph Sparling has a financial interest in LearningGames The LearningGames curriculum has been a key component of all 3 of our longitudinal research projectsThe LearningGames curriculum has been used in all of our research projects – and so is very closely linked with our research outcomes. At this point I need to make a disclaimer: I am part owner of MindNurture, the company that publishes LearningGames and provides LearningGames training.Disclaimer: Joseph Sparling has a financial interest in LearningGames
190 a 12 meses 0 to 12 months Lessons Learned If you were to look in on an Abecedarian infant group you would expect teachers to…
34Once you learn to use the 3S Strategy with the Conversation Books… LessonsLearnedOnce you learn to use the 3S Strategy with the Conversation Books……you can apply the 3S Strategy to almost all other books
35What are the research results from a program like this?
36Preschool Results (Birth to Age 5) LessonsLearnedPreschool Results (Birth to Age 5)
37% of Sample in Normal IQ Range (>84) by Age (longitudinal analysis) Abecedarian Project% of Sample in Normal IQ Range (>84) by Age (longitudinal analysis)Martin, Ramey, & Ramey, 1990, American Journal of Public Health
38Post-High School Education for Teen Mothers Abecedarian ProjectPost-High School Education for Teen MothersRamey et al, 2000, Applied Developmental Science
43Abecedarian Project Risk-taking and Criminal Activity (Self-reported Data)Campbell, Ramey, et al, 2002, Applied Developmental Science
44Percent in Skilled Job or Higher Education at Age 21 Abecedarian ProjectPercent in Skilled Job or Higher Education at Age 21Campbell, Ramey, et al, 2002, Applied Developmental Science
45Age at Birth of First Child Abecedarian ProjectAge at Birth of First ChildCampbell, Ramey, et al, 2002, Applied Developmental Science
46Our Most Recent Research Results LessonsLearnedOur Most Recent Research Results
47LearningGames Research in 8 US Cities Infant Health and Development ProgramLearningGames Research in 8 US CitiesTheir product is a LOT cheaper than the one you mentioned.Their product is a LOT cheaper than the one you mentioned.Pediatrics, Volume 117, Number 3, March 2006
48LearningGames Research in 8 US Cities Infant Health and Development ProgramLearningGames Research in 8 US CitiesLow birthweight babiesHome visiting from birth – 12 monthsHome visiting & Abecedarian child care from 12 – 36 monthsEnriched caregiving, LearningGames curriculum, and Conversational reading
49LearningGames Research in 8 US Cities Infant Health and Development ProgramLearningGames Research in 8 US CitiesPositive effect for the LearningGames group with bwt. of g. seen at:24 months36 months5 years8 years18 years
50LearningGames Research in 8 US Cities Infant Health and Development ProgramLearningGames Research in 8 US CitiesPositive effects seen at age 18 in:MathVocabulary (cognition)Fewer risk-taking behaviors
51Infant Health and Development Program Curriculum (LearningGames) Variables Predict Positive 36-month Child OutcomesHigh parent interest in the gamesChild mastery of gamesNumber of games implemented with childSparling et al., 1991, Topics in Early Childhood Special EducationLiaw, Meisels, & Brooks-Gunn, 1995, Early Childhood Research Quarterly
52McCormick, et al., 2006, Pediatrics Infant Health and Development Program (Children born between 2000 and 2500 grams) Cognitive Development to Age 18McCormick, et al., 2006, Pediatrics
53LessonsLearned“The heart of early education is a series of stimulating, playful, adult-child interactions”Joseph Sparling
54Each LearningGames activity describes an adult-child interaction (on a single page, front and back) LessonsLearned
60El programa Abecedario puede implementarse en: LessonsLearnedCentros de cuidado infantilHogares de cuidado y educación infantilProgramas de Visitadores de HogaresClases educativas para padresCuidado a cargo de miembros de la familia, amigos y parientesCampañas de información pública
61You can use all or parts of the Abecedarian program in: LessonsLearnedYou can use all or parts of the Abecedarian program in:Child care centersFamily child care homesHome visiting programsParent education classesFamily, friends, and relative carePublic awareness campaigns
62LessonsLearnedInvestment in child development in the first 5 years of life can yield significant, long term benefits for children, families, and community
63Joseph Sparling, Ph.D. Georgetown University & University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill MindNurture, Inc. phone: