Presentation on theme: "3 rd Conditional Developed by Ivan Seneviratne. Conditional sentences have at least two clauses: If clauses and Then clauses. Examples: If I go into."— Presentation transcript:
3 rd Conditional Developed by Ivan Seneviratne
Conditional sentences have at least two clauses: If clauses and Then clauses. Examples: If I go into town tomorrow, then I will see a movie. If he spoke Chinese, then he would work as a guide in China. If they had been faster, then they would have won the race. If and Then Clauses
If clauses present the condition. Examples: If I go into town tomorrow… If he spoke Chinese… If they had been faster… If Clauses (the condition)
Then clauses present the results. Examples: … then I will see a movie. … then he would work as a guide in China. … then they would have won the race. Then Clauses (the results)
The word “ then ” is optional, but the clause is still the result of the condition. So it is a “ then ” clause, without the word “ then.” There are special rules for leaving out the word “ if ”. We will learn them later. If and Then Clauses
The four words that NEVER (well, almost never) appear in the If clause are: will, won’t, would, wouldn’t Example: If we will see it, we will be angry. Never use a future tense twice in a conditional sentence. Example: This is not correct: If it will rains, I will stay home Remember
“Making believe” about the past, assuming something that wasn’t true. Form: If had V (past participle), then would have V (past participle). Example: If we had studied, we would have passed the exam. (Fact: We didn’t study and we didn’t pass the exam.) Conditional III (past event– impossible)
If the girl had not looked both ways when she crossed the street, a car would have hit her. (Fact: She did look both ways, so a car did not hit her.) If the boys had practiced more, they would not have lost the game. (Fact: They did not practice enough, so they lost the game.) Where does the “not” go?
You can drop the “ if ” by moving the “had” to the front. Example: If he had been there, we would have done it. Had he been there, we would have done it. Be careful !! Although you are starting with a “little verb”, this is not a question !! Special Rule
Is the situation possible or impossible? Is the situation in the past or in the present/future? Just Remember The four words that NEVER appear in the If clause: will, won’t, would, wouldn’t
ConditionalFormUsageExample 1st conditional if + present simple, will + infinitive used to talk about possible situations If it's sunny tomorrow, I'll go to the seaside. 2nd conditional if + past simple, would + infinitive used to talk about hypothetical situations If I became rich, I would buy an expensive villa in France. 3rd conditional if + past perfect, would + have + past participle used to talk about hypothetical situations in the past If I hadn't gone to Egypt, I wouldn't have seen the pyramids Conditionals are usually expressed with the if clause first and the future clause second but the order isn't important. Both of these sentences are equally correct.