Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 Area Study 2. 3.2.1 - contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments reflected in different forms of conservation, recreation, primary."— Presentation transcript:
3.2.1 - contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments reflected in different forms of conservation, recreation, primary industries, and tourism practices compare and contrast different contemporary societal relationships with outdoor environments What are the perceptions/views? What interactions are involved? What impacts are caused by these interactions?
Recreation Can involve both Active and passive recreational activities Surfing, Snorkeling, rafting Photography, bird watching Playground, adversary, temple, museum Vegetation damage, limited damage due to connection to area, means people are more likely to look after the environment, erosion of dunes
Tourism Practices Surf Schools, Outdoor Adventure groups, tours Resource to make money, classroom where they can teach people, temple that needs to be protected (eco-tourism) Overuse of some areas leading to erosion and compaction, less damage in areas due to the education of people particiaption
Primary Industries Farming – animal, harvesting, logging, mining etc. Resource Dependent on scale of the activity, ranges from erosion, salinity, loss of biodiversity etc.
Conservation Weed eridaication, vegetation control, fire management, infrastructure development Temple, needs to be protected the area would now be managed with a view to conserving its wilderness value and protecting its endemic flora and fauna. Biodiversity is protected, with native species more likely to survive area is much less likely to have problems with introduced animals or weeds.
What you should have done? Completed Popplet on the different views held about two environments Completed Contemporary Societal Relationship Popplet on a venue of your choice.
3.2.2 – Factors that influence contemporary societal relationships the effects of different technologies commercialisation of outdoor environments and outdoor experiences portrayals of outdoor environments and outdoor experiences in the media, music, art, writing and advertising social responses to risk taking social and political discourses about climate change, water management, biosecurity and other contemporary environmental issues.
Effect of technology Examples of changes in technology that we have seen?
Technological changes New materials: gortex, polar fleece Communication devices: mobile phone coverage, satellite phones, UHF radio Tracking/mapping devices: GPS, Eperbs More streamlined canoes, ski’s and boards, lightweight and quickly drying clothing, lightweight camping gear Stronger gear New activities
Technology Activities are perceived as being safer; therefore we may do something we wouldn’t normally New activities emerge - therefore we may do something we wouldn't’t normally It has enabled us to go faster and manoeuvre through more difficult and challenging environments. Participation in extreme outdoor pursuits has increased as a result. It has also improved techniques associated with recreational activities, which has also enabled people to do the unthinkable.
Enhanced accessibility to environments, as well as allowing recreational abilities of all levels to participate – we go to places we couldn’t always, do things we couldn’t Personal outdoor experiences have been enhanced by technology as the design and development if communication devices; clothing and specialised equipment makes the activity safer and the gear lighter and more effective – do activities that we wouldn’t normally, or for longer etc. Alienated some people from using natural environments. It may also have also caused some people to not interact with natural at all
As a result of technology people can engage in different outdoor activities and recreational pursuits. Without technology these relationships would be different. Technology helps us to move faster, climb further and go to places that we couldn’t before. Map: changes to getting from A to B rather that seeing the environment. The use of the map has changed the relationship between the experience and us. Clothing and equipment: lighter and more comfortable, not as difficult – we can go to places with greater ease or that have been previously impossible to conquer (Mount Everest) Alienated from the outdoor environment, Focus is often not on enjoying the environment, rather the activity,
IMPACTS Remember that you will need to write how these changes in interactions and perceptions may impact on the natural environment
Learning Activities - booklet Technology changes in bushwalking: Answer the following Discuss how views of outdoor experiences would differ between the three time frames. IE. What would be the main motivations for each groups Look at each of the equipment groups and discuss how the technological advances have changed the experience of bushwalkers over these timeframes Select two outdoor activities that we will participate in this year (make sure these are at two different venues that we will visit) and prepare a visual display that demonstrates the changes that have occurred (in detail) and then evaluate the effect these have had on contemporary relationships. FIND 3 OTHER IMAGES’ THAT ARE EXAMPLES OF TECH CHANGES AND SHARE VIA TWITTER - use #mscoes as your hash tag
Evaluate the effect that technology has had on your experiences in outdoor activities whilst at MSC. In your response you should identify a range of changes and then discuss the ways that this has changed the way that you relate to the natural environment Investigate a new material that is now used in equipment in outdoor activities. Compare this to a material that was previously used and then evaluate the way that it has changed relationships.
Effect of commercialisation What is commercialisation? Exploitation of the environment to generate a profit Outdoor experiences can be viewed as commodities to be packaged and sold according to consumer demands Examples of commercialisation Information centres, tours and packages, guide books, grading systems, guides and instructors,
Commercialisation Greater education of the environment - Commercial surfing schools educate their clients about coastal issues and minimal impact appropriate in coastal places. This might lead to more people developing respect for the coastal environment and starting to care about what happens to it. develops a relationship where the environment is not very important as the key factor is the experience – maybe May not want to do the experience again (interaction or view may change) due to overcrowding May visit areas that we wouldn’t
Increased environmental awareness of areas Positive effects on the quality of the outdoor experience = the use of experienced or qualified instructors means that less skills are required by those taking part in adventure. Safety levels are usually higher. Less planning is required by participants. It Results in the experience being more easily accessed by individuals. Negative effects on the quality of the outdoor experience = Organised adventure travel or experiences generally are quite high cost meaning no chance of access for some within our community. It decreases the feeling of remoteness. Participants are usually always being lead, therefore don’t learn appropriate skills, or adventure not gained based on their own decision-making. It may be said that you experience someone else’s idea of adventure.
Portrayals of outdoor events and experiences encourages people to become physically active in natural environments fear of certain places or activities = avoidance a more intimate response to places = connection to a greater desire to visit certain places to do certain things Change ways of doing interactions to look after NE A change in the way we view the NE Change in interactions Change from a relationship focused on NE as a resource focus – what can we get out of the environment – to one of consideration for other species and conservation
Social Responses to Risk Taking fear of certain places or activities = avoidance Cost of activities increases – may not be able to do or go to particular places that are more popular questioning the NEED to participate due to the risk involved, questioning of leader and participant qualifications – less likely to do due to increase of perceived risk Reduction in the opportunity to participate in these activities, May be given a false sense of security and participate in an activity that you wouldn’t normally decrease of sense of adventure and therefore avoid the activity or look to do a different activity – change in interaction
Social and political discourses to environmental issues Change the way that we do activities Stop us from doing certain activities Undertake conservational activities Build a strong connection to an area Visit areas that are threatened Change our view of the NE Become involved in protecting certain natural environments through participation in interest groups such as watershed victoria