Presentation on theme: "Exploration to Early Statehood"— Presentation transcript:
1Exploration to Early Statehood Social Studies Unit 2Exploration to Early Statehood
2What Are We Going to Learn? Why did Europeans come to North America?How was New Jersey colony divided and settled?Why did the colonies want independence from Britain?Why and how was the new Constitution written?How did new forms of transportation change New Jersey?
3Lesson 1 Vocabulary Colony- Demand- A settlement that is ruled by a faraway government.Demand-A need for a product or service by people willing to pay for it.
4Lesson 1 Vocabulary Supply- Slavery- The amount of a product that is available and is offered for sale.Slavery-The practice of holding people against their will and forcing them to work without pay
5Why did Europeans come to North America? Lesson 1Why did Europeans come to North America?
6European Exploration1400s- To reach Asia faster, people thought they could sail west across the Atlantic Ocean1492- Christopher Columbus thought he landed in Asia, however he landed in North America.
7Exploring New Jersey1524- Giovanni da Verrazano- first person to sail to New Jersey
8Exploring New Jersey1609- Henry Hudson was the captain of a Dutch ship sailing for North America.He sailed into New York Bay and up into the river that is now named after him.Claimed Hudson River for the DutchFirst European to encounter the Lenape people
9Question Time! Why did Europeans want a new trade route to Asia? Europeans wanted a faster route to Asia to trade with people there.
10New Netherland A colony started by the Dutch in 1614. Included: Delaware, New York, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
11The Dutch Fur TradeDutch wanted to trade fur with the Lenape people because they could sell them in Europe for high prices.Fur was in high demand (wanted) by people who lived in Europe.The Dutch traded with Lenape to increase the Dutch supply of fur.
12Troubles Begin The Lenape welcomed the Dutch at first. They traded corn and animal fur for Europeans goods such as knives and cloth.They taught the Dutch how to use fire and how to fish.But, the Dutch demanded more fur and when the Lenape wouldn’t supply it, soldiers attacked their village and they began a fight that lasted for six years.
13Dutch Settlements1626- The Dutch began to lay out the town of New Amsterdam. (New York City today)New Amsterdam was the center of government for New Netherland.People planted wheat and raised livestock in the fertile valleys of the Piedmont Region.Brought enslaved people from Africa to help work their farms. (slaves)
14New Sweden1638- People from Sweden settled along the Delaware River which is now Southwestern New Jersey.Swedish people also began trading furs with the Lenape and this upset the Dutch people.1655- Dutch governor took over New Sweden, but most Swedish people stayed.1660- the Dutch settled in Bergen (Jersey City)
15Question Time!Why do you think the Dutch decided to take over New Sweden?In order to trade with the Lenape that the Swedish were trading with.
16The EnglishLike the Dutch, the English had also built colonies along the Atlantic Coast.England wanted control of the entire coast- including New Netherland.
17Founding New JerseyKing Charles II (England) gave his brother James, Duke of York, all of the land between Connecticut and Delaware River.1664- Duke of York sent warships to take over new Netherland. Dutch surrendered.Duke of York gave the name New Jersey to the land between the Hudson River and Delaware River.
18Settlement Over time, some Dutch began adopting English ways of life. At first, Dutch life stayed the same under English rule.Over time, some Dutch began adopting English ways of life.People were encouraged to move to New Jersey and a town began forming.New settlers brought sickness and disease the Lenape were not used to. They relocated to west. (Canada, Wisconsin, and Oklahoma)Few remained and there is a small population of Lenape still in New Jersey today.
19Question Time! Why did the Lenape move west? They moved west to protect themselves from the settlers who were taking over their land and spreading diseases.
20Vocabulary Review CHECK YOUR ANSWERS! Demand- A need for a product or service by people willing to pay for it.Colony- A settlement that is ruled by a faraway governmentSlavery- The practice of holding people against their will and forcing them to work without pay.Supply- The amount of a product that is available and is offered for sale.
21Lesson Review1.Why did Columbus think he could reach Asia by traveling across the Atlantic Ocean?Some Europeans thought they could reach Asia faster by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean.2. Why did Europeans comes to North America?Europeans came to North America to trade, especially fur. They also came to obtain land, and to start settlements.
22Lesson Review 3. Why did the Dutch and the Lenape fight? The Dutch and the Lenape fought because the Dutch wanted more fur and corn but the Lenape wouldn’t give it to them.4. How did the Dutch find help to work their farms?The Dutch found help to work their farms by using slavery. Slavery is holding people against their will to work for you without pay.
23Lesson Review5. How did the Lenape way of life change after the arrival of the Europeans?The Lenape way of life changed after the arrival of the Europeans in many ways. Europeans brought disease, they demanded more furs, they took over their land, and the Lenape food supply was running low.