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Social Studies Unit 2 Exploration to Early Statehood.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Studies Unit 2 Exploration to Early Statehood."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Studies Unit 2 Exploration to Early Statehood

2 What Are We Going to Learn? Why did Europeans come to North America? Why did Europeans come to North America? How was New Jersey colony divided and settled? How was New Jersey colony divided and settled? Why did the colonies want independence from Britain? Why did the colonies want independence from Britain? Why and how was the new Constitution written? Why and how was the new Constitution written? How did new forms of transportation change New Jersey? How did new forms of transportation change New Jersey?

3 Lesson 1 Vocabulary Colony- Colony- A settlement that is ruled by a faraway government. A settlement that is ruled by a faraway government. Demand- Demand- A need for a product or service by people willing to pay for it. A need for a product or service by people willing to pay for it.

4 Lesson 1 Vocabulary Supply- Supply- The amount of a product that is available and is offered for sale. The amount of a product that is available and is offered for sale. Slavery- Slavery- The practice of holding people against their will and forcing them to work without pay The practice of holding people against their will and forcing them to work without pay

5 Lesson 1 Why did Europeans come to North America? Why did Europeans come to North America?

6 European Exploration 1400s- To reach Asia faster, people thought they could sail west across the Atlantic Ocean 1400s- To reach Asia faster, people thought they could sail west across the Atlantic Ocean Christopher Columbus thought he landed in Asia, however he landed in North America Christopher Columbus thought he landed in Asia, however he landed in North America.

7 Exploring New Jersey Giovanni da Verrazano- first person to sail to New Jersey Giovanni da Verrazano- first person to sail to New Jersey

8 Exploring New Jersey Henry Hudson was the captain of a Dutch ship sailing for North America. He sailed into New York Bay and up into the river that is now named after him. Claimed Hudson River for the Dutch First European to encounter the Lenape people

9 Question Time! Why did Europeans want a new trade route to Asia? Why did Europeans want a new trade route to Asia? Europeans wanted a faster route to Asia to trade with people there. Europeans wanted a faster route to Asia to trade with people there.

10 New Netherland A colony started by the Dutch in A colony started by the Dutch in Included: Delaware, New York, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. Included: Delaware, New York, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.

11 The Dutch Fur Trade Dutch wanted to trade fur with the Lenape people because they could sell them in Europe for high prices. Dutch wanted to trade fur with the Lenape people because they could sell them in Europe for high prices. Fur was in high demand (wanted) by people who lived in Europe. Fur was in high demand (wanted) by people who lived in Europe. The Dutch traded with Lenape to increase the Dutch supply of fur. The Dutch traded with Lenape to increase the Dutch supply of fur.

12 Troubles Begin The Lenape welcomed the Dutch at first. The Lenape welcomed the Dutch at first. They traded corn and animal fur for Europeans goods such as knives and cloth. They traded corn and animal fur for Europeans goods such as knives and cloth. They taught the Dutch how to use fire and how to fish. They taught the Dutch how to use fire and how to fish. But, the Dutch demanded more fur and when the Lenape wouldn’t supply it, soldiers attacked their village and they began a fight that lasted for six years. But, the Dutch demanded more fur and when the Lenape wouldn’t supply it, soldiers attacked their village and they began a fight that lasted for six years.

13 Dutch Settlements The Dutch began to lay out the town of New Amsterdam. (New York City today) The Dutch began to lay out the town of New Amsterdam. (New York City today) New Amsterdam was the center of government for New Netherland. New Amsterdam was the center of government for New Netherland. People planted wheat and raised livestock in the fertile valleys of the Piedmont Region. People planted wheat and raised livestock in the fertile valleys of the Piedmont Region. Brought enslaved people from Africa to help work their farms. (slaves) Brought enslaved people from Africa to help work their farms. (slaves)

14 New Sweden People from Sweden settled along the Delaware River which is now Southwestern New Jersey People from Sweden settled along the Delaware River which is now Southwestern New Jersey. Swedish people also began trading furs with the Lenape and this upset the Dutch people. Swedish people also began trading furs with the Lenape and this upset the Dutch people Dutch governor took over New Sweden, but most Swedish people stayed Dutch governor took over New Sweden, but most Swedish people stayed the Dutch settled in Bergen (Jersey City) the Dutch settled in Bergen (Jersey City)

15 Question Time! Why do you think the Dutch decided to take over New Sweden? Why do you think the Dutch decided to take over New Sweden? In order to trade with the Lenape that the Swedish were trading with. In order to trade with the Lenape that the Swedish were trading with.

16 The English Like the Dutch, the English had also built colonies along the Atlantic Coast. Like the Dutch, the English had also built colonies along the Atlantic Coast. England wanted control of the entire coast- including New Netherland. England wanted control of the entire coast- including New Netherland.

17 Founding New Jersey King Charles II (England) gave his brother James, Duke of York, all of the land between Connecticut and Delaware River. King Charles II (England) gave his brother James, Duke of York, all of the land between Connecticut and Delaware River Duke of York sent warships to take over new Netherland. Dutch surrendered Duke of York sent warships to take over new Netherland. Dutch surrendered. Duke of York gave the name New Jersey to the land between the Hudson River and Delaware River. Duke of York gave the name New Jersey to the land between the Hudson River and Delaware River.

18 Settlement At first, Dutch life stayed the same under English rule. At first, Dutch life stayed the same under English rule. Over time, some Dutch began adopting English ways of life. Over time, some Dutch began adopting English ways of life. People were encouraged to move to New Jersey and a town began forming. People were encouraged to move to New Jersey and a town began forming. New settlers brought sickness and disease the Lenape were not used to. They relocated to west. (Canada, Wisconsin, and Oklahoma) New settlers brought sickness and disease the Lenape were not used to. They relocated to west. (Canada, Wisconsin, and Oklahoma) Few remained and there is a small population of Lenape still in New Jersey today. Few remained and there is a small population of Lenape still in New Jersey today.

19 Question Time! Why did the Lenape move west? Why did the Lenape move west? They moved west to protect themselves from the settlers who were taking over their land and spreading diseases. They moved west to protect themselves from the settlers who were taking over their land and spreading diseases.

20 Vocabulary Review CHECK YOUR ANSWERS! Demand- A need for a product or service by people willing to pay for it. Demand- A need for a product or service by people willing to pay for it. Colony- A settlement that is ruled by a faraway government Colony- A settlement that is ruled by a faraway government Slavery- The practice of holding people against their will and forcing them to work without pay. Slavery- The practice of holding people against their will and forcing them to work without pay. Supply- The amount of a product that is available and is offered for sale. Supply- The amount of a product that is available and is offered for sale.

21 Lesson Review 1.Why did Columbus think he could reach Asia by traveling across the Atlantic Ocean? Some Europeans thought they could reach Asia faster by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. Some Europeans thought they could reach Asia faster by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. 2. Why did Europeans comes to North America? Europeans came to North America to trade, especially fur. They also came to obtain land, and to start settlements. Europeans came to North America to trade, especially fur. They also came to obtain land, and to start settlements.

22 Lesson Review 3. Why did the Dutch and the Lenape fight? The Dutch and the Lenape fought because the Dutch wanted more fur and corn but the Lenape wouldn’t give it to them. The Dutch and the Lenape fought because the Dutch wanted more fur and corn but the Lenape wouldn’t give it to them. 4. How did the Dutch find help to work their farms? The Dutch found help to work their farms by using slavery. Slavery is holding people against their will to work for you without pay. The Dutch found help to work their farms by using slavery. Slavery is holding people against their will to work for you without pay.

23 Lesson Review 5. How did the Lenape way of life change after the arrival of the Europeans? The Lenape way of life changed after the arrival of the Europeans in many ways. Europeans brought disease, they demanded more furs, they took over their land, and the Lenape food supply was running low. The Lenape way of life changed after the arrival of the Europeans in many ways. Europeans brought disease, they demanded more furs, they took over their land, and the Lenape food supply was running low.


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