Selecting Stories You need to find the right balance between information and entertainment. You have to make it entertaining, otherwise no one will listen, however it doesn’t need to just be pointless information.
Story Selection Considerations Proximity Timeliness Impact Prominence Conflict Unusual or Human Interest stories Simplicity
Things to consider for choosing a story Proximity What happens locally is important to local people. There are times when outside stories are more important than local, but if the stories are equal then go with the local story. People like to see their friends and family on TV and want to know what’s going on in their community. Timeliness For news casts, things that happened more than a few hours before the show airs are starting to get dated. When doing a feature story, you should consider if the topic is a current issue or relevant to what is happening in the lives of your audience not if it occurred within hours of your planned broadcast. You wouldn’t want to do a story on winter shelter for cattle in the middle of July.
Things to consider for choosing a story Impact Use stories that affect the most viewers/listeners. Don’t forget about the rest of the show, because you have one big story. Emotional stories also have an impact on audience. Stories of good Samaritans or children beating a deadly form of cancer. Other stories like no more income tax affect people. Prominence People like to know what “important” people or people that are largely popular are doing. This explains why when the President gets a new dog, it makes the news. Conflict Conflict makes good stories. Make sure there is a point to the conflict though; otherwise, it would just be like the Jerry Springer show all the time. Ex. of good conflict: PETA vs. farmers over an animal rights bill that will end up costing the farmers thousands of dollars to meet new standards.
Things to consider for choosing a story Unusual or Human Interest stories An example is a tiger that becomes a mother to piglets, this story doesn’t really impact anyone, but it’s interesting and it ends your show on a happy note. Simplicity Pick stories that are simple to tell. Complex stories get confusing for audiences. Try relating difficult things to common things Bring the information to your audiences’ level. Use graphics to help you tell complex stories. Use graphs and charts Other tips It is best to have sound bites or video clips to you to help you tell a story. Consider what is important to the people in your area. If you’re doing a farm broadcast and the weather forecast is calling for a lot of rain in the middle of harvest season, the audience wants to know that so they can prepare. Remember your stations values or philosophy.
Let’s Explore Possible Stories! Get with your crew. Get a sheet of paper and fold it in half. On one side of the paper, identify the demographics of one group of people in your school or your community in which you have contact and could envision being your target audience for your feature broadcast. Identify the groups demographics on the paper. Age range Gender (if dominant) Ethnicity Interests Any other demographics that are important about this group.
Let’s Explore Possible Stories! Flip your sheet of paper over. Your group should now identify four topics that would be of interest to the group you profiled. Be sure you list any of the story selection considerations that are relevant for each of your four topics. Discuss your topics honestly and with thought.
What is a storyboard? Graphic organizers such as a series of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence.
Creating a Storyboard Step 1. Choose the topic of your video. Step 2. Choose the angle of your story. For example: If you are going to do a video on a pick-your-own peach orchard, is the story going to be about the customers? Is it going to be about the owners? Or is it going to focus on the actual fruit or the overall production process? Step 3. Think of people you can talk to. Step 4. Write down several ideas of footage you want to include in your video. Think about video and photo scenes that will help you tell your story. Include both the video and photo shots as individual scenes in the storyboard. If the footage can tell the story without words, or very few words, you are doing a good job!
Apply what you know about storyboarding! Work with your crew to complete this activity. Use the storyboard worksheets to create a storyboard for the first 1:30 minutes of the video. Stopping point identified by scene here
Shot List and Shooting Order Shot List The sequence of camera shots that tells the story. Shooting Order Allows the crew to set up at a location and capture all footage needed at one time Use the storyboard as a guide for your shot list. Tell camera operator the order and kind of shot to take. Should identify the shot angle
Shot Angle Remember that varying your camera shots can advance the storyline or impact the meaning Be sure Point-of-view (POV) Subject’s point of view Over-the-shoulder (OS) Pointed over the shoulder of one person and camera is directed at another Looking over an interviewer’s shoulder at the person being interviewed Reverse Angle (RA) Opposite of OS shot Reaction Shot (RS) Closes in on subjects reaction
Sample Footage List 1. WS of Jill in kitchen 2. MS Jill goes to cupboard and takes out peanut butter (PAN-LEFT) 3. MS Jill walks to refrigerator and gets loaf of bread (continue PAN) 4. CU Jill opens drawer, takes knife (TILT) 5. CU Jill takes banana from fruit basket (ZOOM-IN) 6. MS Jill carries things back to counter (PAN-RIGHT) 7. MS Jill sniffs bread (ZOOM-IN) 8. WS banana peel falls on floor (TILT-DOWN) 9. WS Jill slips on banana peel and falls down 10. CU Jill’s face (TILT-DOWN)
Review Proximity Timeliness Impact Prominence Conflict Unusual or Human Interest Stories Simplicity Sound Bites People What do you need to consider when choosing a story?
Review What is a storyboard? Visual Aide Organizes thoughts for your story Helps you create/organize video footage and still shots.