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Medication Adherence: The Pharmacist’s Role >. Outline Define adherence and compliance Examples of non-adherence and non-compliance Barriers to medication.

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Presentation on theme: "Medication Adherence: The Pharmacist’s Role >. Outline Define adherence and compliance Examples of non-adherence and non-compliance Barriers to medication."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medication Adherence: The Pharmacist’s Role >

2 Outline Define adherence and compliance Examples of non-adherence and non-compliance Barriers to medication adherence and compliance The impact of non-adherence and non- compliance The patient’s role The pharmacist’s role

3 What is Adherence? The act of filling a new prescription for the first time, or refilling prescriptions on-time Taking the medication correctly Starting the medication as soon as possible Taking the correct medication

4 What is Compliance? The act of taking medication as the doctor intended Correct medication Correct amount of medication Correct time of day Correct length of time

5 Adherence and Compliance is related to: Knowledge and beliefs about illness Motivation to get better Confidence in ability to help oneself get better Expectation about the outcome of treatment and results from not being adherent

6 Medication Non-Adherence Includes: Fail to fill the first prescription Fail to refill prescription, as directed Skipping doses Taking more OR less of a medication than prescribed Stopping the medication too soon Taking dose at the wrong time Taking someone else’s medication Taking medication with foods, drinks, or other medications it shouldn’t be used with Taking expired medications Storing medications in the wrong place Using devices improperly (such as inhalers)

7 Barriers to Taking Your Medications: Can’t always see or feel the benefits of your medications Side effects Unsure what your medication is being used for Busy schedule or lifestyle Multiple medications, with multiple doses per day Hard to remember Concerned about risks of your medications Don’t feel like you need the medication Cost

8 Why Is This Important? “Drugs don’t work if people don’t take them.” – C. Everett Koop “People who take their medication as prescribed may have a better chance of living healthier lives.” – MERCK “ The investment in prescriptions can have the greatest impact when medication is used correctly and correct use can be achieved through supporting better communication and coordination between individuals and their health care team.” –Randall Rutta, Easter Seals

9 Did you know….. Adherence decreases dramatically in the 1 st three months of taking a medication (MERCK) 64% of people who take medications are not adherent Adherence is needed to reach your treatment goal (WHO) 83% of patients admit they wouldn’t tell their doctor if they decided not to take their medication (Lapane)

10 Did you know (cont.)…. 9 out of 10 people who take medications as prescribed describe their health as “good” or “excellent”, while only 65% of those with poor adherence report the same Increasing your adherence to medications can have a greater impact on your health than any improvement in specific medical treatments Sometimes directions can mean different things to different people, if you don’t understand what your directions mean- be sure to ask! What does 2 times a day mean to you? What about 3 times a day?

11 What happens when you don’t take medications as prescribed? Your medications won’t work as well, you won’t feel better Your doctor may think it isn’t working and add an additional medication You may feel worse Increased healthcare spending

12 What happens when you don’t take medications as prescribed? (cont.) Potential harm- both from too much and not enough of your medication The cause of 33-69% of medication related hospital admissions Average length of stay in a hospital, due to non-adherence is 4.2 days Preventable deaths due to non-adherence are estimated to be 125,000 each year

13 Mental Health Non Adherence With mental health patients, not taking medications correctly has been shown to increase a patient’s chance of being re-admitted to the hospital It reduces your medication’s benefit It also leads to doctors adding on more medications 40% of mental health hospital visits are because of not taking medications Taking medications less than 80% of the time (missing 2 doses in a week) results in you being 2.5 times more likely to get admitted to the hospital

14 What you can do to improve your adherence: Make a schedule Put them in a place that’s easy for you to remember Include in your daily routine (meal, shower, brush teeth) Keep a current list of your medications Set alarms (there’s an app for that) Use re-fill reminders and auto-fill options at your pharmacy Choose ONE pharmacy, instead of using multiple pharmacies Learn more about your medications

15 Things you should know about your medications: Name of medication and what it’s being used for How long you will be taking the medication How you should take the medication, including how many times a day and how often Should you be avoiding any foods, medications, or activities while on this medication? Side effects to look for and what to do if they happen Where to store your medications

16 What can your pharmacist do to help? Inform you about your medications What your medication is used for What to expect from using medication When will it start to work Will you notice any changes? Side effects to watch out for Answer any of your medication questions

17 What can your pharmacist do to help? Recommend ways to help you remember to take medications Pill boxBubble packsApps

18 What can your pharmacist do to help? Fit medications into your schedule Come up with a schedule, using your daily routines Consider a medication that may work for a longer period of time Recommend storage options for medications when traveling Cost Cost savings/ discount programs Look for a similar medication that may cost less Avoid side effects Prevent diseases from getting worse

19 What can your pharmacist do to help? Medication Therapy Management (MTM) Appointment with your pharmacist Bring in all medications and over the counter products (vitamins/herbals) Pharmacist reviews all of your medications Interactions Side effects Cost savings Adherence and compliance Increase your knowledge of your medications Answer questions

20 Always remember… Non-adherence and non-compliance is common You can have an impact in your health The reasons people don’t take medications are different for each person Be honest and open with your pharmacists and doctors Pharmacists want to help you overcome barriers to adherence and compliance

21 Questions

22 Sources Prescriptions for a Healthy America. New Initiative to Improve Medication Adherence Unveiled by Health Care, Consumer, Patient, and Industry Leaders. Yahoo! Finance. adherence-unveiled-160000710.html. Published May 2, 2013. Accessed June 6, 2013. adherence-unveiled-160000710.html Overview of Medication Adherence: Where Are We Today?. Adult Meducation Website. ml. Accessed June 6, 2013. ml Weiden, P.J. (2005). Moving Beyond Symptoms: The Importance of Addressing Cognitive and Affective Symptoms in the Treatment of Schizophrenia. Medscape Psychiatry and Mental Health10(2). Valenstein, M., Copeland, L. A., Blow, F. C., et al (2002) Pharmacy data identify poorly adherent patients with schizophrenia at increased risk for admission. Medical Care, 40, 630–639.

23 Medication Adherence: The Pharmacist’s Role >

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