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The Tudor Dynasty 1485 - 1603 War of the Roses  English Civil War to determine who would take the throne  House of York  House of Lancaster  War.

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Presentation on theme: "The Tudor Dynasty 1485 - 1603 War of the Roses  English Civil War to determine who would take the throne  House of York  House of Lancaster  War."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 The Tudor Dynasty

3 War of the Roses  English Civil War to determine who would take the throne  House of York  House of Lancaster  War lasted from  Henry of Lancaster led his house to victory

4 War of the Roses  Henry Tudor became Henry VII of England  He married the daughter of the dead leader of the house of York, uniting the two houses  The TUDOR Dynasty had begun

5 TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII

6 Baby Henry Young Henry TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII

7  The Beginning:  Henry VIII was given permission from the Pope to marry his brother’s widow WIFE #1 – CATHERINE OF ARAGON

8  The Problem:  Catherine failed to produce a male heir – she only had one surviving child – Mary  Henry wanted a divorce, but Pope Clement VII wouldn’t invalidate the marriage  Henry tried to get Church to do what he wanted, and appointed Sir Thomas More as English Cardinal WIFE #1 – CATHERINE OF ARAGON

9  The Result: DIVORCE  More wouldn’t support the divorce  Henry proceeded to dissolve his ties to the Pope  ENGLISH REFORMATION – Henry VIII took control of the English clergy and had himself appointed the head of the Church of England  He divorced Catherine and married his lover Anne Boleyn

10 The Act of Annantes 1532 Stopped all payment to the Catholic Church The Act of Appeals 1533 Ended Rome’s Religious hold on England The Act of Supremacy 1534 Made Henry VIII the head of the Church of England Executions Any subject who wouldn’t denounce the Catholic Church CHURCH OF ENGLAND – ANGLICAN CHURCH

11  The Beginning: he began an affair with Anne Boleyn while still married to his first wife WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

12  The Problem: Only had 1 surviving child – a daughter, Elizabeth  Henry upset at not having a son, accused Anne of incest and adultery WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

13  The Result: BEHEADED  Anne was brought to the Tower of London and EXECUTED WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

14  Legend had it she had a sixth finger and a large mole or goiter on her neck  Anne’s sister Mary had been one of Henry’s earlier mistresses (the movie The Other Boleyn Girl)  Just prior to her execution, Anne’s marriage to Henry was dissolved and considered invalid WIFE #2 – ANNE BOLEYN

15  The Beginning:  First came to the court in the service of Queen Catherine; later she waited on Queen Anne Boleyn  Henry felt she was his first “true wife” WIFE #3 – Jane Seymour

16 TThe Problem: CComplications in childbirth

17 TThe Result: DIED SShe died 2 weeks after giving birth to Henry’s only legitimate son – Edward SShe is the only one of the 6 wives buried with him.

18 BRIEF RECAP: WHO ARE THE 3 LEGITIMATE CHILDREN OF HENRY VIII?  MARY (mom divorced)  ELIZABETH (mom beheaded)  EDWARD (mom died)

19  The Beginning:  Henry was single for 2 years after Jane died  Henry wanted a marriage for political reasons, to form an Alliance between the new English Protestants and German Protestants  He hired a painter to find him a potential ally and paint the women who could make it possible – the painter chose Anne of Cleves, from Germany WIFE #4 – ANNE OF CLEVES

20  The Problem:  Once Henry VIII saw her in person, he found her extremely unattractive  He went through with the marriage because of political reasons, but he never was attracted to her or loved her WIFE #4 – ANNE OF CLEVES

21  The painting by Hans Holbein the Younger. It was on the basis of this portrait that Henry VIII chose her to be his fourth queen.  Recent x-rays of this painting of Anne of Cleves have revealed a longer nose under the top layer of paint. It was painted by Barthel Bruyn the Elder of Germany.

22  The Result: DIVORCED  He could not stand being married to her, and though it cost him politically, he soon divorced her WIFE #4 – ANNE OF CLEVES

23  The Beginning:  She was a cousin of Anne Boleyn (wife #2)  Married her only 16 days after his divorce to Anne – he was 49, she was 19 WIFE #5 – CATHRYN HOWARD

24  The Problem:  He was gaining a lot of weight and had an ulcerated leg – it was hard for him to walk and he was becoming morbidly obese  He called her his “rose without a thorn”  She began having multiple affairs within the castle  He accused her of lying about being a virgin when they got married WIFE #5 – CATHRYN HOWARD

25  The Result: BEHEADED  She was executed on charges of adultery There has never been a confirmed portrait of Cathryn Howard. However, experts believe this may be her due to the necklace she is wearing. The necklace is positively identified as a Crown Jewel of the Queen, and the portrait was done after Anne of Cleves but before Kathryn Parr. WIFE #5 – CATHRYN HOWARD

26  Widowed twice before marrying Henry  Became a stabilizing mother figure in home – to Mary, Elizabeth, and Edward  Persuaded Henry to bring the daughters back to the castle and reinstate them as his legitimate children  She outlived Henry, who died January 28, 1547  It is said by many that this was the only wife he truly loved WIFE #6 – Katherine Parr

27 1.CATHERINE OF ARAGON 2.ANNE BOLEYN 3.JANE SEYMOUR 4.ANNE OF CLEVES 5.CATHRYN HOWARD 6.KATHERINE PARR To recap… the wives of Henry VIII

28 TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI King Edward VI  Crowned at the age of nine  Regents ruled during his reign  Had a good relationship with his sisters  He died at the age of 15 from fever & cough

29 TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Mary I Queen Mary I  “Bloody Mary” – when she took the throne, she returned Catholicism to England, executing anyone involved in the Protestant Reformation  She imprisoned Elizabeth, her sister, in the Tower of London when Elizabeth was 21  However, Mary wed Phillip of Spain, and shortly afterwards became pregnant

30 TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Mary I Queen Mary I  Since she was pregnant with an heir to the throne, she no longer saw Elizabeth as a threat, and released her  Her belly continued to swell, but there was no baby  Mary died from what is now believed to be a large tumor in her stomach

31 TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Mary I Elizabeth I  Queen Elizabeth I took the throne  Considered the best ruler in the history of all of England  Nicknamed the “Virgin Queen”  Restored Protestantism, but ruled with tolerance  Defeat of the Spanish Armada  Huge patron of the arts

32 TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Mary I Elizabeth I ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ James I not Tudor – King of Scotland  Elizabeth died in 1603 at the age of seventy  She had ruled England for 45 years  She had no heir to the throne, so the crown passed to King James of Scotland  He ruled well, continuing her love and patronage of the arts  He also supported religious freedom for the common man  King James Bible

33 TUDOR RULERS Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Mary I Elizabeth I ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ James I not Tudor – King of Scotland King James


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