Student Multimedia Mini-Research Report Student Multimedia Mini-Research Report High School Model—Truman and the Bomb 1
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President Truman – Dropping the A-Bomb on Japan Was His Decision the Right One? Copyright 1995 Reuters Ltd
Reasons for the Manhattan Project – The Atomic Bomb Nazis were also working on building the bomb “Super Weapon” would win the war Ending war quickly would save American lives Little Boy Click to see the dropping of Little BoyLittle BoyLittle Boy Copyright 1995 Reuters Ltd
Arguments FOR the Truman Decision Needed to demonstrate U. S. power and control to Russians Needed to show results of a $20B investment (today’s $) Prisoners of war in Japan would be killed if we invaded Okinawa and kamikaze attacks showed surrender unlikely Japan refused to surrender unconditionally upon request Soldiers transferred from Europe didn’t want more fighting Estimated Almost 1 million American lives would be saved
Click for Truman AnnouncementDestruction Copyright 1995 Reuters Ltd. of Hiroshima
Click to see ring of destruction Click to see ring of destruction
Arguments AGAINST Dropping the A-Bomb Russians were coming—Japan would surrender soon anyway Russians were coming—Japan would surrender soon anyway Didn’t consider the impact of radiation damage to humans Didn’t consider the impact of radiation damage to humans Number of American lives to be saved was vastly overstated Number of American lives to be saved was vastly overstated Decision really made to impress & repress Russian ambitions Decision really made to impress & repress Russian ambitions Needed to justify large expenditure of money on atomic research Needed to justify large expenditure of money on atomic research Example of racism—wouldn’t drop bomb on Germans Example of racism—wouldn’t drop bomb on Germans Why didn’t we tell Japanese that we would drop A-bomb? Why didn’t we tell Japanese that we would drop A-bomb?
No Bomb Ever Dropped Again in War in 57 Years Japanese Memorial to Ground Zero in Hiroshima Was Truman Right or Wrong? Copyright 1995 Reuters Ltd
Truman Made the Best Decision Possible 49,000 Americans killed – Battle of Okinawa 49,000 Americans killed – Battle of Okinawa Truman feared 100 more Okinawas until victory Truman feared 100 more Okinawas until victory Japanese refused unconditional surrender Japanese refused unconditional surrender Judging decisions must be made in context of times Judging decisions must be made in context of times Hindsight is always 20-20 when more facts available Hindsight is always 20-20 when more facts available Copyright 1995 Reuters Ltd
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