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IF CLAUSE 2 Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past.

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Presentation on theme: "IF CLAUSE 2 Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past."— Presentation transcript:

1 IF CLAUSE 2 Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past

2 Forming Present and Future Unreal Conditionals(Type 2) Simple Past/Past Progressive, could/might/would (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) If I studied every day, I could pass all my tests. (But I don’t study every day, so I can’t pass all my tests.)

3 Formal language = I/ You/ We/ They/ He/ She were Informal language = I/ He/ She/ It was Informal language = I/ He/ She/ It was If I were better at math, I would become an engineer.(FORMAL) If I was better at math, I would become an engineer.(INFORMAL)

4 Using Present and Future Unreal Conditionals(Type 2) If clause = An imagined situation The main clause = possible result. If all public schools worked well, parents wouldn’t choose private schools. (But some public schools don’t work well, so parents choose private schools)

5 if clause + could/the past progressive  an imagined possible situation. If the school could hire more teachers, we would have smaller classes. (But they can’t hire more teachers, so we have large classes.

6 Time words to show present or future time. We wouldn’t have a place to learn if our school closed next year. If classes were smaller today, students might be more motivated.

7 If I were you, I would ……. = ADVICE If I were you, I’d study harder. (My advice is to study harder) I wouldn’t drop out of school if I were you. (You should stay in school)

8 Forming Past Unreal Conditionals (Type 3) Past Perfect, may/might/could/would have + V3 (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) If the city had hired more teachers, the schools might have improved.

9 Using Past Unreal Conditionals(Type 3) Not true in the past If the hurricane had missed our city, the schools wouldn’t have received money from the government.   (But the hurricane didn’t miss our city) (But the hurricane didn’t miss our city)

10 We can use past unreal conditional to express regrets or sadness. If I hadn’t quit school, I would have become an engineer.

11 If I had been, I would have… =INDIRECT ADVICE If I had been you, I wouldn’t have quit school. If I had been you, I wouldn’t have quit school. (ADVICE FOR PAST SITUATION)

12 WISH CLAUSE Wishes About Present, Future, and Past

13 Wishes About Present Wish + Past Simple/Past Progressive/Could I wish we had more classrooms. I wish we had more classrooms.  (NOW We don’t have). (NOW We don’t have).

14 Wishes About Future Wish + Was/Were going to/could/would I wish I were going to have time to meet you tonight  (But I am not going to) (But I am not going to)

15 Wishes About Past Wish + Past Perfect We wish we had had more time to study for the test.  (We didn’t have more time) (We didn’t have more time)


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