Presentation on theme: "IF CLAUSE 2 Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past."— Presentation transcript:
IF CLAUSE 2 Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past
Forming Present and Future Unreal Conditionals(Type 2) Simple Past/Past Progressive, could/might/would (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) If I studied every day, I could pass all my tests. (But I don’t study every day, so I can’t pass all my tests.)
Formal language = I/ You/ We/ They/ He/ She were Informal language = I/ He/ She/ It was Informal language = I/ He/ She/ It was If I were better at math, I would become an engineer.(FORMAL) If I was better at math, I would become an engineer.(INFORMAL)
Using Present and Future Unreal Conditionals(Type 2) If clause = An imagined situation The main clause = possible result. If all public schools worked well, parents wouldn’t choose private schools. (But some public schools don’t work well, so parents choose private schools)
if clause + could/the past progressive an imagined possible situation. If the school could hire more teachers, we would have smaller classes. (But they can’t hire more teachers, so we have large classes.
Time words to show present or future time. We wouldn’t have a place to learn if our school closed next year. If classes were smaller today, students might be more motivated.
If I were you, I would ……. = ADVICE If I were you, I’d study harder. (My advice is to study harder) I wouldn’t drop out of school if I were you. (You should stay in school)
Forming Past Unreal Conditionals (Type 3) Past Perfect, may/might/could/would have + V3 (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) (IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE) If the city had hired more teachers, the schools might have improved.
Using Past Unreal Conditionals(Type 3) Not true in the past If the hurricane had missed our city, the schools wouldn’t have received money from the government. (But the hurricane didn’t miss our city) (But the hurricane didn’t miss our city)
We can use past unreal conditional to express regrets or sadness. If I hadn’t quit school, I would have become an engineer.
If I had been, I would have… =INDIRECT ADVICE If I had been you, I wouldn’t have quit school. If I had been you, I wouldn’t have quit school. (ADVICE FOR PAST SITUATION)
WISH CLAUSE Wishes About Present, Future, and Past
Wishes About Present Wish + Past Simple/Past Progressive/Could I wish we had more classrooms. I wish we had more classrooms. (NOW We don’t have). (NOW We don’t have).
Wishes About Future Wish + Was/Were going to/could/would I wish I were going to have time to meet you tonight (But I am not going to) (But I am not going to)
Wishes About Past Wish + Past Perfect We wish we had had more time to study for the test. (We didn’t have more time) (We didn’t have more time)