Presentation on theme: "Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past"— Presentation transcript:
1Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past IF CLAUSE 2Unreal Conditionals: Present, Future, and Past
2Forming Present and Future Unreal Conditionals(Type 2) Simple Past/Past Progressive, could/might/would(IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE)If I studied every day, I could pass all my tests.(But I don’t study every day, so I can’t pass all my tests.)
3Formal language = I/ You/ We/ They/ He/ She were Informal language = I/ He/ She/ It wasIf I were better at math, I would become an engineer.(FORMAL)If I was better at math, I would become an engineer.(INFORMAL)
4Using Present and Future Unreal Conditionals(Type 2) If clause = An imagined situationThe main clause = possible result.If all public schools worked well, parents wouldn’t choose private schools.(But some public schools don’t work well, so parents choose private schools)
5an imagined possible situation. if clause + could/the past progressivean imagined possible situation.If the school could hire more teachers, we would have smaller classes.(But they can’t hire more teachers, so we have large classes.
6Time words to show present or future time. We wouldn’t have a place to learn if our school closed next year.If classes were smaller today, students might be more motivated.
7If I were you , I would ……. = ADVICE If I were you, I’d study harder.(My advice is to study harder)I wouldn’t drop out of school if I were you.(You should stay in school)
8Forming Past Unreal Conditionals (Type 3) Past Perfect, may/might/could/would have + V3(IF CLAUSE) (MAIN CLAUSE)If the city had hired more teachers, the schools might have improved.
9Using Past Unreal Conditionals(Type 3) Not true in the pastIf the hurricane had missed our city, the schools wouldn’t have received money from the government.(But the hurricane didn’t miss our city)
10We can use past unreal conditional to express regrets or sadness. If I hadn’t quit school, I would have become an engineer.
11If I had been, I would have… =INDIRECT ADVICE If I had been you, I wouldn’t have quit school.(ADVICE FOR PAST SITUATION)
12Wishes About Present, Future, and Past WISH CLAUSEWishes About Present, Future, and Past
13Wishes About Present Wish + Past Simple/Past Progressive/Could I wish we had more classrooms.(NOW We don’t have).
14Wishes About Future Wish + Was/Were going to/could/would I wish I were going to have time to meet you tonight(But I am not going to)
15Wishes About Past Wish + Past Perfect We wish we had had more time to study for the test.(We didn’t have more time)