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Faith Schools and Students’ Tolerance of Religious Groups Helen Everett

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1 Faith Schools and Students’ Tolerance of Religious Groups Helen Everett

2 Walzer’s Tolerance Continuum 1.Resigned acceptance for the sake of peace 2.Benign indifference to difference 3.Moral stoicism – others have rights even if they express them in unattractive ways 4.Curiosity; perhaps even respect, a willingness to listen and learn 5.Enthusiastic endorsement – diversity of God’s creation or necessary condition of human flourishing

3 The Six Research Schools Roman Catholic Independent RCI Roman Catholic State RCS Evangelical Christian Independent ECI Muslim Independent MI Non-Faith State NFS Non-Faith Independent NFI

4 VARIABLE Religious Tolerance (Standardized β Coefficients) Roman Catholic independent Roman Catholic state Evangelical Christian independent0.011 Muslim independent Non-faith independent0.110 Non-faith stateREFERENCE Rokeach GENDER (Boy=1) ** BOOKS STUETH (White=1) ** STUBIRTH (UK born=1) PARBIRTH (Both UK=1) Attend major festivals only Attend place of worship regularly (at least once a month) 0.215* Roman Catholic0.072 Other Christian (including Evangelical) Church of England Muslim0.192 Other non-Christian Adjusted R²20.6%

5 School % Active tolerance responses Roman Catholic Independent 50 Roman Catholic State 38 Evangelical Christian Independent 18 Muslim Independent 18 Non Faith Independent40 Percentage of active tolerance interview responses towards those of another faith.

6 ‘I found it really interesting to see like stuff differently. [.....] so I just found it really interesting. Because actually the way..... the way the service like went not similar, but it was like they did their equivalent of the Bible, the Torah, like they hold it up and walk around with it like we do and I just found it really interesting to see the difference.’ [Harriet RCI]

7 ‘I think everyone has their right to show their religion. Go to somewhere where they can worship... I probably wouldn’t do anything about it’ [Esther ECI]

8 ‘It doesn’t really bother me because it’s their religion, their faith they get to do what they want and they have to do it’ [Saira MI]

9 ‘Well I don’t think I’d sign it because I think if that’s their business you shouldn’t.... I’m sure if a Christian …they probably wouldn’t support a Christian church because they’re not Christian, it’s not really their place, I’m not a Hindu it’s not my place to be.. I’m not any part of their community. I shouldn’t be supporting something I’m not part of.’ [Hugh NFI]

10 School% Active Tolerance Responses Roman Catholic State 86 Evangelical Christian Independent 29 Muslim Independent 29 Non Faith Independent 60 Non Faith State60 Percentage of active tolerance interview responses towards immigrants and those on the margins of society.

11 Because there are lots of immigrants who come to this country who need to find people who like want to be in a community and find people like them maybe. And I think it would be just a good thing.’[Pippa NFI (immigrants)]

12 ‘Because I don’t think that’s my place really. I’m not an immigrant. I’ve never had any experience of immigration. ‘ [Hugh NFI (immigrant)] ‘It wouldn’t really have anything to do with me so I wouldn’t really care’ [Ben ECI (immigrants)]

13 Overall % of Active Tolerance Responses Faith Group28% Immigrants/Margins52% Overall percentage of active tolerance interview responses towards faith groups compared with responses towards immigrants and those on the margins of society.

14 Error bar graph of Average General Tolerance showing each research school.

15 Standardised β Coefficients VARIABLEGeneral ToleranceHomosexual Tolerance Roman Catholic independent Roman Catholic state Evangelical Christian independent Muslim independent Non-faith independent * Non-faith stateREFERENCE Rokeach-0.211**-0.173** GENDER (Boy=1) ** BOOKS0.162**0.047 STUETH (White=1) **0.026 STUBIRTH (UK born=1) PARBIRTH (Both UK=1) Attend Major Festivals Attend Regularly (at least once a month) Roman Catholic Other Christian (including Evangelical) Church of England Muslim Other non-Christian Adjusted R²24.7%20.9%


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