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A waste of time for now MC Continuity RLS - 2006.

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2 A waste of time for now MC Continuity RLS - 2006

3 At this rate, our three landfills will be full in six to ten years. To meet our needs until 2050, (70%) 35. A.we shall have to develop extra landfill sites B.the government needs to re- think its strategy more landfills should be used D.we should reduce spending on waste … at a cost of $63 billion to the taxpayer. Money aside, there is also the issue of where to find land to bury Hong Kong's ever growing mountain of rubbish. What would cost $63 million? What land do they need to find? A=Correct

4 The government has not been idle. Since recognising the problem in 1998, it has expanded our existing landfills and (39%) 36. A. has created additional problems. B. is reducing government spending on waste. C.has done little to improve the situation. searching for new sites. They know there is a problem. They have found one solution and... They are looking for another solutions. New sites are another solution. D = Correct

5 It has put more than $20 million into setting up about 27,000 sets of recycling bins in housing estates, transport stations and public areas. In conjunction with Wellcome supermarkets, it has set up collection points for recycling plastic bags (88%) 37. A.24 hours a day B.24 times 24 Wellcome stores 24 landfill sites …and 90 7-Eleven outlets. The word “and” lets us know that the answer is an example of a collection point. XA,B Collecting plastic bags from landfill sites doesn’t make sense. C=Correct

6 At this rate, it seems inevitable that Hong Kong will eventually have to resort to incineration, the burning of waste, (48%) 38. order to deal with new types of waste B.which produces smoke particles C.which has environmental consequences D.which has obvious advantages …that are yet to be made clear. “B” and “C” seem to be the most likely answers. Saying that particles are unclear doesn’t make sense. Consequences can be unclear. C=Correct

7 39. A.we take our environmental responsibilities seriously. B.we cannot even be bothered to take a lift. C.nobody in Hong Kong cares about recycling. D.people generally use recycling bins. “Promising results” = positive “However” = need a negative idea (XA, D) It’s impossible that nobody cares since we have seen promising results. People recycle much more when they don’t have to take a lift. B=Correct Recycling bins were installed on all floors, rather than just the ground floor, …. …, the government was able to recover 40% more paper … than in those estates where bins were available only on the ground floor. Such promising results indicate a potentially viable solution to our waste problem. However, the study also screams out an undeniable truth: when it comes to recycling, (38%)

8 …The customers get the deposit back when they return the empty bottles. Surprisingly, our government has no plans to make use of the money generated to further expand the reusable bottle scheme. (64%) 40. A.Obviously, B.Yet, C.Moreover, D.Unfortunately, …similar schemes are already in place on the mainland and in Europe. These schemes being in place is not obvious and certainly not unfortunate. “no plans” = negative “already in place” = positive “Yet” introduces a contrasting idea. B=Correct

9 The current debate on environmental protection and waste disposal has focused much of its attention on introducing a tax on plastic bags. However, to tax plastic bags without considering what to do about (68%) 41. A.paper bags bags C.other types of waste D.other taxes …is basically a piecemeal plan and will not solve all our waste problems. We are currently focused on taxing plastic bags. However, we must not only consider plastic bags because this is only part of the waste problem. The passage is talking about all kinds of waste. C = Correct

10 The public is also likely to start a debate on what kind of plastic bags should be taxed. … For example, if you get a plastic bag when you buy fish at a wet market, should you have to (76%) 42. for it? it? C.return it to the market? D.implement it? The writer thinks that people will not agree to tax all bags. Not many people would want to re-use a bag that has been used to pack fish. The market won’t want it back either. You implement a plan, not a bag. A=Correct

11 Personally, I do not oppose such a tax for the sake of argument. Indeed, I agree that (62%) 43. A.this tax will answer all our waste problems. B.this tax is urgently needed. C.this tax will be unpopular with most people. D.this tax should be implemented eventually. … However, I do not think that it should be an immediate priority for the government to introduce it straight away. “do not think that it should be an immediate priority” = negative “However” introduces a contrasting idea (XC) If it’s urgently needed, it IS an immediate priority. It’s a complex problem, so one tax cannot solve all our problems. D= Correct

12 Some people have in fact proposed a tax on car tyres, which seems to make a lot of sense because it involves fewer people and is therefore much simpler to implement. (66%) 44. A.If the proposed tax on tyres fails, B.Following on from the tyre tax, C.To solve the waste problem once and for all, D.Since computers do not cause so much pollution, … the government might want to consider a similar levy on computers and electronic goods. If a tyre tax failed, the government surely wouldn’t be eager to impose a similar tax (levy) on any other types goods. No single tax can solve the waste problem permanently. The government wouldn’t impose a waste tax on something that didn’t cause a lot of pollution. If the tyre tax is successful, it would be logical for the government to consider a similar tax on other goods. B = Correct

13 …, different parties will have to work together to minimise waste. Citizens need to realise that the environment will continue to degrade unless we commit ourselves to action. Companies should be required to contribute to reducing waste. Businesses should learn (85%) 45. responsibility; be more profitable; respect the law; listen to the public; …they must not wait for non- government organisations or the public to speak up before they do something. The passage is about the environment, not profits. The writer believe that businesses should take the initiative rather than wait for the government or public to pressure them. A=Correct

14 Citizens need to realise … Businesses should learn … The government should take responsibility for … More importantly, we need the co-operation of three parties: (80%) 46. A.the schools, the public and the government. B.supermarkets, car owners and the public. C.wholesalers, companies and the government. D.businesses, the public and the government. Easy D=Correct

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