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Presentation on theme: "Pyramids."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pyramids

2 What are Pyramids? Pyramids are the towering building towers which contain the burial tombs of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. The first “modern” pyramid was built around 2630 B.C. There were earlier pyramids called “mastabas,” but they were flat at the top . Some of the most famous pyramids are the Pyramids of Giza, belonging to the pharaoh Kufu (or Cheops).

3 What were the Pyramids made of?
Pyramids were made of layers of heavy stones, for example limestone. Workers would mine blocks of limestone. Then, slaves would pull it to the building site on a trolley. Then, they would be pulled up to the layer they were working on, and set in place.

4 How were they Built? Since pyramid-building was such hard and strenuous work, the general population didn’t build them. Although masons and mathematicians all contributed to the pyramid’s layout, slaves were the ones who did the hard work: carrying the stones to the top. Many slaves died completing their duty.

5 How Have Pyramids Affected Us?
The pyramids have given us a great deal today. They were the first forms of a new level of ancestral worship, where the person was remembered and not just thrown into a mass grave. If not for them, we probably wouldn’t take time once in a while to pray for the departed, and we wouldn’t have gatherings or story-tellings about when the person was alive. They were the first to remember their dead.

6 How Have Pyramids Affected Us? [continued]
Secondly, the pyramids were the first skyscrapers in history. They paved a road of building these skyscrapers and generally all buildings, which have given us a place to work, sleep, and live our lives in peace. The pyramids were basically the base of all buildings in modern civilization.

7 How Have Pyramids Affected Us? [continued]
Lastly, the pyramids were great keys to unlocking the mystery of Ancient Egypt. After hieroglyphics were decoded in 1822 by Champollin, the endless words surrounding the tombs of the great pharaohs were finally read. These writings gave us an idea of daily life, religious ceremonies, government, and mostly, about the afterlife. We have the pyramids to thank for all of this, and as time passes, I’m sure much more.

8 Bibliography Page 1- Peterson, Chris L. “Archaeoastronomy-Egypt.” Cloudbait Observatory Archaeoastronomy-Egypt < Page 2- Kochanov, William. “Limestone quarry in Chester Country.” Pa. Dept. of Conservation and Natural Resources. < Page 3- Shammas, Victor. “The Pyramids.” victor’s egyptology-the pyramids. < Page 4- Fresh. GameOver-Pharaoh © Sierra/Impressions. December 3, < Page 5- Parsons, Marie. “The Opening of the Mouth Ritual.” Egypt:Opening of the Mouth Ritual, A Feature Tour Egypt Story < Page6- “Potland City Photos.” CITY. < “Independent Exchange Services, Inc.” Independent Exchange Services, Inc < Page 7-” ALL CLIPART> ART & ENTERTAINMENT> FINE ART. < Larson, Glen A. and Bellisario, Donald P. “Lost Planet of the Gods.” Lost Planet of the Gods. < Page8 - “Irish in America.” PBS-Irish in America. < Page 9 - Warrick, Alyssa D. Smileys: Neverending Circles <

9 Thank You!

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