Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

CONDITIONALS. WHAT ARE CONDITONALS? A way of expressing possible or hypothetical situations WHEN? If or Unless WHAT DO ALL CONDITIONAL CLAUSES INCLUDE?

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "CONDITIONALS. WHAT ARE CONDITONALS? A way of expressing possible or hypothetical situations WHEN? If or Unless WHAT DO ALL CONDITIONAL CLAUSES INCLUDE?"— Presentation transcript:

1 CONDITIONALS

2 WHAT ARE CONDITONALS? A way of expressing possible or hypothetical situations WHEN? If or Unless WHAT DO ALL CONDITIONAL CLAUSES INCLUDE? The First, Second and Third Conditional WHAT ARE THE MAIN CONDITIONALS? In the past, present and future.

3 Which is a 1st Conditional sentence? a)If we travelled to new galaxies, we could discover new planets. b)If governments had invested more money in the space programme, we might have colonized Mars by now. c)If the government spends more money on research, we will see more advances in space exploration.

4 Answer: c) If the government spends more money on research, we will see more advances in space exploration. FIRST CONDITIONAL

5 Read these 1st conditional sentences: -If the government spends more money on research, we will see more advances in space exploration. -If astronauts don’t have special spacesuits, they can’t survive in space. We use the 1st Conditional to talk about…

6 …real, possible and likely present or future situations.

7 Read them again: -If the government spends more money on research, we will see more advances in space exploration. -If astronauts don’t have special spacesuits, they can’t survive in space. What is the structure of 1st Conditional sentences?

8 IF/UNLESS + PRES. S. // FUT. S. or Modal + INF (conditional clause) (main clause) Examples: -If we don’t hurry up we will miss the bus! -I will make you stay at home unless you tidy your room. -Unless Jane studies harder, she’ll fail the exam. (if Jane does not study harder, she'll fail the exam) -If you study, you may pass the exam.

9 Which is a 2nd Conditional sentence? a)If we travelled to new galaxies, we could discover new planets. b)If governments had invested more money in the space programme, we might have colonized Mars by now. c)If the government spends more money on research, we will see more advances in space exploration.

10 Answer: a) If we travelled to new galaxies, we could discover new planets.

11 Read these 2nd conditional sentences: -If we travelled to new galaxies, we could discover new planets. -What would you do if you had an invisibility cloak? We use the 2nd Conditional to talk about…

12 … a hypothetical situation in the present or future.

13 Read them again: -If we travelled to new galaxies, we could discover new planets. -What would you do if you had an invisibility cloak? What is the structure of 2nd Conditional sentences?

14 IF + PAST. S. // WOULD or COULD + INF (conditional clause) (main clause) Examples: -If I were 18 again, I would go on a round-the-world-tour. -If he wasn’t so bad-tempered, these things wouldn’t happen. -If scientists didn’t spend so much money on space exploration, we would solve more important global issues.

15 Which is a 3rd Conditional sentence? a)If we travelled to new galaxies, we could discover new planets. b)If governments had invested more money in the space programme, we might have colonized Mars by now. c)If the government spends more money on research, we will see more advances in space exploration.

16 Answer: b) If governments had invested more money in the space programme, we might have colonized Mars by now.

17 Read these 3rd conditional sentences: -If governments had invested more money in the space programme, we might have colonized Mars by now. -What would have happened if people in Leonardo da Vinci’s time had had the technology that we have now? We use the 3rd Conditional to talk about…

18 … a hypothetical situation in the past.

19 Read them again: -If governments had invested more money in the space programme, we might have colonized Mars by now. -What would have happened if people in Leonardo da Vinci’s time had had the technology that we have now? What is the structure of 3rd Conditional sentences?

20 IF + PAST. PERFECT// WOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE COULD HAVE MAY HAVE MIGHT HAVE (conditional clause) (main clause) Examples: -If astronauts hadn’t dared to travel to space, we wouldn’t have discovered so much about the universe. -If Einstein hadn’t been a dreamer, we would never have heard of relativity. -If I hadn’t been so nervous at the interview, I would have got the job.

21 LET’S PRACTICE!

22 Complete the sentences with the correct words. 1.If I phone John later, I _________ ask him about the trip. 2.What ______ you do if I gave you a free ticket for the match? 3.John would _____ won the match if he hadn’t made so many mistakes. 4.Hurry up! We’ll miss the train _____ we run as fast as we can. 5.If Sarah _______seen the accident, she would have called the police.

23 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets. 1.Tom is very short but he loves basketball. If he ____ (be) taller he ____ (be) a great player. 2.You’ve got to send all these letters today! Wow! If you ____ (give) me a few, I ___ (put) them in envelopes for you. 3.I’m tired and hungry. If you ___ (see) a good place to stop, we ____ (take) a break. 4.If I ____ (have) a million dollars, I ___ (not do) I _____ (not do) a day’s work again!

24 Read the answers and write questions using the prompts 1.you / go shopping / I / write a list for you? _____________________________________ Of course I will. What do you need? 2. Patrick / help me / I / have any problems? _____________________________________ I’m sure he would. He’s very helpful. 1.Sarah / lose / your watch / you / be upset? _____________________________________ Of course I would. It’s an expensive watch. 4. they / come to the concert / I / buy the tickets? _____________________________________ I think they probably will. They like jazz. 5. You / give me some money / I / tidy my room? _____________________________________ No, I won’t. It’s your room!

25 Read the situations and complete the sentences 1.They missed the start of the film! If Jim had arrived earlier,… 2. Sue went out. Sue would probably have watched TV… 3. Scientists haven’t invented humanoid robots yet. If scientists had tried harder,… 1.Colin didn’t come with us. Colin would have enjoyed the play…

26 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb given. 1.Emma is so rude! People _____ (like) her a bit more if she ____ (say) such horrible things. 2.If I ______ (can / run) the race again, I ____ (use) different tactics. But it’s too late now. 3.Silvia was nervous at the job interview. If she ____ (not be) so nervous, she ____ (get) it. 4.Nicola was working when the accident happened. If she ____ (stay) at home that day, she _____ (not be) injured. 5.Unless you ____ (have) a credit card, you ____ (not be able to) buy a ticket online.


Download ppt "CONDITIONALS. WHAT ARE CONDITONALS? A way of expressing possible or hypothetical situations WHEN? If or Unless WHAT DO ALL CONDITIONAL CLAUSES INCLUDE?"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google