7Research Fieldwork in suburbs of major east coast U.S. city Two groups of girls:African-AmericanCaucasianGirls ages 8-11Individual interviewsRegular group interviews in after-care programsTalked with girls’ family members, educatorsUsed feminist cultural studies perspective
8Physical Appearance On Screen Kylie:“She looked ugly. Her muscles made her ugly and her voice made her sound ugly.”A girl named Alex (Totally Spies) becomes muscular in the episode “The Incredible Bulk”
9Physical Appearance On Screen Zoe:“I think they looked weird because how small the wings were, and how high their socks were…”One of the characters on Disney’s W.I.T.C.H.
10Physical Appearance On Screen Blossom (Powerpuff Girls) gets a REALLY bad haircut in “The Mane Event”
11Physical Appearance On Screen Angela:“They shouldn’t have opened their mouth so they wouldn’t eat any cookies and they wouldn’t get fat.”Clover (left, Totally Spies) gets REALLY fat in “Passion Patties”
12Are lessons just for little kids? Angela:“The cartoons I watch don’t have a point to the show. [They’re not like] The Wiggles.”
13Are lessons just for little kids? KYLIE:“The lesson is never to go into somebody else’s lab, and don’t create something that’s dumb.”The story of Bunny, the fourth Powerpuff Girl, is supposed to teach a lesson: don’t judge people too quickly.
16Physical Appearance in Everyday Life ANGELA:“I want to be like my dad, because he’s skinny, but he eats so much—I don’t ever see him eat any fruit—or vegetables. But he’s so skinny.”LEFT: What Angela wishes she looked like.RIGHT: What Angela thinks she looks like.
17Physical Appearance in Everyday Life Kylie’s drawing