2 Review of SENTENCES What is a sentence? A complete sentence expresses a complete thought; it contains a subject and verb.The class received an assignment.What are some of the types of sentences?There are simple, compound, complex.Let’s generate an example for each fore mentioned type of sentences.
3 Review of NOUNS What is a noun? A noun names a person, place, thing, or an idea.What are some of the types of nouns?There are common, proper, abstract, concrete, compound, and collective nouns.Let’s generate an example for each fore mentioned noun, type of noun.
4 Review of PRONOUNS What is a pronoun? A pronoun replaces a noun. What are some of the types of pronouns?There are personal, demonstrative, interrogative, relative, possessive, infinitive, etc.Let’s generate an example for the fore mentioned pronouns.
5 What’s this got to do with anything? Weeeeell… an APPOSITIVE is a noun that identifies, describes, or renames another noun or pronoun that it follows.Therefore, you must be able to identify a noun in a sentence to understand or create appositives.
6 An appositive is a word placed after another word to explain or identify it. The appositive almost always appears after the word it explains or identifies. It is always a noun or a pronoun, and the word it explains is also a noun or pronoun.ExamplesMy uncle, a lawyer, is visiting us.My teacher, Miss Marshall, is very strict.
7 Appositive PhrasesAn appositive phrase consists of the appositive and its modifiers, which may themselves be phrases.examplesMy radio, an old portable, is in the repair shop.The boys climbed the mountain, one of the highest in the West.
8 Appositives aren’t always set off by commas Appositives aren’t always set off by commas. Appositives NOT needed in the sentence use commas:Beginning: The largest city in Texas, Houston is home to the Astros.Middle: Chemistry, Sue's favorite subject, is easy for her.End: Have you ever read The Red Pony, a novel by John Steinbeck?
9 Your Turn! Slushies, only $1.49, satisfy my sugar craving. Generate TWO sentences of your own.Once you’ve done that, turn the 2nd sentence into an appositive that fits correctly into the 1st sentence.Slushies satisfy my sugar craving. They’re only $1.49!Slushies, only $1.49, satisfy my sugar craving.What’s the subject?What’s the verb?Which is the appositive?
10 Appositives aren’t always set off by commas Appositives aren’t always set off by commas. Appositives needed in the sentence do not use commas:Sylvia’s daughter Relane teaches English.Sylvia may have more than one daughter so a specific name needs to be mentioned and NO commas are needed.
11 Combining SentencesTwo sentences can be combined by turning 1 of the 2 into an appositive:Relane began correcting She’s a nerdy papers during her youth. child.Relane, a nerdy child, began correcting papers during her youth.
12 Now, let’s apply what we’ve learned about appositives. First, let’s apply our understanding to this online “QUIZ.” (http://www.quia.com/pop/8755.html?AP_rand= )
13 Now, let’s apply what we’ve learned about appositives. Second, please open your maroon grammar book to pages Make certain to have a pencil AND paper for this is your assignment: pg 99’s #23-38 – FOLLOW directions!