Presentation on theme: "James “JJ” Jones Area Ag Economist Southeast District OSU Extension"— Presentation transcript:
1James “JJ” Jones Area Ag Economist Southeast District OSU Extension These Aren’t Your Fathers Goats, A Look at the Past, Present and Future of the U.S. Meat Goat IndustryJames “JJ” JonesArea Ag EconomistSoutheast District OSU Extension
2Goat Industry before 1990 Dairy Mohair Brush Cheese Government program cut from farm billBrush
3Goat Industry after 1990’sStarted importing African meat goats in mid 90’sStarted with Boer goatsNow are there are 3-5 distinct meat goat breeds in the U.S.USDA started counting meat goats in 2004
4Why the increase? Goat meat is consumed by: MuslimsHispanicEuropeansAsiansAfricansSeems to be limited by supplyFuture demand?
62007 U.S. Meat Goat Numbers U.S. Total: 2,400,000 > 1,000,000 100, ,000,00075, ,00050, ,00037630, ,000825410, ,00019< 10,000U.S. Total: 2,400,000Source: NASS
7Southern Region Goat Numbers Texas (1) 1,080,000Tennessee (2) 103,000Georgia (3) 95,000Oklahoma (5) 74,000Kentucky (7) 68,000North Carolina (8) 60,000Florida (9) 55,000South Carolina (10) 44,000Alabama (11) 43,000Virginia (12) 41,000Arkansas (14) 29,000Mississippi (18) 24,000Louisiana (27) 12,800Total 1,728,800or 72% of the U.S. goats76.5% of U.S. Total
82005 U.S. Inspected Slaughter U.S. Total: 566,208 head8. Indiana22,8994%3. Pennsylvania37,0416.6%4. New York33,4595.9%7. Illinois25,6604.5%New Jersey209,15637%6. DE/MD25,6824.5%9. California22,2143.9%2. Texas38,0796.7%10. Florida15,6102.7%5. Tennessee29,6925.2%
9Types of Goat Operations Brush ControlUsed as weed eatersProfit is not the motivePurebred or Seed StockHigher start up costsBuild a reputationBreed associationRegistration of animalsMulti-Species GrazingCompliments other livestock enterpriseProfit can be a motiveCommercial Goat OperationProduce kids for meat productionManage for profit maximization
10Holiday Demand Holiday Date Type of goat Easter (Western) April 8, 2007March 23, 2008April 12, 200920 to 50 poundsEaster (Eastern and Greek)April 27, 2008April 19, 2009Independence DayJuly 420 to 35 poundsCaribbean holidaysAugust60 pound bucks
11Holiday Demand Holiday Date Type of goat Start of Ramadan (Muslim) September 13, 2007September 8, 2008August 22, 200945 to 120 pounds less than 12 monthsEid al Fitr (Muslim)October 13, 2007October 2, 2008September 21, 200945 to 120 pounds 60 pounds optimumEid al Adha (Muslim)December 20, 2007December 8, 2008November 28, 2009Yearlings, blemish freeDassai (Hindu)October 12, 2007September 30, 2008Male goats only, size depends upon number being fed
12Why are goats popular? Perfect for a small producer with limited: LandCapital (although can be higher than first thought)EquipmentCan be profitableOSU budget shows a return of $35/headShow goatsAround 1800 kids with goat projects
13Goat Industry Challenges Production diversity and multiple productsDemand diversityDemand futureWill future generations continue to eat goat?Geographic dispersion of production and consumptionSeasonality of supply and demandFragmented and limited market infrastructureLack of market informationLack of research on goat production
14What about the future? Goat numbers continue to increase. Theoretically could increase goat herd by 500,000.Show goat projects continue to increase.Currently have not reached saturation point.It is not the ostrich market all over again.It is not your dad’s goat farm.As long as there is a demand for the final product there will be a viable market.