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French 1 Periods 2 & 6 Monday, the 1 st of December.

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1 French 1 Periods 2 & 6 Monday, the 1 st of December

2 Bienvenue! Welcome back, everyone! I hope that you have had a good “Jour de Graces” with your families. However… we are now Back to School! – YAY! You have a lot of ground to cover this week, so… Let’s Get Started!!!

3 What do you need for today? You need: – une feuille de papier … et: – un stylo ou un crayon … et: – un attitude positif! (Remember: Teachers can bring you knowledge and teach you where to find it and how to use it, but it is up to YOU to work hard and to study and to memorize and to master the concepts introduced.)

4 Objectives: The student will be able to: – Use possessive adjectives in describing nouns – Ask and answer questions in using possessive adjectives – Describe whose object something is

5 Directions 1)Take out a piece of paper & a writing instrument. 2)On the top, RIGHT-hand corner of your paper, write BOTH your Class Number (the 3-digit code from the Computer lab that begins with a 2 (for second period) and a 6 (for 6 th period) AND your Name. 3)As each slide appears, read aloud to your partner, alternating who reads so that EVERYONE is reading and is paying attention. 4)On your OWN INDIVIDUAL sheet of paper, you must copy down any of the slides that are COLORED. 5)As each Activity appears, you must each complete each activity on your paper – you may work with your partner to figure it out, but each of you must have your answers written individually on your own paper with your notes. 6)At the end of the period, you will turn in all of your work – both your notes and materials to the substitute because I will be coming in tonight and will be looking at your work. NO EXCEPTIONS. This is BOTH for a grade AND for attendance verification. If you fail to submit your work today, you will receive an automatic ZERO.

6 To my students: Before you begin, here are some words of wisdom. Mark and remember: Do NOT be frustrated or upset. Be calm and carry on. ;) When students become frustrated and upset because they do not understand, they block themselves from learning… Some of you will find Possessive Adjectives easy and some difficult… For those who find it difficult, just take a deep breath and read-and-copy the notes as-directed, and try… If you do not try with a whole-hearted, open-minded effort, THAT is were students usually struggle and falter… So… take your notes and just do your whole-hearted best. And, as always: if you see someone struggling, help them.

7 Possessive Adjectives So… What is a “possessive adjective” anyway? (psst! – do not think too hard! ;) A possessive adjective is… … an adjective that shows possession!!!

8 Possession Possession refers to who OWNS or POSSESSES the object(s) in question… – Whose pen is that? – That is MY pen. Because possession refers to a person or to a Subject Pronoun, it always indicates the “Voice” or “Person” to whom it belongs: – 1 st person singular- 1 st Person plural – 2 nd person singular- 2 nd Person plural – 3 rd person singular- 3 rd person plural

9 Adjectives Adjectives describe/modify Nouns… And YES… in French, an adjective ALWAYS, ALWAYS, ALWAYS!!! modifies a noun in… – Gender (masculine/feminine) – Number (singular/plural)

10 Possessive Adjectives - English Even in English, we have Possessive Adjectives – and YES, they DO indicate the “person” or “voice” – so remember our chart! singularplural 1 st :myour 2 nd :youryour 3 rd :his/her/its/one’stheir

11 Possessive Adjectives - French In French, adjectives BOTH describe the “voice” – and, as such, fall into our chart: 1 st person singular1 st person plural 2 nd person singular2 nd person plural 3 rd person singular3 rd person plural … They ALSO indicate the Gender (m/f) and Number (s/pl) of the object(s) in question!

12 1 st person singular: “my” “My” is the 1 st person singular Possessive Adjective – it indicates that “ I ” own/possess the object(s) – and corresponds with the French Subject Pronoun for “I” which is “JE”. In French, there are 3 forms of this Possessive Adjective. The French words for “my” are: “ma” (pronounced: ‘mah’), “mon” (pronounced: ‘mohn’), et “mes” (pronounced: ‘may’)

13 1 st person singular: “my” singularplural ma mon mes

14 1 st person singular: “my” Therefore, when translating from French to English: “ma” means “my” “mon” means “my” “mes” means “my”

15 1 st person singular: “my” The difference is therefore in HOW & WHEN you use each of the three different words. For example, “mes” is the only one of the 3 words that ends in an “s” – it is therefore the only PLURAL version of the word – so it will not matter if the word you are describing is Masculine OR Feminine – all that matters is if it is PLURAL… “my pencils” = “mes crayons”

16 1 st person singular: “my” And… if “mes” is the only PLURAL format of “my” because it is the only one that ends in “s”, it is logical (and correct) for us to conclude that BOTH “ma” AND “mon” are SINGULAR formations of the possessive adjective “my”… … but which do you use and when do you use them?

17 1 st person singular: “my” Let’s start with “mon”… “Mon” is the MASCULINE, SINGULAR form of the possessive adjective “my”… It will be used for ANY noun that is MASCULINE SINGULAR. No matter what. No exceptions.

18 1 st person singular: “my” However, “mon” is ALSO used with certain FEMININE SINGULAR nouns as well! Remember that the French like how things ‘sound’… so they do not particularly like it when one word that ends with a vowel sound is coupled with another word that begins with a vowel sound… Do you understand now? YES! – For FEMININE SINGULAR words that begin with a VOWEL or with an ‘H’, the Masculine Singular form of the possessive adjective is used because IT ends in a Consonant (‘n’)!!!

19 1 st person singular: “my” The only form left of the Possessive Adjective “my” is therefore “ma” and… …YES! – you guessed it! “ma” is FEMININE and it is SINGULAR … … BUT… it is ONLY used for Feminine Singular words that begin with a Consonant!!! ;)

20 1 st person singular: “my” So, of the 3 French forms of the Possessive Adjective “MY”, the following is your rule: “ma”=F, S (C) “mon”= F, S (V/H) + M, S (all – V/C/H) “mes”=PL (all – F/M & V/C/H)

21 Key Words Subject Pronouns:Other Key Words: je (i)it(?) (ce/c’) you (tu)those/these (ce) he (il)is (est) it-m (il)are (sont) she (elle)a/an/one-m (un) it-f (elle)a/an/one-f (une) one (on)some (des) New Word: “ai” means “have” and is used with “je” “as” means “have” and is used with “tu”

22 NOTE!!! NO! – You do NOT need to know what all of the words mean… For the upcoming activities, you only need to know the following: 1)The subject pronouns and other key words which you should have ALREADY MEMORIZED!!! 2)The three 1 st person singular Possessive Adjectives we are learning: ma/mon/mes 3)How to identify a word’s Gender (m/f) and Number (s/pl) using the indefinite articles “un”, “une”, & “des”

23 Activity Directions For the activity which follows, you will choose one of the 1 st person singular Possessive Adjectives (ma/mon/mes) to complete each phrase. Be sure to break each sentence down grammatically in order to indicate WHY you made the choice you did: Gender (m/f), Number (s/pl), and if it applies, be sure to indicate initial letter (v/h/c) Graded 90% on how you break down your answers and 10% on correctness/seriousness/effort

24 Activity A: Now You Try!!! 1)J’ai une affiche. C’est ____ affiche. 2)J’ai des stylos. Ce sont ____ stylos. 3)J’ai une regle. C’est ____ regle. 4)J’ai un cahier. C’est ____ cahier.

25 Check your answers 1)J’ai une affiche. C’est ___ affiche. une = singular (meaning a/an/one) une = feminine (has the ‘e) est = singular (means ‘is) affiche = singular (no ‘s’ at the end) affiche = begins with a vowel (a) answer: MON reason: FS-V/H

26 Check your answers 2)J’ai des stylos. Ce sont ___ stylos. des = plural (some) sont = plural (are) stylos = plural (‘s’ at the end) answer: MES reason: PL (all)

27 Check your answers 3)J’ai une regle. C’est ___ regle. une = singular (a/an/one) une = feminine (ends in ‘e’) est = singular (is) regle = singular (no ‘s’ at the end) regle = begins with a consonant (r) Answer: MA Reason: FS-C

28 Check your answers 4) J’ai un cahier. C’est ___ cahier. un = singular (a/an/one) un = masculine (no ‘e’ at the end) est = singular (is) cahier = singuar (no ‘s’ at the end) Answer: MON Reason: MS (all)

29 2 nd person singular: “your” “Your” is the 2 nd person singular Possessive Adjective – it indicates that “ You ” own/possess the object(s) – and corresponds with the French Subject Pronoun for “You” which is “Tu”. In French, there are 3 forms of this Possessive Adjective. The French words for “your” are: “ta” (pronounced: ‘tah’), “ton” (pronounced: ‘tohn’), et “tes” (pronounced: ‘tay’)

30 2 nd person singular: “your” singularplural ma mon mes ta ton tes

31 2 nd person singular: “your” Therefore, when translating from French to English: “ta” means “your” “ton” means “your” “tes” means “your”

32 2 nd person singular: “your” Are you beginning to get the feeling of “deja- vu”? – Like this is repetitive and that you have already seen this before? – GOOD!!! – Because you have!!! “Ta”, “ton”, and “tes” function exactly like “ma”, “mon”, and “mes”!!!

33 2 nd person singular: “your” Notice the Pattern: “ta”:F, S (C) “ton”:F, S (V/H) + M, S (all – V/H/C) “tes”:PL (any: M/F & V/H/C)

34 Key Word Refresher Subject Pronouns:Other Key Words: je (i)it(?) (ce/c’) you (tu)those/these (ce) he (il)is (est) it-m (il)are (sont) she (elle)a/an/one-m (un) it-f (elle)a/an/one-f (une) one (on)some (des) New Words: “ai” means “have” and is used with “je” “as” means “have” and is used with “tu”

35 NOTE!!! NO! – You do NOT need to know what all of the words mean… For the upcoming activities, you only need to know the following: 1)The subject pronouns and other key words which you should have ALREADY MEMORIZED!!! 2)The three 2 nd person singular Possessive Adjectives we are learning: ta/ton/tes 3)How to identify a word’s Gender (m/f) and Number (s/pl) using the indefinite articles “un”, “une”, & “des”

36 Activity Directions For the activity which follows, you will choose one of the 2 nd person singular Possessive Adjectives (ta/ton/tes) to complete each phrase. Be sure to break each sentence down grammatically in order to indicate WHY you made the choice you did: Gender (m/f), Number (s/pl), and if it applies, be sure to indicate initial letter (v/h/c) Graded 90% on how you break down your answers and 10% on correctness/seriousness/effort

37 Activity B: Now You Try!!! 1)Tu as une affiche. C’est ____ affiche. 2)Tu as des stylos. Ce sont ____ stylos. 3)Tu as une regle. C’est ____ regle. 4)Tu as un cahier. C’est ____ cahier.

38 Check your answers 1)Tu as une affiche. C’est ___ affiche. une = singular (meaning a/an/one) une = feminine (has the ‘e) est = singular (means ‘is) affiche = singular (no ‘s’ at the end) affiche = begins with a vowel (a) answer: TON reason: FS-V/H

39 Check your answers 2)Tu as des stylos. Ce sont ___ stylos. des = plural (some) sont = plural (are) stylos = plural (‘s’ at the end) answer: TES reason: PL (all)

40 Check your answers 3)Tu as une regle. C’est ___ regle. une = singular (a/an/one) une = feminine (ends in ‘e’) est = singular (is) regle = singular (no ‘s’ at the end) regle = begins with a consonant (r) Answer: TA Reason: FS-C

41 Check your answers 4) Tu as un cahier. C’est ___ cahier. un = singular (a/an/one) un = masculine (no ‘e’ at the end) est = singular (is) cahier = singuar (no ‘s’ at the end) Answer: TON Reason: MS (all)

42 Activity C: Now You Try!!! How about a few more? - Be CAREFUL! – These are mixed “my” and “your”! ;) 1)J’ai une amie. C’est ____ amie. 2)Tu as un ami. C’est ___ ami. 3)J’ai deux oncles. Ce sont ____ oncles. 4)Tu as un frere. C’est ___ frere. 5)J’ai une soeur. C’est ___ souer.

43 Check your answers 1)J’ai une amie. C’est ____ amie. *JE* – “I” have something – it is “my” noun “my” = ma/mon/mes une = f,s est = s amie = singular (no ‘s’ at the end) amie = feminine (ends in ‘e’) amie = begins with a vowel (a) Answer: MON Reason: 1 st person singular “my” + FS-V/H

44 Check your answers 2) Tu as un ami. C’est ___ ami. *TU* = “you” = “your” (ta/ton/tes) un = ms est = s ami = singular (no ‘s’ at end) ami = masculine (no ‘e’ at end) Answer: TON Reason: 2 nd person singular “your” + MS (all)

45 Check your answers 3) J’ai deux oncles. Ce sont ____ oncles. *JE/J’* = “I” = “my” = ma/mon/mes deux = two (2) = plural sont = plural (are) oncles = plural (ends in ‘s’) Answer: MES Reason: 1 st person singular “my” & PL (all)

46 Check your answers 4)Tu as un frere. C’est ___ frere. *Tu* = “you” : 2 nd person singular (2 e ps) 2 nd person singular “your” PA’s: ta/ton/tes un = ms frere = s (no ‘s’) est = s Answer: TON Reason: 2 e ps + MS(all)

47 Check your answers 5) J’ai une soeur. C’est ___ souer. *Je* = “I” : 1 st person singular (1 e ps) 1 st person singular “my” PA’s: ma/mon/mes une = fs (‘e’) est = singular soeur = sing (no ‘s’) soeur = begins with a consonant (s) Answer: MA Reason: 1 e ps + FS-C

48 DIRECTIONS Turn in these notes and these activities to the substitute. Put them in alphabetical order by your French Class Numbers which you were to write at the top-right-hand corner of your papers. For the rest of the period (and as homework if you do not finish in class), you are to create a puzzle in French using your Classroom Objects Vocabulary (preparation for your exam on Friday)  next slide please

49 Puzzle Directions You are to create EITHER a word-search OR a crossword puzzle using 20 different Classroom Vocabulary words. Your CLUES are to be written in ENGLISH, but the answers to be located or written in FRENCH… Example: Search-a-Word clue: pencilin the puzzle, find: crayon Example: Crossword clue: penin the puzzle, write: stylo


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