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INTERTANKO Hellenic/Mediterranean Panel Meeting Athens, Greece CAPT John W. Koster U.S. Coast Guard Activities Europe United States Coast Guard.

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Presentation on theme: "INTERTANKO Hellenic/Mediterranean Panel Meeting Athens, Greece CAPT John W. Koster U.S. Coast Guard Activities Europe United States Coast Guard."— Presentation transcript:

1 INTERTANKO Hellenic/Mediterranean Panel Meeting Athens, Greece CAPT John W. Koster U.S. Coast Guard Activities Europe United States Coast Guard

2 Vessel Arrival Requirements U.S. Port State Control Environmental Compliance Port State Control Enhancement Initiatives Questions United States Coast Guard Overview

3 Vessel Arrival Requirements Advanced Notice of Arrival used to determine the following: –Conditions of Entry –Port, Waterways, and Coastal Security Status: “High Interest Vessel”? –Port State Control Activity Level United States Coast Guard

4 46 USC 70110(a): If a foreign port does not maintain effective antiterrorism measures, the Secretary: (1) may prescribe conditions of entry for any vessel arriving from that port; (2) may deny entry into the United States to any vessel that does not meet such conditions; and (3) shall provide public notice for passengers of the ineffective antiterrorism measures United States Coast Guard Conditions of Entry

5 Actions required by vessels visiting countries that do not maintain effective antiterrorism measures: – Security level 2 – Guard each access point to the ship – Attempt a Declaration of Security with the facility – Log all security actions – Report all actions to COTP before vessel arrival in the U.S. United States Coast Guard Conditions of Entry

6 United States Coast Guard Actions required by vessels in U.S. port: Boarding and/or examination at sea Pending results, MAY require armed security guards to ensure each access point is guarded New change: If a vessel demonstrates proper security compliance and can document appropriate actions where taken, the requirement for armed security guard(s) may be waived

7 Conditions of Entry Countries affected: – Cuba – Cameroon* – Equatorial Guinea* – Indonesia* – Guinea-Bissau – Iran – Liberia* – Mauritania* – Syria * = contains some exempted ports United States Coast Guard

8 Other Security Requirements The U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency (CBP) screens each crew member for U.S. visa status and nationality Screening results determine if a crewmember is a high-risk crewmember who must be detained on board Vessels determined to have high risk crewmembers on board are required by the USCG Captain of the Port to develop and implement a crew security plan as part of a MOU between USCG and CBP The number and qualifications of security guards is determined by the number of high risk crewmembers on board United States Coast Guard

9 High Interest Vessels Vessels that pose a high relative security risk to U.S. ports are designated as High-Interest Vessels A risked-based targeting scheme is utilized to determine level of security risk Factors include but are not limited to prior port calls, ISPS compliance, etc. Targeting criteria are considered classified information High Interest Vessels are boarded by armed law enforcement officers prior to entry into port The USCG may also conduct Security boardings on vessel not designated High Interest Vessels United States Coast Guard

10 PSC/ISPS/MTSA Targeted Elements Targeted Flag States (SOLAS and Non-SOLAS) Targeted Recognized Security Organization Targeted Recognized Organization Targeted Ship Management Owners Operators Charterers Targeted Countries (Last Ports of call) United States Coast Guard

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13 Detainable Deficiencies Despite required compliance dates of more than 5 years ago, the U.S. Coast Guard continues to find that ISM related deficiencies constitute a very large proportion of detainable items uncovered aboard substandard vessels One of the largest increases in detainable deficiencies this year was in the area of crew competency ISM Related Deficiencies 82 MARPOL, Annex I 61 Crew Competency 52 Fire Fighting Appliances 48 United States Coast Guard

14 Port State Control Appeals CG-5432 has Final Agency Action on Appeals All Other Major Control Actions Should Be Appealed First to the Cognizant Officer in Charge of Marine Inspection Class Related Detentions Should Be Submitted Directly to CG-5432 Appeal Process is outlined in 46 CFR Jan -Jul Appeals3620 United States Coast Guard

15 U.S. Environmental Compliance MARPOL Annex I MARPOL Annex VI Ballast Water Management United States Coast Guard

16 MARPOL Annex I Enforcement The U.S. Government requires strict compliance with MARPOL Annex I requirements by all vessels that are in the navigable waters of the United States We have recently clarified the formal policy that outlines our Port State Control examination procedures for pollution prevention equipment (Oily Water Separator & incinerator exams, etc.) These guidelines can be found on our website: The U.S. Government will work with the International Maritime Organization and Port State Control MOUs/Agreements to consistently enforce MARPOL Annex I requirements while respecting Flag States’ inherent sovereign authority United States Coast Guard

17 U.S. Ballast Water Policy Currently developing a Ballast Water Discharge Standard to approve Ballast Water Treatment Systems -Will closely align with IMO Ballast Water Management (BWM) Convention -Describes types of vessels required to install and operate USCG approved systems -Coast Guard Shipboard Technology Evaluation Program established to facilitate approval of ballast water treatment systems Ratification of IMO BWM convention is under consideration by the Administration Visit for more infohttp://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/cg522/cg5224/bwm.asp United States Coast Guard

18 Annex VI Implementation Ratified on October 9, 2008 Policies/regs are being developed; Port State Control enforcement is on the horizon Annex VI compliance intended to be a record review and a spot check of equipment. Like other similar exams of this type, exams can be expanded on an escalating scale if non-compliance is suspected. United States Coast Guard

19 Annex VI Implementation Implementing regulations are being developed, which will follow MEPC.96(47) closely NVIC will be promulgated Environmental Protection Agency/CG MOU will be employed Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular will replace the Policy letter and cover –PSC –Enforcement –CG/EPA interaction & cooperation –Update temporary/voluntary policy United States Coast Guard

20 How to best work with the U.S. Coast Guard Know why the Coast Guard is attending your vessel (Law Enforcement and/or Marine Safety) Be prepared for the type of examination and/or boarding to be conducted If an issue or problem does arise, you may be able to resolve the matter with the Port State Control Officer or Law Enforcement boarding team or contact the local Captain of the Port If faced with a Control Action or Detention for a deficiency, don’t be afraid to suggest an alternative for possible acceptance as a temporary equivalence Visit for comments and complaintshttp://www.uscg.mil/global/mail/ United States Coast Guard

21 Message from the Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard “Unfortunately I have received reports from highly respected professionals recounting Coast Guard boardings, inspections, and investigations not displaying professionalism. Additionally, some have said they have lost the complete trust they once had in the Coast Guard and are fearful of retribution if they challenge the Coast Guard’s conduct. We must change this perception. America’s position in the global economy, public and environmental safety, and Post 9/11 security are at stake. The need for maritime industry-government cooperation and partnership has never been more important. The Coast Guard’s obligation to the safety and security of America is shared by the maritime industry and enhanced by working cooperatively with industry at all levels. Openness and transparency will be the hallmarks of our maritime interaction.” United States Coast Guard

22 QUALSHIP 21 Incentives Principle Benefit: Less Coast Guard activity when vessel in U.S. port = reduction in possible delays = cost savings Freight vessels – Biennial Exams Tank vessels – Less detailed mid-period exam Worldwide Recognition: QUALSHIP 21 Certificates (issued to vessel and owner) QUALSHIP 21 certificates good for 2 years Issue date based on the vessel’s last successful U.S. PSC exam Vessel and flag State recognition via CG website and EQUASIS Flag State recognition via CG annual report Excellent marketing tool for owners / operators as well as flag States Benefit to Coast Guard: Less PSC examinations frees CG resources to focus on higher risk vessels

23 Over the next two years, the USCG plans to establish six Centers of Expertise –Passenger Vessels –Investigations –Towing Vessels –Liquefied Natural Gas –Great Lakes –Offshore United States Coast Guard Centers of Expertise

24 LNG ship riding program Ship ride with a check-off list of items for the PSCO to study: –LNG Systems –Regulatory requirements –LNG ship operations Approval and Start-Up United States Coast Guard Ship Riding Program

25 Merchant Marine ship- riding program Pilot program for newly assigned marine inspectors Part of CG Marine Enhancement Plan Utilizes U.S. and foreign flag vessels United States Coast Guard Ship Riding Program

26 USCG & World Maritime Univ. WMU was established in 1983 by the United Nations’ International Maritime Organization (IMO) “…in furtherance of the purposes & objectives of the IMO” The USCG supports the IMO effort through the USCG liaison at WMU The USCG liaison provides advanced maritime education, training, and research focusing in: Maritime Safety and Security Protection of Marine Environment Efficiency of Maritime Transportation USCG Contact at WMU - LCDR Agneta Dahl website: United States Coast Guard

27 27 Useful Websites 1. HOMEPORT -http://homeport.uscg.milhttp://homeport.uscg.mil 2. CFR NVIC – 4. eNOA COFR VRP Info eVRP Database – 8. Ballast Water Reporting - 9.PSIX USCG Activities Europe –

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30 United States Coast Guard Questions? International Outreach Mr. E.J. Terminella Port State Control Program CDR Jennifer Williams Passenger Vessel Examination Program Manager Mr. John Sedlak


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