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The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 ________________________________________ February 3, 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association1 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 As rural communities in Minnesota pursue the triple aim of greater access to higher quality, more cost effective health care, along with improved health and wellness, they face many unique challenges compared to metro-area residents. © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association2 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Unique Challenges In Our Rural Communities An increasingly older and lower income population which relies more heavily on public health care programs that pay below cost An older and dramatically shrinking health care workforce (primary and specialty care) with fewer new providers to replace them Hospitals, clinics, nursing homes and other providers under increasing financial stress - many having to close their doors Limited access to dental, mental health, obstetrics and other specialty care New health care requirements (EHR, Meaningful Use, value-based payment, quality measures, and more) but with fewer resources to achieve them The need for access to a skilled healthcare workforce and data analytics © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association3 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Top Issues Impacting Rural Health Healthcare Workforce Shortage Access Challenges Transportation Broadband Shortage Reimbursement Disparities Hospitals, Clinics, Nursing Homes In Crisis © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association4 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Healthcare Workforce Shortage The MN Medical Association (MMA), MN Hospital Association (MHA) and Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) all predict a physician shortage of between 800 to a few thousand in both primary and specialty care Fewer medical students are choosing primary care Lack of funding, facilities, faculty and the federal cap on residency slots are barriers to producing more rural health care providers Recruiting challenges, including cost of recruiting, pay disparities, call rotations, spousal employment and others © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association 5 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Healthcare Workforce Shortage Population per physician in Minnesota: Twin Cities metro – 297 Small town/Small rural – 674 Rural/Isolated – 2,043 Source: Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Rural Health and Primary Care © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association6 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Access Challenges In addition to a growing shortage of primary care, the Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Rural Health and Primary Care, has identified lack of access to certain specialty care, including Obstetrics Mental health Dental care Language interpreters Pharmacy / medication therapy management © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association7 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Transportation Rural Minnesotans list access to transportation as their top concern, especially among seniors who often require door-to-door rides that public services cannot accommodate. Volunteers are filling gaps in some rural communities while many more rural residents are simply too far from the transportation they need to remain healthy in-place. © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association8 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Broadband Shortage Telemedicine, tele-mental health, tele-education, tele-monitoring, telephone apps and robotic assistance are all vital to extending quality, cost-effective care to rural communities Major portions of rural Minnesota lack the broadband access necessary for tele-health and tele-medicine applications © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association9 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Reimbursement Disparities Rural health care providers serve a disproportionately large number of residents who rely on public health care programs Public programs (Medicare, Medicaid and others) often pay below cost and are increasingly reducing reimbursement Despite a high percentage of Minnesotans with health insurance, many still face unaffordable deductibles and other barriers to covering health care costs © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association10 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Hospitals, Clinics, Nursing Homes In Crisis Most hospitals in rural Minnesota operate in the red or with margins of less than 5 percent, making new health care reform requirements more difficult to afford. The health care infrastructure in much of rural Minnesota is a web of small hospitals, clinics and nursing homes, often attached to the hospitals and often experiencing significant financial stress. Many rural hospitals have financial margins too narrow or too low to support investments in critical plant and technological upgrades. © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association11 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Hospitals, Clinics, Nursing Homes In Crisis Medicaid and Medicare reimbursement rates remain generally below actual costs of services provided, stressing rural providers that depend more heavily on reimbursements from public programs. Many rural long-term care facilities are at risk of closure, affecting the health care safety net for the rural elderly. © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association12 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Achieving and Maintaining Health and Wellness According to a study by the University of Wisconsin and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation which ranked the overall health of Minnesotans by county, the worst health problems were found in rural parts of our state. Poor health outcomes were particularly concentrated in north central and northeastern Minnesota. © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association13 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 HF 211/ SF 3 The Minnesota Rural Health Association (MRHA) appreciates and strongly supports HF 211/SF 3 and its effort to add rural mental health professionals, public health nurses, dental therapists, advanced dental therapists and nurses who work in hospital-based nursing homes to the state’s health professional education loan forgiveness program, because of the critical need for such providers in our rural communities. © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association14 of 15
The State of Minnesota Rural Health 2015 Thank you. Minnesota Rural Health Association Steve Gottwalt, Executive Director P.O. Box 421 Waite Park, MN 56387 (952) 923-5265 www.mnruralhealth.org © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association15 of 15
The Minnesota Rural Health Association The Voice of Rural Health! © 2015 Minnesota Rural Health Association1 of 17.
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