County Offices Maintains jail, police official Investigates violent deaths Prosecutes criminal cases Sets value on taxable property Chief administrator of schools Keeps county funds Registers and records documents Sheriff Coroner District attorney Assessor Superintendent Treasurer Clerk
State and Local Taxes 1.Tax on the value of a deceased person’s estate. 2.Tax on the retail price of any good sold. 3.Tax on products not considered essential. 4.Annual tax on a person’s yearly wage. 5.Tax on the value of real estate. 6.Company pays tax on their profits. 1.Estate and Inheritance 2.Sales 3.Luxury/sin tax 4.Personal Income 5.Property 6.Corporate Income Graduated vs. Flat Tax?
“Read my lips, no new taxes...” Non Tax Revenues: 1.Toll bridges or roads. 2.Government operated businesses: state liquor stores. 3.Lotteries (regressive – people who can least afford normally play) 4.State and municipal bonds (ex. Schools) 5.Parking meters and fines 6.Federal grants: block, categorical, matching, equalization.
Types of Grants Block Categorical Matching Equalization. General amount from the federal government. Specific amount from the federal government. Must raise a matching amount for what you receive. Based on need, more you need higher the grant amount.
Financial crisis for local governments Reduction in federal grants. Public increasingly resistant to higher taxes. Vote them out. Pressure to spend enormous. Better schools, health care, punish criminals. Federal mandates: NCLB States must balance their budgets. Population continues to grow. Security