Presentation on theme: "Human Trafficking: Information for ESOL Teachers Part I"— Presentation transcript:
1 Human Trafficking: Information for ESOL Teachers Part I Vania Llovera, M.S., Assistant Director&Robin H. Thompson, J.D., M.A., Program DirectorFlorida State UniversityCenter for the Advancement of Human Rights
2 Project Support and Funding State Leadership Grant from Florida Department of Education1st year – Curriculum Development2nd year – Statewide TrainingSeeking comments and opportunities to provide training and technical support to ESOL programs statewide
3 Presentation Overview Understanding Human TraffickingWho are Traffickers?Who is Trafficked?Legal IssuesImportance in ESOLResources
4 Experiences Have you ever encountered a victim of trafficking? How did you know?How might an ESOL program/ teacher encounter a human trafficking situation?
5 What Is Human Trafficking? Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transporting, providing or obtaining, by any means, any person for labor or services involving forced labor, slavery or servitude in any industry, such as forced or coerced participation in agriculture, prostitution, manufacturing, or other industries or in domestic service or marriage. Definition used by the Freedom Network, based on the federal criminal law definitions of trafficking.
6 Scope of the ProblemIn the U.S. 14,500-17,500 annually, 80% women and childrenGlobally, accounts range from 600,000 to 4 million people trafficked worldwide each year (United Nations)Twenty seven million people in slavery around the world$9.5 billion business
7 Three Elements of Trafficking* RecruitingORHarboringMovingObtaininga person,1PROCESSbyForceORFraudCoercion2MEANSFor the purposes ofInvoluntary ServitudeORDebt BondageSlaverySex Trade3ENDFor Mod 2A woman came to see Aurelia’s mother in her Mexican village to offer Aurelia a job as a cook in America. She promised that Aurelia would make $200 per month and could go to school. The woman brought Aurelia into the U.S. by car and took her to a bar in Texas. Aurelia was told she would be working in the bar and had to pay off a $7,500 debt to the owners by working as a prostitute. When Aurelia refused to do the work and asked to go back home, the owners beat her and threatened to harm her mother if she did not do the work.*Freedom Network Training Institute
8 If you are an ESOL teacher… What should you do?Who should you call?What is your role and responsibility?
9 Human Trafficking Is On The Increase World poverty has increasedMillions of the world’s poor are desperate for economic survivalTraffickers prey upon people’s hopes for a better life in a new country
10 Human Trafficking Is Difficult To Stop The problem is fueled by government corruption in many countriesEffective prevention requires international cooperation between law enforcement agencies and many othersTrafficking is result of search for cheap labor (people come to the US with a work visa and then are trafficked)
11 Traffickers Use Brutal Means to Control Their Victims Beatings, burnings, rapes, & starvationIsolationPsychological abusesThreats of deportationThreats against the victim’s family members in the home countryDrug/alcohol dependencyWithholding of documentsDebt bondage
13 Modern-Day Slavery: A Prison Without Walls* Threats of deportationWithholding documentsThreats to family members in home countryIsolationVerbal abusePsychological coercion is often coupled with threatened or actual physical violence and sexual assault*Freedom Network InstituteHuman Trafficking is commonly referred to as modern-day slavery..The face of modern-day slavery is a different one than the old form of chattel slavery, characterized by physical chains and forced removal that dominated the transatlantic slave trade .Rather it is a prison with no walls, in which the tactics used are more underhanded and involve psychological coercion in the form ofWe now see threats of deportation, often victims do not know they are in the country illegally so they are told that after and that in the process the authorities will hold them in jail, and abuse them.Often, victims have their passports and papers confiscated as a control mechanismTraffickers often control victim’s communication with family members, not allowing phone calls or mail to be receivedVerbal abuse is often used as a way to deplete their self-esteemPhysical violence and sexual assault are also common elements in these types of situations.
14 Video Presentation “Dreams Die Hard” – www.freetheslaves.net Look for elements of trafficking:Process, Means, EndESOL, community, personal life – could YOU have seen these victims?
15 Who Are Traffickers? Organized crime Neighbors, friends, family members, village chiefs, returneesLabor subcontractorsAgricultural operationsOwners of small or medium-sized businessesFamilies (including diplomats and “mom & pop”, small or medium businessesFemales as well as malesDiplomats
16 Who Are Traffickers?Often members of the victim’s ethnic or national communityIn the United States with legal status and maintain close contact with their home countryFluent in English as well as a native languageHave significant social or political status in their home countries
17 Smuggling versus Trafficking* Crime or violation against a personContains element of coercion (cannot consent to enslavement)Subsequent exploitation and/or forced laborTrafficked persons seen as victims by the lawSmugglingUnauthorized border crossingNo coercionFacilitated illegal entry of person from one country to anotherSmuggled persons seen as criminals by the law*Freedom Network Institute
18 Labor Exploitation On the continuum with human trafficking Labor exploitation can be present without there being trafficking. This is still illegal.
19 Federal and State LawsThe Trafficking Victim Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) Defines new crime of human trafficking under federal lawFlorida has state human trafficking laws tooBoth criminalize a variety of human trafficking offensesFederal law increases prison terms for slavery violations from 10 to 20 years and adds life imprisonmentFederal law also provides relief to victims and prevention activity in US and globally
20 What Are The Options For Relief And Recovery?* Criminal prosecutionCivil law remediesRepatriationImmigrationEven without documentation, every person in the United States is protected by US labor & criminal law.*Freedom Network Institute
21 Why is it important in ESOL? Due to limited English proficiency, students may be vulnerableTeachers and their students will be able to help others who may be trafficked or be vulnerableMany students feel that their ESOL class is a safe environmentTo an extent, teachers are service providers to their students
22 Why is it important in ESOL? (cont’d) Teachers will know what to do if they suspect a student is a victimTeachers will learn to recognize traffickersStudents will be able to help themselves and others to know what human trafficking is, how to get help safely and their legal rightsStudents will know how to guard against recruitment.
23 Resources in Florida Robin Thompson, Project Director orVania Llovera, Assistant Executive DirectorFlorida State University,Center for the Advancement of Human Rights;
24 Resources in Florida Florida Department of Children and Families, Office of Refugee Services, Holly MerrickorFlorida Freedom Partnership:
25 Federal Resources Health and Human Services: Referral to aid organization in the victim's area.Toll-free number ( )(www.acf.hhs.gov/trafficking)Department of Justice:Trafficking in Persons and Worker Exploitation Task Force Complaint Line(voice and TTY).