Presentation on theme: "Northwestern Oklahoma Economic Development Federal and State Initiatives Grant Writing Workshop Sheryl Hale, Ed.D. email@example.com 405-743-5553 Linda."— Presentation transcript:
1Northwestern Oklahoma Economic Development Federal and State Initiatives Grant Writing Workshop Sheryl Hale, Ed.D.Linda Mason, Ed.D.
2Agenda Types of Grants Locating Grants Assessing Eligibility Planning a GrantWriting the GrantProposal Review and Follow-upGrant ManagementHiring and Selecting Grant Writers
3Types of GrantsMonetary award given by a government agency, foundation, corporation or other entity to fund a particular projectGenerally given to organizations as opposed to individuals
4Categories of SupportOperating – running program to meet community needsSpecial Project – new project or project with limited timeframeCapital/Equipment – specified amount for construction, renovation, expansion, purchase land or equipmentEndowments - planned gifts, will or trust
5Basic Grant Sources Government - Federal, State, Local Foundations 26 Federal Agencies (900 programs)FoundationsSecond-largest sourceDirect CorporateOver 66,000 foundations in US
6Assessing Funding Eligibility Type of organizationGeographic restrictionsPopulationSize of AwardSufficient amount to complete program activitiesNumber of grantsAward size and durationProject FocusProject complements funder’s goals and prioritiesNot uncommon for family and corporate foundation to limit grants to organization located in regions, state, city or towns where they do business.What activities the funder will and will not fund – Fund tutoring, scholarships, construction, funding categories, populations
7Assessing Funding Eligibility cont. Type of ActivitySpecified use of fundsRestrictionsMatching fundsExpenditure limitationsEvaluation requirements
8Searching For and Locating Grants Finding the right grant opportunity is most of the timeconsuming work in grantsmanship. Plan to spend at leasthalf your time in:finding the agencyinvestigating previous projects that the agency has fundedlearning about the grant proposal requirementsBecome familiar with your chosen grant funders.Search locally first.
9Hunting For and Locating Grants SHOTGUN APPROACH vs. RIFLE APPROACHSHOTGUN: Shoot a scatter shot and see what falls out.Look for funding agencies, investigate what they fund, and apply for something from the agency. Your goals are broad enough to be modified to fit their goals.RIFLE: Take careful aim at one specific target.Look for funding agencies that fund only what you want.Search for an exact match to fund your project using yourspecifically stated goals.
10Search Engines A search engine is a data base that you may use to find information by using key identifying terms.COS – Community ofSPINPlus –Foundation Center Online - fconline.fdncenter.org/Foundation Grants to Individuals - gtionline.fdncenter.org/Grant Services –FedBizOps -Charity Channel – charitychannel.comGoogle –
11Grant eNewslettersAll funding agencies and most foundations send eNewsletterswith their grant information.Grant Opportunities for Oklahoma Higher Education – (weekly announcements)Philanthropy News Digest – foundationcenter.orgPhilanthropy News Network Online - pnnonline.orgChronicle of Higher Education - chronicle.com/Don Peek (schools) –Faith Based and Community Initiatives Digest -
12Grant ResourcesGrant Opportunities for Oklahoma Higher Education – (click on Grant Resources)Cleveland State University -National Endowment for the Arts -Grant.gov (all federal grants)-Funders Online (Europe’s philanthropists) -FundsNet Online -Open Directory - dmoz.org/Society/Philanthropy/Grants/Grant-Making_Foundations/Oklahoma Foundations –Foundation Data Book (all foundations by state)-
13READ THE RFP!!! 5 Top Ways to Get Funded READ THE RFP! Read the RFP.
14Information Sources Annual Reports Federal Register Notice -www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/fedreg/frcont07.htmlCatalog of Federal Domestic Assistance /cfda/cfda.htmlIRS Form 990 –Funder GuidelinesAgency WebsiteFoundation Directory – foundationcenter.orgContact the Funding AgencyIRS Form 990 – How foundation distribute funds – Who, Size, durationGet copy of 990 by contacting IRS, directly form the public charity or Internet databases such as Guidestar (www.guidestar.org)
15Additional Considerations Necessary resources to implement the project and evaluate its progress?Staff expertise to develop and implement the project?Proper facilities and resources?Value of the project? Replication? Reinvention?Sustain project beyond funding?Time and resources to write and implement?
16Letters of Inquiry Alternative to a call or visit (Investigate organization to find preference)Do homework before the letter for previous funding history,types of projects, amountsProvide information about your organizationProvide information about your proposed project
17Letters of Inquiry 1-2 pages! Par 1 -- Who are you? Mission, organization, you are seeking fundsPar 2 -- Why this agency? You understand their prioritiesPar 3 -- What is the need? Clear and briefPar 4 -- What's the plan? Bullet goals/objectivesPar 5 -- Why fund you? Uniqueness, qualificationsPar 6 -- How much? Broad categoriesPar 7 – Closing – thank you, contact information, whether you will follow up with a phone call
18Letters of Intent Introduction Project Description Needs Solution Why you are writingMission and population servedProject DescriptionLink funder’s priorities and project goalsNeedsDemographic and statistical evidenceSolutionHow it addresses needBest practicesProject PlanActivities, timetables, methodologyOrganizational CapacityAbility and commitmentPrevious work and staff qualificationsBudgetFunding request, organizational support and other resourcesSustainabilityProject continuationLetter of Intent or InquiryOften foundation and cooperation request a letter of intent to screen out projects that do not meet their funding guidelines and avoid length proposal writing.Funder may also want to preselect projects in which it has an interest and request full proposalsLetters of Intent are brief and should be written on letterhead
19Planning the Grant Planning and Development Start with an innovative idea that addresses a specific challenge and/or need (purpose).Start documenting need. Social/Economic Costs, Beneficiaries, Nature of the Problem, Impending implications?Scan and identify grant opportunities.Target a grantMake sure your focus aligns to the grant criteriaMake contact with grantor agency!Review successful and recent awards.Identify partners, define roles and build partnerships as well as community support.
20Key Planning Questions What new projects (or program expansions) are you planning for the next two to three years?Which projects are most compatible with your current mission and purpose?Who else is doing this project or similar projects? What need/community need does each of your projects address?What would an improved community/situation look like?How can your organization/project improve the situation?What members of your community – including civic leaders and groups, political figures, the media, professional organizations, and your own clients could support the project?Does your organization currently have the expertise to undertake each project?
21Proposal Components Organization/Partner Descriptions Proposal Summary/AbstractStatement of Need – Problem and BackgroundProject Description: Goals and ObjectivesMethodology (Design and Timeframe)Evaluation - Outside Evaluators, Quantitative and Qualitative Measures Aligned to GoalsBudget and SustainabilityAttachments – Commitment letters, Resumes, Charts — All Partners and Industry
22Compelling Needs Statements Heart of your entire casefor support!A needs statement is a detailed account of the problem you plan to address.If reader does not understand and agree with your presentation of need (problem) He/she will not pay much attention to the rest of your proposal. A need statement describes a critical condition or set of condition or a social need affecting certain people or things in a specific place at a specific time.Answers the question…What is the community need to be addressed?
23Key ConsiderationsRelate need, have clear relationship to your organizations mission and goals.Focus on need in the community, target population or clients.Support need with evidence.statistical facts, expert testimony, literatureBe consistent with entity’s ability to respond.Make proposal easy to read and understand.Effective needs statements do not focus on needs of your organization….Make sure all data are well documented.Use stories and examples.Focus your explanation of the need on the geographic are you can serve.Eliminate jargon and acronyms
24Using Statistics Statistics Tell Sources How much? How many? How often?How severe? How costly?SourcesUS Census Bureau:Bureau of Labor Statistics:Oklahoma Department of Commerce:Employment Security Commission:Oklahoma Regents for Higher Education:Local universities, school districtsLocal Chambers of Commerce, nonprofits, professional associationsUse statistics judiciously…Do not use dramatic figures that paint a negative picture of an area or target population just to demonstrate how bad things are. May backfire…. Tie statistics directly to the problem that you are trying to solve.Start a file that includes items such as statistical data, reports, newspaper articles, white papers and other pertinent info you come across throughout the year.
25Creating Sense of Urgency StatisticsApproximately ___women were murdered in the US by their husbands or boyfriends in 1993.Leader/Expert QuotesDr. Flock said children who witness spouse abuse have a ___ percent chance of ….Case StatementsMary Quick, a typical Family Outreach Center client, suffers from …..National Need Compared to Local NeedIn the US, is estimated that ___percent of teenagers have tried drugs by age 17; this means that at Glory Side school ___ of seniors may have…..
26Questions to Consider Who are the people with the need? Where are the people with the need?What is the need?When is the need evident?Why does the need occur?What evidence do you have to support your claim?What are the consequences of the need?How is the need linked to your entity?
28Student support to go to college… When 24-year-old Tyesh Penn decided to attend Tulsa Community College – Metro Campus (TCC-Metro), she almost quit before walking through the door. Trying to navigate the complexities of enrollment through the Internet, Tyesha, an African-American single mother of two, found the process overwhelming. “I was confused,” she says. “I wanted to go back to school for a better future for my kids, but I felt like I was in over my head.” With an income of…
29Undergraduate research and education for science, technology, engineering and mathematics student majors…..Seventy-five percent of high school seniors intend to go to college. Of those, 43 percent actually enroll in college, and one-third of these becomes a STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) majors (Science and Engineering Indicators, 2002). College freshmen who plan to pursue a career in STEM disciplines too often become discouraged, sidetracked into other majors, or committed to other life-style choices and fail to matriculate to graduation. Regional universities in Oklahoma retain 67 percent of all first year, full-time freshmen, but graduate only 29 percent (OSRHE ). Barriers to retention of all students in college apply as well to STEM students…
30Medical research project… Drug treatment has fallen short of getting most treated hypertensive to go (BP below 140/90 mm Hg). A highly promising behavioral treatment is guided breathing, which involves a device that guides the patient to slow the breathing rate 6 to 10 breaths/minute (the typical respiration rate is 16 breaths/minute or more). The guided breathing intervention is typically used….
31Tutoring program for at-risk students…. The Johnsonville School District has the highest high school dropout rate in the state of Texas. The district has found that the three most common reasons students drop out of high school are failing grades, a lack of interest in school, and a lack of parental support. To combat the dropout problem, the Johnsonville School District is seeking grant funding to implement the Stay in School Program district-wide. The program will…..
32Project Plan or Description What you plan to do toaddress the need.
33Project Description What? Why? How? Who? When? Goals and Objectives Best Practices/EffectivenessHow?Tasks/ActivitiesWho?Program PersonnelWhen?Time LineSolution: What are you going to do to fix “the Need”Review of literature- Why did you decide on this solution? What are the best practices?Goals/Objectives/Activities/Outcomes – how are you going to accomplish the projectProgram/Project personnel – Who is going to administer the project? What are there qualifications?Timeline/Schedule of Activities- When will the project take place? What are the mile stones?
34Effective Goals/Objectives Goals - Broad statements reflecting ultimate results of accomplishment.Decrease dropout rate….Objectives – Measurement of what the organization will do to accomplish goal.Hold 54 tutoring sessions for….between Sept. and May 07Activities Specific Tasks or Strategies Implemented.Design and develop tutoring model …..Outcomes – Measure change as a result of project.85% of students participating in….returned to school…
35Q: How many grant writers does it take to change a light bulb?A: 100. Ten to do it, and 90 to write document number GC , Multitasking Incandescent Source System Facility, of which 10% of the pages state only "This page intentionally left blank", and 20% of the definitions are of the form "A consists of sequences of non-blank characters separated by blanks".
36Project Personnel Who will manage the project? Who will be involved in the project?What are their qualifications?What are their responsibilities?What is the management/organizational structure for the project?Are you using existing personnel or hiring someone after the award? If hiring, add a job description
37Project Personnel Documentation Assure funding agency you have the qualified staff to carry out the project.Job DescriptionVita or ResumeKey ResponsibilitiesProject ExperienceOrganizational Chart
38Questions to ConsiderAre goals/objectives/activities logically derived from needs statement?Have you explained why you selected activities or methods?Is the timing and order of events clear and understandable?Is it clear who will perform specific activities?Are proposed activities feasible considering resources?Is the proposal easy to read? Use simple and direct language.
39A grant writing professor was lecturing to his Federal and State Initiatives workshop one day. “Use the Plain English style to write clearly. In English," she said, “A double negative forms a positive. In some languages, though, such as Russian, a double negative is still a negative. However, there is no language wherein a double positive can form a negative." A voice from the back of the room piped up, "Yeah, right."
40Documenting Results and Impact Evaluation PlanDocumenting Results and Impact
41Evaluation Benefits Strengthens proposals in eye of reviewers. What works best.Learn what is going well and what is not.Program improvement during the implementationEnsures project is operating effectively.Recipients of public trust.Create a replicable model for others to use.
42Planning Evaluation What questions will evaluation answer? What are the specific evaluation plans and time frames?What data will be collected?Who will be evaluated/what will be measured?When will data be collected?What strategies, tools, or instruments will be used?Who will conduct the evaluation?Who will write and receive the report?How will the information be used to improve the project?
43Evaluators Internal versus external evaluator – or both Funder requirementsExternal outside entityFunding availability – rule of thumb approximately 10% of project costQualified candidates(click on Grant Writing Resources)
44Assessment Measures Quantitative Qualitative Number driven Bottom line QualityPerceptions and experienced participantsAdjust programs and procedures
45Evaluation Processes Formative Evaluation Summative Evaluation Ongoing process assessing project effectivenessRegularly scheduled data collectionHow well completing project activitiesSummative EvaluationFinal resultsLength of grantGoals and Objectives
46Project TimelineGoal: Primary goal of the Meal Consortium is to allow homebound elders to live independently.Objective: Reduce number of individuals leaving the Meal Consortium by 5 percent.ActivityDate(Year, Month, etc.)Responsibility1.a. Increase social service referrals and follow-up 75% of homebound elders.October 2005Project Coordinator2.a. Increase direct care services for 90%.August 2005CoordinatorLinks Goals, Objectives, and Activities to timeframe.Describe in narrative format (Broadly---not each activity) During year 1
48Budget justifies expenses and aligns with proposal narrative.
49Budgeting Steps Establish budget period. Estimate expenses. Decide whether and how to include overhead costs. Remember that overhead costs are real!Estimate donated goods and services based on real costs and valid sources.Estimate project revenues.Estimate project length six months or a year.
50Direct ExpensesConsider: Implementation, continuation, and phase-down costs.Salaries and increases.Utilities, insurance, rental space, and equipment.Food, transportation, and telephone.Evaluation systems, audits, accounting systems, and dissemination activities.Materials and supplies.
51Indirect or Overhead Costs Shared by all of the program and entity but difficult to assign specific amounts to any one program.Liability InsuranceCopier LeaseFinancial ManagementRecovery of indirect costs.Funders guidelinesOrganization guidelinesBudget detail should include what is covered under indirect costs. For example, if telephone is covered as a direct expense it should not be covered included in indirect costs.Indirect costs are usually calculated as a percentage of total direct costs. Indirect costs can range from as little as 5 percent for a charter school to as much as 60 percent for a major university. Your agency may already have an approved indirect cost rate from a state or federal agency. Contact your business manager or contact the US Office of Management and Budget or your state’s Fiscal Agency.
52In-Kind Matching Funds Read funder’s definition carefully.Can the match be an in-kind contribution (i.e., soft cash or services)?Personnel • ContractualFringe benefits • ConstructionTravel • MiscellaneousEquipment • Indirect costs Charges waiving orSupplies reductionCash Match:When your are trying to find available money for hard cash match, check with financial officer and
53Cash Match Cash match (hard cash) Work with business manager to explore:General operating fundsSpecialized allocationsOther state or federal grants (allowable)Private sector grantsSet up a fund internally for matching
54Budget Principles 0 mistakes! (at least 3 proofers) Consistent format – numbers, dollar signs, decimals, commasAsk for enough, but just enough.Clearly justify your figures with real estimates, real travel locations, real mileage, real salaries (no estimates).Tell your story. If someone cannot understand your project from reading your budget, start over.Include ALL project costs, ALL internal contributions, ALL partner contributions, and plans for sustaining the project.When you do not have a person hired for a position, include a clear job description.
56 Period of Grant Income from Fundraising 1998 Actual 1999 Actual 2000 Period of GrantIncome from Fundraising1998 Actual1999 Actual20002001200220032004Direct Mail35,44439,69650,00070,000100,000110,000120,000Events57,41443,21157,00075,000Major Donors26,60020,00040,00077,000170,000175,000United Way232,938182,000190,000200,000Corporations11,50095,751145,000185,000195,000210,000This Grant80,000Other Foundations18,42825,76090,000140,000160,000Community33,03651,03160,00092,000138,000125,000TOTAL252,422508,387667,000833,0001,000,0001,050,0001,110,000
57Budget Presentation You should present your budget in four different ways:Narrative format (a short summary that refers to percentages and precedes the standard format).Visual format, such as a pie chart that reflects the percentages mentioned in the narrative.Standard numerical format.Budget justification (details about each numerical item and follows the standard format).
58Preceding NarrativeThe overall annual budget for the Center for Women and Children is projected to be $465,000. Of this amount 53% is for salaries and benefits, 37% is for programs and services to women and children, and 10% is for administration and fundraising expenses.
60Standard Form (usually provided) Item Annual ExpenseA. Personnel (Salaries, Wages)Executive Director $65,000Administrative Assistant, .5 FTE $22,000Program Director $38,000Program Assistant $32,000Development Director $38,000Membership Coordinator $32,000Office Assistant $26,500Total Personnel $183,500B. Benefits Medical/dental coverage $22,000 C. Contractual1. Web design and maintenance $11,5002. Accounting (monthly) $
61Budget Justification Thoughtful narrative per each item Summary overviewDiscuss any significant increases or decreases compared with last year's or next year's budgetImportant figures (such as a high per unit cost).For example, if your $250,000 organization has a $75,000 increase in rent, explain why.
62Sample Budget Justification Executive Director, Dr. Joan Smith The budgetrequest is for 1.0 FTE $65,000 annualsalary plus fringe at 22%.Administrative Assistant, Ms. Mary Smith Thebudget request is for .5 FTE administrative assistant@ $47,500 annual salary plus fringe at 20%. Shewill be .5 FTE for the Oklahoma GEAR UPprogram, also. Office space is being contributed to the project by the Oklahoma GEAR UP program.
63Get Budgeting HelpIf you are new to budgeting or want to take a moment to be sure that you are up-to-speed on preparing a budget, there are sources available on-line that have good budget examples. One tutorial may be found at the Foundation Center's website
64Management PlanHow organization is structured and the resources available.Key personnelOrganizational structureFinanceHRUnique features, i.e. volunteers, student workers, leveraging other workers
65Dissemination PlanHow will you share information about project discoveries and resources?Who will you target?What communication tools will you use?State and national conferencesPublications, i.e. journal articlesNewslettersWeb SitesPod casts, Wikipedia, Blogs, WebinarsInteractive TelevisionCommercial Television Ads or PSA’sNews releasesNewspaper AdsCommunity Organization MeetingsSchool ClassesSpeakers’ Bureau
66Supporting Documentation Common requestsOrganization's IRS determination letterDUNS number – fedgov.dnb.com (Dun & Bradstreet)Central Contractor Registry (CCR) – – E-Business POC – M-PIN passwordAOR – Authorized Organization RepresentativeBoard members and affiliationsOrganization’s budgetOrganization brochure/current newslettersLatest annual reportStrategic planSupplemental funding sourcesLetters of commitmentMost government and foundation funders give a list of what they wish to receive in the appendixes. But most corporations do not.
67Letters of Commitment Must have substance! Avoid duplicate wording All partnersIncludeNeed perspectiveWhy proposal will solve needWhat support will they provide the project?Donate equipment/fundingHire graduatesIdentify participantsServe on committeesSustain after the grant period
68Abstract or Summary Proposal initiative Statement of need Goals Project name, funding competitionStatement of needGoalsMeasurable objectivesKey activitiesImpact on problemWhat will improve and how many will project impact over project duration.Brief one page review of what the reviewer will find in the application/proposalWritten after grant narrativeKey sentences from the main sections
69Abstract or Summary Short – 1 paragraph to 1 page This is the summary that is sent to your local congressional office, and they use it to send out news releases.
70Submission ProcessOklahoma DOES NOT have a central point of contact requirementRead submission requirements earlyIndividual or PartnershipDrives grant/processClearly defined rolesLead organizationSubcontractFiscal sponsorPlan Ahead (submit at least 1 week early)Follow Funder ProcessApplication InstructionsTechnical requirementsChecklistElectronic (Electronic takes TIME, sometimes days or weeks!)PaperDecide early in the processFiscal sponsors occurs when an organization that applies for grant funding uses another organization to serve as its agent for the receipt and management of grants funds.Meet all deadlinesAllow time for all signatures, mail delivery, postmark datesRegistration processSubmittal requirements: special sing-off , notarized copies of the board minutes and resolutions that authorize you organization approval, letters of commitment form consortia members
71Double Check Create checklist of required items and supplements. Proposal elementsCriteriaTechnical requirements (proof font, tabs, margins, style)Submittal requirements (hard copy, e-copy)BudgetOutside readers evaluate.New pair of eyes to evaluate work. Get three persons to review: one close, one semi-close, and one cold. Try a teen ager or a grandmother.Track submission with follow-up note, call, or electronic verification.
72Review Process Guidelines vary by entity Selection criteria and scoringPublished in solicitation and federal registerPeer reviewFoundations and state and local government review quicker than federal government.Federal government six to 12 monthsAmount of points assigned to each session indicates importance
73Become a Reviewer WHY? Learn to write grant proposals Learn about the funded grants of the agencyLearn the process and improve your oddsNetwork with others like youSimplify your writingProvide a serviceHOW?Tell the recipient of a grantTell the funder, program director, head of agencyApply online – provide a vitae and short synopsis of why you may be of helpNeed not have grant experience, just content expertise
74Life After the Grant Grant is Accepted YEAH!!! Negotiated. This is VERY OK!!!Grant is RejectedHave 8 hours of depression and regroup.Obtain reviewer comments.Make personal visit.All might not be lost...Remember, REJECTION IS GOOD!Write Thank YouIn either case, keep writing. BE PERSISTENT!
75Grant Administration Financial Administration Critical Determine allowable/unallowable costsMaintain recordsFinancial and staffPublicityDetermine cost accounting standards, OMB CircularsAccountingProcurementPersonnelProperty managementTravelReportingStaff- How salary is distributed across funding streams (time and effort) reportsFederal grants regulated by OMB circulars
76Hiring and Selecting Grant Writers Using an outside grantwriter may seem to be the best method of success in grant seeking. Ask:Does our organization have the skills required for this project? (no = hired)Is this a short term project or require long term commitment? (long term = in house)Does this project require outside objectivity? (hired)
77Hiring and Selecting Grant Writers PROsOn time, on budgetHonestAttention & time to projectExperienceCONsExternal valuesHave to gain knowledgeLack of passionLack of relationships
78Principles of Working With a Grantwriter Prepare a one-page Scope of WorkGet referralsCost, Confidentiality Statement, Code of EthicsPay a fee, not a % - same if grant is funded or notInterview 3 at your expenseSelect based on chemistry! calendar, costTurn loose! Let the professional work.Final report - hours spent on meetings, research, writing - costs of materials, postage, copying
79Northwestern Oklahoma Economic Development Federal/State Initiatives Grant Writing Workshop Sheryl Hale, Ed.D.Innovative Programs, Research and DevelopmentOklahoma Department of Career and Technology EducationLinda Mason, Ed.D.Coordinator for Grant WritingOklahoma State Regents for Higher Education
80Book ReferencesJoseph Barbato and Danielle S. Furlich, Writing for a Good Cause: The Complete Guide to Crafting Proposals and Other Persuasive Pieces for Nonprofits, Simon and Shuster, 2000.David Bauer, The “How To” Grants Manual: Successful Grantseeking Techniques for Obtaining Public and Private Grants, 3rd, Oryx Press, Phoenix, AR, 1995.Alexis Carter Black, Getting Grants: The Complete Manual of Proposal Development and Administration, Self-Counsel Press, Bellingham, WA, 2006.Bev Browning, Grant Writing for Dummies, 2nd., Wiley Publishing, Hoboken, NJ, 2005.Mim Carlson, Winning Grants Step by Step, Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco, 1995.Arlen Sue Fox and Ellen Karsh, The Only Grant-Writing Book You’ll Ever Need, Publishers Group West, 2006.Kenneth Henson, Grant Writing in Higher Education: A Step-by-Step Guide, Prentice Hall, 2003.
81Interesting Articles“Hiring and Working With Grantwriters and Consultants: Know What You Need and Let Them Do It!” – Linda Hauser, Wednesday, May 04, 2005,“Positioning Grant Writers For Success” - <http://www.raise-funds.com/040202forum.html>“The Buck Starts Here” – Karen Markin, The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 21, 2005.“Know the Process, Improve Your Odds” – Brian Cobb and Stacy Abate, February 22,“Lessons in Evaluation: How Serving on Grant Panels Could Make You a Better Writer” – Jennifer Phelps, July 7, 2004,“Lets Ask for One Million Dollars or Why Successful Grantsmanship Isn’t Like Buckshot” – Katherine Felts, April 8, 2003,“Tips for New Grant Writers” – Shelly Uva, March 12, 2002,
82Helpful WebsitesOklahoma State Regents for Higher Education -Training Videos -The Art of Grantsmanship -The EPA Grant Writing Tutorial -The Foundation Center -Writing Winning Proposals, the US Department of Energy -Association of Fundraising Professionals -