Presentation on theme: "January 30, 2015 Today we will: 1.Complete the Westward Expansion review sheet 2.Review the chps. 6 and 7 3.Review for the quiz Monday 4.If we have time."— Presentation transcript:
January 30, 2015 Today we will: 1.Complete the Westward Expansion review sheet 2.Review the chps. 6 and 7 3.Review for the quiz Monday 4.If we have time we will finish up with planning your trip. HW: Study for the Westward Expansion quiz Monday.
NORTH CAROLINA 1789-1850) The Reed family found the first gold in NC Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the oldest public university in the United States. In 1792 Raleigh was named the permanent capital of NC
How did the farmers create a problem that caused the rivers to flood and the sounds to become shallower? The farmers created a problem that caused the rivers to flood and the sounds to become shallower by over using their land. The topsoil eroded and when it rained soil washed into the streams. Gradually this sediment moved to the sounds and made them even shallower and harder to travel.
What economic condition occurred after the war that created debt for the farmers? After the war, in 1819, an economic recession caused the state to go into debt. Land values fell and many farmers went into debt.
Most of the people in the state followed Nathaniel Macon and his beliefs about government. What did they believe about the involvement of government? Nathaniel Macon believed that the problems could be solved without the government getting involved.
What was happening with many people who were born in NC? Many of the people of North Carolina were leaving the state to go to states that were more prosperous. This is called emigration and had a negative impact on the progress of the state.
Select 2 words to describe the state after the Revolutionary War? Explain why you chose those words? ~Backwards~Not progressive ~Stagnant ~Uneducated ~Poor
Who was the leader of the men who wanted to make “internal improvements” in NC after the war? Archibald Murphey led the group of men who pushed for internal improvements and public education.
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS OF ARCHIBALD MURPHEY SPECIFIC PROBLEMSSOLUTIONSOUTCOME Internal Issues ~poor transportation ~clogged sounds ~unnavigable rivers -build canals -dredge canals -dredge rocks out of the Catawba and Yadkin Rivers Funding was slow and because of a recession money was spent on smaller projects. There was little money to impact transportation. Education ~poor schools ~not enough teachers ~not enough schools -taxes would pay teachers -students pay according to family income -building of “common schools” A Literary fund was started but never grew because the state was so poor. The state also kept borrowing money from the fund.
How was sectionalism still an issue in the state in 1830? Sectionalism was still a problem in NC in 1830. The east wanted to retain its control of the state legislature and keep representation to the number of counties in a region and not population. The 1830 census showed that the west had more people. Westerners began to push for more equal representation.
North Carolina:1800s “The Rip Van Winkle State” Rip Van Winkle was a character in a poem by Washington Irving. In it a man fell asleep for 20 years. When he woke up everything had changed around him.
Isolation~Lack of good roads and ways to communicate ~People lived far apart ~Few towns and little trade ~Feeling of individualism (concerned only with their needs; didn’t want government interference Education~Approximately 1/3 to 1/2 of the people in NC were illiterate ( could not read or write) ~Children were needed on the farms ~By 1800 NC had no public schools ~Schools were primarily for the wealthy and white males Why was NC called the “Rip Van Winkle” state It seemed that the state was asleep compared to the other states that surrounded it.
Economy~Primarily an agricultural state relying on one crop-cotton ~Little industry, limited commerce and inadequate banking Emigration~Farmers depleted the land of fertility ~Farmers could not transport their goods ~Between 1815-1850 1/3 of the population left and emigrated to other states ~About 200, 000 people left ~1850; 31% of all native North Carolinians were residents in other states Why was NC called the “Rip Van Winkle” state
Government~East controlled all branches of the state government ~Most of the population was in the West ~Wealthy wanted to keep a control of the government ~Property, not people, controlled the government Why was NC called the “Rip Van Winkle” state
Review of Problems Faced in NC during the early 1800s Isolation Education Economy Poor Farm Conditions Transportation and Communication Migration to Other States Undemocratic Form of Government
Many North Carolinians did not like being called the “Rip Van Winkle” state. Why do you think they took offense at this title? What did this imply about the character of the state and its people?
ISSUEBefore ConventionAfter Convention Representation-based on wealth, not population -every county would have at least 1 rep and more populous counties would have additional -Senate determined by wealth Election of Governor -Legislature chose him -Voter directly elected him Suffrage-Men over 21 could vote, including free blacks -Right to vote taken from free black men and Native Americans Requirements to Hold Political office -Only white male Protestants were allowed to hold office -Catholics could hold office but denied Jews and atheists right to hold office Constitution of 1835: Steps Forward and Back
Which section of North Carolina liked the new rules regarding representation in the house? Which section of North Carolina liked the new rules regarding representation in the senate? In what way did the Native North Carolina constitution become more democratic after 1835? How was it less democratic?