2Standards History in Florida YearStandards1977Minimum student performance skills defined1985State Board of Education approval of curriculum frameworks (now defined as course descriptions) and student performance standards remained in place until 19951995New minimum performance standards1996Florida Sunshine State Standards developed in all content areasFlorida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards developed in all content areas20102010 Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (Common Core) in ELA and Mathematics
3Requirements Specified in State Law State Board of Education - establish the standards that specify the core content, knowledge and skills that K-12 public school students are expected of acquireEach district school board - provide all the courses and appropriate instruction designed to ensure that students meet State Board of Education adopted standards
4Standards are not Curriculum The standards describe “the what” that students need to learn; however, they do not spell out “the how” for teachers. Curriculum and instruction define “the how.” “The how” is determined at the local levels; the district, the school and the classroom.
5Why standards?Standards ensure all student have access to quality content at each grade level and in each content area.“The standards "movement" grew out of frustration in the late 1990s with a fragmented public school system with many levels of bureaucracy — local, state, national — in which expectations for students varied widely and too few poor and minority students were achieving.”Greatschools.org
6Why change our standards? Research on the state of standards in the US was presented in 2008; this research indicated:Countries are out performing our students on international assessments (even our best and brightest)Top performing countries have higher standards and fewer standards per grade levelEconomists report that stronger foundational skills in math and reading are requiredHigh school graduates require remediation to enter college courses
7Florida’s ResponseImplementation of a “Next Generation” internationally benchmarked standards development process (Section , F.S. 2008) that includes:ResearchOther states’ and nations’ standards considered exceptionally rigorousProcess guided by “renowned” content expertsWriters that include:Postsecondary expertsExperts in the fieldEducatorsReview and comment by:Educators at all levelsLeaders in business and industryThe public
8Florida ResultsHighly rated “Next Generation Sunshine State Standards”Fewer concepts per grade level providing for more in-depth instruction
9David ColemanRegarding countries that out-perform us, “….they work harder and longer than we do; they work on everything and our kids may be a little bit more creative, but there’s no way they’ll ever do this much hard work so we might as well fold our tents up now….actually they focus on fewer things done well.”
10Results: World Class Mathematics Standards – K-8 Narrower and Deeper Grade LevelSunshine StateNext GenerationCommon CoreKindergarten671122First781421Second8426Third881725Fourth8928Fifth7723Sixth1929Seventh24Eighth93
11Why the decision was made to include the Common Core in our Next Generation Standards Benefits to Florida studentsChildren of the military (94,000 ages 0 to 18)Equitable access to high quality contentStandards that demand a higher level of critical thinking and problem solving (defending solutions, providing evidence of responses)Nationally and internationally competitive academic performanceRecognition of student achievement by postsecondary institutions and employers across state boundariesBenefits to FloridaEconomies of scaleEducation resourcesAssessmentsInstructional materialsNational and international comparisons of student performance
12Common Core K -12 State Standards Requirements Aligned with college and work expectations;Clear, understandable and consistent;Include rigorous content and application of knowledge through high-order skills;Build upon strengths and lessons of current state standards;Informed by other top performing countries, so that all students are prepared to succeed in our global economy; andEvidence- and research-based.
13Resources Used in the Development of Mathematics and English Language Arts Common Core K-12 State StandardsNationally Respected State StandardsFlorida standards as well as other highly rated statesInternationally Respected National StandardsState Departments of EducationFlorida a lead stateScholarsAssessment DevelopersProfessional OrganizationsEducators PreK-20 (including Florida)ParentsStudentsThe Public
14Common Core State Standards Initiative Standards-Setting Criteria The following criteria guided the standards development workgroups in setting the draft college- and career-readiness standards.Preamble: The Common Core State Standards define the rigorous skills and knowledge in English Language Arts and Mathematics that need to be effectively taught and learned for students to be ready to succeed academically in credit-bearing, college-entry courses and in workforce training programs.
15Florida’s Participation in Common Core State Standards Development Florida’s Next Generation process of standards development was provided and guided the processLeadership by Florida educators; content experts, writers and reviewersFlorida standards were cited as a resource for writersFlorida staff met face-to-face with both teams of writers prior to first draft of K-12 standardsPreliminary and final drafts reviewed by staff and key stakeholdersBi-weekly conference calls with Florida districts, agenda item on Superintendent conference calls, and meetingsConference calls with state team and writing teamsPostsecondary review meetingMeeting with Florida PTA leadershipPublic review site sent to all district curriculum leads, communicated to school districts, and placed on the FLDOE web sitePublic review period – 433 Florida individuals provided feedback
16Fordham’s Rating Math Next Generation – clear and concise Content AreaStandardsRatingMathematicsNext GenerationACommon CoreA-English Language ArtsBB+MathNext Generation – clear and conciseCommon Core – require modeling with greater focus on conceptual understanding, proof of solutionsELACommon Core – require more writing and providing evidence to support responses
17What Common Core State Standards Are What are the content areas?English language artsMathematicsWhat are the grade levels?Kindergarten through 12th grade
18Emphasis in Addition to Content English Language Arts Students who are College and Career Ready in English language arts:Demonstrate independenceBuild strong content knowledgeRespond to the varying demands of the audience, task, purpose and disciplineComprehend as well as critiqueValue evidenceUse technology and digital media strategically and capablyUnderstand other perspectives and culturesEnglish language arts:ReadingWritingSpeakingListeningLanguage
19Emphasis in Addition to Content Mathematics Students who are College and Career Ready in MathematicsNumber and QuantityAlgebraFunctionsModelingGeometryStatistics and ProbabilityMake sense of problems and persevere in solving themReason abstractly and quantitativelyConstruct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of othersModel with mathematicsUse appropriate tools strategicallyAttend to precisionLook for and make use of structureLook for and express regularity in repeated reasoning
20So, what do the CCSS really look like? Third Grade Writing StandardNext GenerationThe student effectively applies listening and speaking strategiesCommon CoreAsk and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail.Florida’s existing Next Generation Sunshine State Standards provide students with a strong foundation for success on the Common Core State Standards.The Fordham Foundation compared them in 2010, and found that similarities in rigor were “too close to call.”Florida is committed to developing resources and providing support as districts transition to the Common Core.
21So, what do the CCSS really look like? Sixth Grade Mathematics StandardNext GenerationUse and justify the rules for adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing and finding the absolute value of integers.Common CoreDistinguish comparisons of absolute value from statements about order. For example, recognize that an account balance less than - $30 represents a debt greater than $30.Florida’s existing Next Generation Sunshine State Standards provide students with a strong foundation for success on the Common Core State Standards.The Fordham Foundation compared them in 2010, and found that similarities in rigor were “too close to call.”Florida is committed to developing resources and providing support as districts transition to the Common Core.
22More emphasis on use of technology to communicate and solve problems.
23Shifting to Common Core State Standards - Technology English Language Arts Content and InstructionStarting in kindergarten: “With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing including in collaboration with peers,”Beginning in grade 3: “…using search tools…,”; “gather information from print and digital sources….provide a list of sources,”Beginning in grade 6: “…viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text…,”; “Integrate information presented in different media or formats..,” Grades 9-12: “use technology, including the internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or share writing projects….,”
24Example: Writing Grades 3 – 12 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflections and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes and audiences.Using technologyGrade 4….type a minimum of one page in a single sittingGrade 5….type a minimum of two pages in a single sittingGrade 6….type a minimum of three pages in a single sitting
25Shifting to Common Core State Standards - Technology Mathematics Content and InstructionCalculators, spreadsheets, computer algebra systems, statistical packages or dynamic geometry software are all named as appropriate tools.Grade six is the first grade level that includes standards most appropriately taught with a technological tool: geometry software and spreadsheets.After grade six, all the above-mentioned tools should be used in mathematics classrooms.
26Florida’s Adoption and Implementation Timeline Year2008Next Generation Standards processParticipation as a Lead State in the Development2010Florida Review of Final DraftStandards Presented to the State Board of Education, JuneStandards Adopted by the State Board of Education, July
27Florida’s Common Core Mathematics and English Language Arts Standards Implementation Timeline Year/Grade LevelK123-89-12K-5 Instructional MaterialsB6-12 Instructional Materialsfull implementation of CCSS for all content areasB - blended instruction of CCSS with Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS); last year of NGSSS assessed on FCAT 2.0
28State Standards:Continuing to raise the bar on education standards, by including an emphasis on critical and analytical thinking, to drive continued improvement by Florida students