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UNACCOMPANIED IMMIGRANT CHILDREN. From Countries in Central America.

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Presentation on theme: "UNACCOMPANIED IMMIGRANT CHILDREN. From Countries in Central America."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNACCOMPANIED IMMIGRANT CHILDREN

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4 From Countries in Central America

5 A half million migrants travel to the USA from Central America each year

6 Central American immigrants ride north atop a freight train known as “La Bestia,” or “The Beast,” near Juchitan, Mexico. It is part of a long and perilous journey through Mexico to reach the U.S. border. Photo by John Moore/Getty Images

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8 On top of “La Bestia”

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10 Placement centers that hold migrants, like this in in Nogales, Arizona, have been overflowing with the more than 47,000 unaccompanied children who have entered the country illegally since Oct. 1. Photo by Ross D. Franklin-Pool/Getty Images

11 Detainees sleep in a holding cell at a U.S. Customs and Border Protection processing facility, on June 18, 2014, in Brownsville,Texas. Brownsville and Nogales, Ariz. have been central to processing thousands of unaccompanied children who have entered the country illegally since Photo by Eric Gay-Pool/Getty Images

12 Two young girls watch a World Cup soccer match from the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Nogales Placement Center in Brownsville, Texas, where hundreds of children, most from Central America, are being held after crossing the border. Photo by Ross D. Franklin-Pool/Getty Images

13 Detainees, with the shoe strings removed, wait at a U.S. Customs and Border Protection processing facility, on June 18, 2014, in Brownsville,Texas. Photo by Eric Gay-Pool/Getty Images

14 NorthSouthLooking for Appropriate Clothing

15 WHY THE “SURGE”? Push Factors Poor social and economic conditions at home Gangs & violence in home countries Pull Factors Failed immigration policies in USA Family re-unification Better employment opportunities Weather more conducive to travel

16 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Art. 13) (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his/her own, and to return to his/her country. Refugee status As many as 2/3 of the migrant children may qualify for refugee status because they fear violence and persecution in their home countries. (UN High Commissioner for Human Rights)

17 HUMAN RIGHTS International human rights standards provide for detention of children only as a last resort and for very short periods. The United Nations stated in 2013 that children should never be detained for immigration reasons, and that immigration detention can never be considered in a child’s “best interests.”

18 CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (USA HAS SIGNED BUT NOT RATIFIED) Article 3 1. In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration. Article States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a child who is seeking refugee status or who is considered a refugee in accordance with applicable international or domestic law and procedures shall, whether unaccompanied or accompanied by his or her parents or by any other person, receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention and in other international human rights or humanitarian instruments to which the said States are Parties.

19 US GOVERNMENT RESPONSE “Policies fall short of international standards” 2003 – care of unaccompanied child migrants changed from Homeland Security to Health & Human Services 2012 – Executive Order allowed 2-year deferral of deportation hearings; a surge in unaccompanied youth ensued 2014 – President Obama requested Congress to authorize $2 billion in response to the crisis AND asked for increased flexibility to deport unaccompanied children

20 CNN REPORT, JUNE 25 TH WAREHOUSE-UNACCOMPANIED-MINORS/ WAREHOUSE-UNACCOMPANIED-MINORS/ HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE Hearing - JUNE 25 th Unaccompanied Immigrant Children 1/unaccompanied-immigrant-children

21 BISHOP MARK SEITZ TESTIFIES BEFORE HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE span.org/video/?c /bi shop-seitz-testimony span.org/video/?c /bi shop-seitz-testimony

22 BISHOP GERALD F. KICANAS – PLAN FOR HUMANITARIAN AID Transitional housing Hospitality Food Clothing Legal representation Pastoral services

23 Bisbee Kathleen Cook Susan Kolb Patricia Younger Mary Rose Obholz Marilyn Winkel Glendale Marilyn Bever Mesa Cecelia Schlaefer Phoenix Jean Perry Rachel Doefler St. Michaels Barbara DeBoo Joleen Retzer Tempe Colleen Braun Tucson Nancy Chow Paulette Shaw Eileen Mahoney Mary Ann Bogosoff

24 Sister Barbara Sister Colleen Sister Cecelia Sister Joleen Sister Susan Sister Eileen

25 Sister Paulette Sister Kathleen Sister Josephine Sister Patricia Sister Mary Ann Sister Nancy

26 Kathleen Gammon Kay Bircher Sister Marilyn Arizona Associates: Sister Rachel Sister Jean Mary Pat Waldmann

27 WHAT WE CAN DO Pray Learn Assess Act Advocate


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